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Father Knows Best

Father Knows Best

Comparing the play “the Taming of the Shrew” to the film “50 First Dates”

Shakespeare’s play, “The Taming of the Shrew” displays the idea that love at first sight truly exists. In the play, when young scholar Lucentio comes to Padua and sees Bianca for the first time, he immediately falls in love. Lucentio decides from that moment on that he will do whatever it takes to marry Bianca. Similarly, in the film “50 First Dates,” Henry, a Hawaiian player, falls for a local girl named Lucy who suffers from short term memory loss. The second he sees her, he feels more strongly about her than he has for any other girl, which leads him to pull crazy stunts to try and get Lucy to fall for him everyday. Not only do Lucentio and Henry have to convince their perspective women to fall for them, but they also have to convince the girls’ fathers. The fathers in both the play and movie are skeptical of the potential relationships.


Even though both men go through similar processes when trying to win over the women of their dreams, they have different obstacles. For one, the two obstacles Lucentio faces when trying to marry Bianca are that she has many different suitors after her, and also that her father won’t let her marry until his eldest daughter is married. The two obstacles Henry faces are that she forgets who he is everyday, leaving him to convince her to fall for him all over again daily. The other obstacle faced by Henry is that Lucy’s father has no intention of ever allowing Lucy to get married as he wants to protect her. Even though their are a couple specific differences between the play and the movie, the overall messages remain the same. These texts show that even though love at first sight is real, the woman’s father will always have the final say in marriage.


“I firmly am resolved you know:

That is, not to bestow my youngest daughter

Before I have a husband for the elder.”


(Act I, Scene i, 48-51)


In this quote, two suitors have approached Baptista, Bianca’s father, with interest in marrying Bianca. Baptista lays down the law by telling them he will decide when Bianca is able to be married.

In “50 First Dates,” Lucy’s father also has strong commandments that must be followed.


Screen Shot 2015-04-20 at 10.47.20 AM

In this scene from “50 First Dates,” Henry goes to Lucy’s house for the first time. Lucy’s father, Marlin, stops Henry from coming inside, and pulls him to the back of the house to give him a talk. This would be expected out of a father of a teenager, or a younger girl, however Henry and Lucy are both adults. Marlin is in complete charge of Henry and Lucy’s relationship, and is the determining factor of whether Henry will even be allowed to see Lucy or not. Both the film and the play have a strong father character who is not willing to back down from his rules.



“They have by marriage made thy daughter mine

While counterfeit supposes bleared thine eyne.”


(Act V, Scene i, 120-121)


In this quote, Lucentio has just confessed to deceiving Baptista in order to win Bianca’s love. This quote shows how Lucentio knew that Baptista would make the decisions for Bianca, so he had to go behind Baptista’s back to be with her.

Henry also knows that Lucy’s father will be the determining factor in their relationship, and decides to also pull a few tricks.



Screen Shot 2015-04-20 at 10.57.43 AM

This scene takes place after Marlin tells Henry not to go back to the diner where he meets Lucy. Like Lucentio, Henry knows that Lucy’s father will never allow him to see Lucy, so he goes behind Marlin’s back. Both Lucentio and Henry plan crazy tactics to see the women they love. The difference between the two characters is that Lucentio knows that once Katherine is married first, Baptista will be fine with him marrying Bianca, so he just has to wait to tell Baptista of his shenanigans. With Henry, he doesn’t think that Marlin will ever let him be with Lucy, so he has to find a way to convince Marlin that he is worthy of Lucy’s love.



In both the play “the Taming of the Shrew” and the film “50 First Dates,” it is shown that a woman’s father will make the decisions in her relationship, even if she and her partner already know they are in love. Even after hundreds of years have passed, it is still morally correct, just as it was in Shakespeare’s time, to have the father’s approval of a marriage, or relationship.


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The American Changing Shrew



          The classic but controversial William Shakespeare play, “The Taming Of The Shrew” is one that audiences still disagree about . As scholars continue to attempt to understand what Shakespeare was trying to prove by creating a play in which, a once outspoken woman  becomes in full subjection to her husband. Claiming even he is her God.

          Though this is not one of those scholastic papers breaking down this play line for line, this essay will analyze the connections between “The Taming Of The Shrew” and the modern day theatrical film “American Wedding”. There are some themes that rise throughout the plot of the movie that connect characters between the two. One of which is that of supporting character in the movie Steve Stifler to the main character in the play Petruchio. Steve Stifler is like Petruchio in the sense that both are manipulative and change themselves to get what they want. In this case what they want is a woman. As shown in this play and movie, people change who they are to create love where there otherwise would not be any, and when this change is made it is often not genuine.




"Quote from Play"

“You wrong me, Signior Gremio. Give me leave.—

I am a gentleman of Verona, sir,

That hearing of her beauty and her wit,

Her affability and bashful modesty,

Her wondrous qualities and mild behavior,

Am bold to show myself a forward guest

Within your house, to make mine eye the witness

Of that report which I so oft have heard.”

Act 2, Scene 1, lines 49- 58

(Act x, Scene x, line numbers)



At this point in the play, Signior Petruchio is telling Signior Gremio how he plans to woo and charm Katherine, no matter what her personality may be. He says that he is such a gentleman he will overcome her personality. This shows that he feels he needs to be overbearing and very gentle with Katherine for her to fall in love with him. It is learned later in the book that is not truly his character.



Petruchio’s counter piece in the movie “American Wedding”, Steve Stifler, is in a similar but slightly different situation as Petruchio. Stifler meets a woman like Petruchio and supposedly falls for her upon first sight, and then exactly like Petruchio he changes his personality to come off as appealing to what the woman and the woman’s family and friends would like.


