Messerschmidt v. Miller
(1) Whether police officers are entitled to qualified immunity when they obtained a facially valid warrant to search for firearms, firearm-related materials, and gang-related items in the residence of a gang member and felon who had threatened to kill his girlfriend and fired a sawed-off shotgun at her? (2) Whether United States v. Leon, 468 U.S. 897 (1984), and Malley v. Briggs, 475 U.S. 335 (1986), should be reconsidered or clarified?
Whether police officers were entitled to qualified immunity for executing a search warrant for firearms and evidence of gang activity in a home after a victim reported that the suspect had threatened her with a gun.
November 4, 2003 Messerschmidt applied for a warrant to arrest Jerry Bowen and a warrant to search the suspect's house. Messerschmidt made an affidavit( is a written sworn statement of fact voluntarily made by an affiant or deponent under an oath or affirmation administered by a person authorized to do so by law.) titled "statement probable cause". The police were called to Jerry Bowen house to accompany his former spouse into the house to get her belongings so that Jerry Bowen could not harm her. After the officers on call accompanied her for about 20 minutes they had an emergency call to tend to and would return when the situation was taken care of. While the officers were gone, Jerry Bowen started assaulting his former spouse Shelly Kelly threatening her and using abusive language. Once Shelly kelly was able to break away from Jerry Bowen and make it into her car; Jerry Bowen disappeared and returned with a black sawed off shot gun. Jerry Bowen fired the gun 5 times only hitting the victim's left front tire of her car. Once Shelly Kelly got away from Jerry Bowen she approached the officers that was at her former residence and told them what happened. She told the officers that Jerry Bowen has a deadly weapon in his possession.
From the information the officers got from Shelly Kelly they placed Jerry Bowen in a line up that contained 6 men. Shelly circled Bowen's picture without hesitation. Once Kelly identified Bowen personally the policed gathered information about him being a part of the Mona Park Crip Gang.
"The Swat team broke into Bowen's home with the warrant & did not find him. Shortly after that, Jerry Bowen was arrested after found hiding under a bed in a motel. "But the affidavit does not set forth any evidence indicating that Bowen owned or used other firearms, that such firearms were contraband or evidence of a crime, or that such firearms were likely to be present at the Millenders' residence"
Nothing was found in the warrant or affidavit says there was probable cause to search or seize the firearms that were listed on the warrant. Probable cause did not exist.
The officers could not prove that the affidavit was attached to the warrant.
Messerschmidt did not use the affidavit at the Millenders' residence to provide more specific direction to the investigators who searched the house
Rather, they seized Augusta Millender's shotgun, which did not resemble the firearm described by Kelly: it had a wooden stock and was neither sawed-off nor had a pistol grip.
" the deputies had probable cause to search for a single, identified weapon, whether assembled or disassembled. They had no probable cause to search for the broad class of firearms and firearm-related materials described in the warrant."
The officers tried to argue in court that Jerry Bowen was seen with this firearm, is very dangerous and is part of a gang so they had probable cause to search for other items inside his house.
The officers were qualified for immunity.
Other related cases:
United States v. Leon
Ewing v. City of Stockton
Ortiz v. Van Auken
Malley v. Briggs
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Tim and I decided to create a chart process of Enlisting for Active Army Duty. Of course this is a time consuming process which takes devotion and dedication is you are serious about joining the Army. There are many meetings to go to and test's to take to prove yourself but in the end it's when you are suited up and looking in the mirror as an United States Army Recruit. From my research there are many requirements and qualifications for serving but the M.E.P.S is the organization that can curve the paperwork to suit your needs of contributing in the Army
In order to become a teacher you have to go to college, then get certified as a teacher by the state.
The paper work was really straightforward once we found it!
I wouldn’t make you have to become a student teacher before becoming a real one.
So that when you become a teacher you will know what you doing.
Me llamo Rachel. Yo tengo catorce anos y Mi cumpleaños es el donce de abril. Soy de Florida pero vivo en Filadelfia. Yo soy rubia y mas ó menos baja. Yo soy inteligente, simpática, divertida y cómica.
Me gusta la música la pop, rock y country. Me gusta comida China y la pizza. Me gusta deporte karate y futbol. Me no gusta música la rap, el jazz y clásica. Me no gusta comida Italiana y Mexicana. Me no gusta deporte futbol americana.
¿Cómo eres tu? ¿Cuándo es cumpleaños? ¿Cómo estas? ¿Qué te gustas? ¿ Que tempo hace hoy?
As I was trying to get my hands on a computer whose owner would approve of me permanently disassembling it, I imagined writing in my artist's statement that the hardest part of the project was simply gathering the materials. It wasn't. I put up notices on Craigslist and Freecycle saying I was looking for old computer parts and eventually a woman on Freecycle offered me an old printer. Without really considering how much the average printer weighs, I walked to One Logan Square to pick it up. Even taking a bus more than halfway back, I had to constantly stop and rest on the way home.
I thought the hard part was over. I brought it to school the next day, a Wednesday, (in a rolling suitcase) so that I could take it apart with Mr. VK's tools (a pair of pliers and two screwdrivers) while the school stayed open for report card conferences. I spent a good three hours sitting in the third-floor ballroom taking the printer apart while parents waited around giving me strange looks. The ink didn't come off my hands for days.
The next day I once again took advantage of the half-day and conferences to work in the third-floor ballroom with VK's tools, this time taking apart just the cool-looking pieces so I could use them. The biggest challenge was cutting the motherboard up into pieces. Motherboards primarily consist of fiberglass, copper, and epoxy resin, but there are many attached components such as memory cards and connectors to other parts of the machine that are impossible to cut through except with tools that VK probably wouldn't let me use even if he had. I removed as many of the attached components as I could with the pliers before deciding how to cut the motherboard. I used a pen to draw outlines on the smoother "back" of the motherboard. I had to keep in mind what kinds of jewelry I wanted to make, where the holes were on the motherboard (I could probably have made holes in it with a screwdriver, but they would have looked messy, so I preferred to use the ready-made holes), and what parts would be easy or hard to cut.
Again, I spent about three hours working before my mother insisted I come home. I hadn't finished cutting the motherboard so I used my own scissors, which worked somewhat but caused the edges to crumble and get lots of dust everywhere. Aside from the motherboard, I'd brought home some plastic gears colored wires that I thought I could use. The wires ended up being hard to work with so I gave up on using them. Fortunately I have my own hot glue gun and jewelry materials (cord, clasps, earring hooks and bobbi pins) so I managed to finish everything at home.
By the time I was done I was sleep-deprived, my arms were sore, my fingers were sore, my hands were covered in ink, and I'd probably breathed a lot of unhealthy chemicals, but honestly the whole project was incredibly fun. I'd never done anything like it before, so even though it didn't go as I'd expected I really enjoyed it.
This is a bad year for the relationship between college students and the government. Students are frustrated with the constant increase of tuition prices. It has reached a piont where they feel as if the only way to change their predicament , or at least get a more immediate attention to it, is to protest. This usually leads to violence or arrest for students students, which is good for no one. So far there has been little news about anything changing in favor of the students.
For private institutions trustee board members are the people who carry the authority when it comes to tuition increases. However, for state colleges if little funding is given from the government, increases are inevitable. To change anything, I believe, the support of state officials are needed, they would most likely be them most accessible To attempt to try and plead the the U.S. Department of Education to fight for education to be seen as more of a priority.Students around the country are protesting the constant rising of their tuition prices.
I believe to make any type of change college students must really look to who is in what office in their local areas, more specifically who is their state representative. Students should come together and try and contact their representative to get this issue addresses and to ask what should they be doing to really change their predicament besides protesting or just dropping out. Hopefully by doing this there will be more done about this within the next year or so. If not college may be too far out of reach financially, for many high school students in America.
Semaj and I chose to partner up to apply for a license to carry a concealed firearm in Philadelphia. I thought this process would be a hard one but to be truthful it turned out to be more easer than we both thought. All it really took was time research and paper work.
All we really had to do was google apply for a license to carry a concealed firearm in Philadelphia and it come rite up paper work in all. We found out that all you really needed to do was fill out papers and supply a few documents. We printed out our papers and filled them out the way we would if we were to actually apply for the license.
The paperwork part was no hassle at all. When we printed them all out we used fake names and numbers that was need. We did this to show that we knew how to fill these out just like we would in real life.
If I could change one thing about the bureaucratic process I would have to change the fact that if you answer one question yes then there is no need to proceed because your not eligible and I think that it not fair really because you really never know anyone’s situation to just go off of a yes or no question.
I think the systems have become so complicated because there are a lot more issues and details that need to be addressed within our society so to try to ensure the safety and simplicity of our society certain precautions need to be made to make the jobs of people in the system easier. Not only easier but also safer self-defense and protection is so important because people now a days are really crazy.
I found this project fun and interesting just like my partner but I think she had more fun with it. It took me a few to truly understand the processes but with her help I caught on very fast and once I got it I was on the ball and I good to go and that is when it became fun and interesting.
Here's the to our actual FlowChart.
My group member, Shelby, and I worked on the process of becoming a foster parent. Since we couldn’t find to much about the process online I emailed my aunt, who was a foster parent and went through all of this process before, and she was able to contact the foster care agency she went through and they sent us a bunch of information and paper work for becoming a foster parent. Once we got all of that information we were able to start recording the process and filling out the paper work.
The paper work wasn’t really difficult but just asked for a lot of information. It was not just one packet of question or information you had to fill out but there were several papers and packets that we had to fill out. Some of them were basic information one but also ones that talked about your house appliances and how they worked as well as criminal and FBI clearance forms. The paper work also included the different things you would have to send to let them know your certifications, for example, if you CPR certified you would have to send them proof of it.
If we had to change the bureaucratic process flow chart that we made, we could possibly of made it longer like more detailed in places. When we talked about the list of requirements we could of made a bubble for each individual one and talked about the yes and no’s of those as well. But I was happy with how ours came out.
Going back to how detailed the paper work had to be and also how long the process is to become a foster parent, it shows how protected they have made the foster care system. Becoming a foster parent isn’t like applying for a driver’s license, well fare, or anything along those lines. There is a child involved in this process. So before they just give a child to someone they really have to do a background check on who the person and family is so they know that when they let the child stay with this family or person that the child is safe and will be taken care of. The process is a pain in the booty, but it makes sense why it is so long and detailed.
I know that everybody has a talent in dancing
We are starting a club that has to do with hip hop and breakdancing
I was wondering do anybody want to join
Also, if you want to learn
we will teach you
its the best time to show your TALENTS
If you have any question PLease
contact me at email@example.com!!!!