IMAGE GOES HERE



At this point in the movie, Stifler, a character known throughout the film for his noisy outbursts, annoyance and lack of respect for others, is about to meet the woman he would later claim to love. Candice, though, as he notices through eavesdropping wants a good man to fall in love with. So Stifler changes himself momentarily to show Candice’s parents first that he is a good guy. This, like what Petruchio did in the play, shows Stifler changing himself to give off an appeal of charm because he believes that is the only way Candice will love him. But it is seen that throughout the film that is not his true character.



"Quote from Play"

You lie, in faith, for you are called plain Kate,

And bonny Kate, and sometimes Kate the curst,

But Kate, the prettiest Kate in Christendom,

Kate of Kate Hall, my super-dainty Kate—

For dainties are all Kates—and therefore, Kate,

Take this of me, Kate of my consolation:

Hearing thy mildness praised in every town,

Thy virtues spoke of, and thy beauty sounded—

Yet not so deeply as to thee belongs—

Myself am moved to woo thee for my wife.

(Act x, Scene x, line numbers)

act 2 scene 1, lines 179- 188


Here in the play Petruchio finally meets Katherine for the first time. As recalled earlier in the play he tells Gremio that his charm will make Kate fall in love with him. His tactic to show this charm is to shower her with overbearing compliments of her beauty and character. Later in the book his character is shown as arrogant and rude whereas in this scene in the play he comes off as charming and extremely kind. As shown here Petruchio changes who he is in the hopes of getting Katherine to like him right away, but this change was not genuine because later in the play he decided to show her his true colors.



Steve finds himself in a similar predicament when he first attempts to show candice individually that he is a great guy for her. Earlier in the film it shows Steve overhearing Candice and her sister in the bathroom talking about the perfect guy for her. Coincidentally Steve tries to replicate and become everything she says when he meets her.



IMAGE GOES HERE



Steve much like Petruchio finds himself in front of Candice trying to make the best possible first impression he can make. He comes off as sweet and endearing to her and in her mind he is her perfect man. Towards the end of the film there is a scene where Steve is shown acting out of character and she realizes he is nothing like who she thought he was. Steve decided to use the same tactic as Petruchio and change himself to get the girl, but like Petruchio the girl realizes he is not who he claims to be in the end which is why the change is not genuine.



In the end it is shown throughout both situations that the male feels as though he has to be the perfect guy for the girl in order to be in a relationship with her. Petruchio changes to be sweet and endearing and so does Steve. Both changes though are not genuine, and it therefore causes complications in the relationship. Society’s views on relationships shows this ideal in full, Steve’s modern day situation with Candice shows the model for relationships everywhere. The woman wants the perfect guy and so people change who they are to create love where there otherwise would not be any, and when this change is made it is often not genuine.










Worked Cited:


"The Taming of the Shrew." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2015. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Taming_of_the_Shrew>.


"American Wedding." IMDb. IMDb.com, n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2015. <http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0328828/>.



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Movie Visual Essay

“The Taming of the Shrew” is one of the is one of the earliest romantic comedies that has survived. In the play several men such as Lucentio, Hortensio, and Petruchio chase after women. In the 1985 movie “St. Elmo’s Fire”, Kirby is just like these men in this aspect except for the fact that the woman he is after is already in a relationship.




Kirby shares similarities to Lucentio as they both attempt to get the woman but fail. While their actions are similar their situations, the outcomes are different. Kirby is trying to get a woman who is much older than him while she is in a relationship, while Lucentio falls in love with someone of a similar socioeconomic class. Since Kirby is trying to get a woman older than him, so he is considered bolder and less caring of the social norm to marry a woman younger or around someone’s age. The fact that Kirby is just as eager to get close to Dale as Luciento is to Katherine is a sign of how the boundaries of what is considered an abnormal marriage are changing. The difference between “The Taming of the Shrew” and “St. Elmo Fire” is proof that people are becoming more open minded to people of very different ages and socioeconomic statuses being in relationship.


“You will be schoolmaster and undertake the teaching of the maid: That’s your device” (Act i, Scene i,  43)


In this quote Tranio is describing the idea he has for how Lucentio can get close to Bianca. The fact that Lucentio went along with this shows to what extremes he will go to in order to get with a woman. He does this in the spur of the moment as he just saw her pass him by for the first time.


Kirby finds himself in a similar situation with Dale except he is much more infatuated with her.

Screen Shot 2015-04-16 at 9.02.17 AM.png

“What’s the meaning of life? Dale Biberman”


In this scene of “St. Elmo’s Fire” Kirby is talking about how Dale whom he just saw at a hospital is the love of his life even though they spent years apart without contact. He does not care about the advice from his friend, which is to not to go after her because of her age and the fact that she is already in a relationship. He completely disregards the advice and goes after her anyway. He is willing to change his college major from law to medicine in order to get closer to her, which is similar to what Lucentio was doing when he disguised himself as Bianca’s tutor. While Lucentio had nothing to get in his way such as socioeconomic status. Kirby has the problem of her age and socioeconomic status, which shows just how much men have changed over the centuries in their pursuit of women and have changed what they consider to be an acceptable relationship.



Preposterous ass, that never read so To know the cause of why music was ordained. (Act ii, Scene i, 109)

This is from when Lucentio, while disguised as Cambio was talking to Hortensio about how he should go first. He acts very pompous and believes he is more important than Hortensio when trying to get Bianca. She then does let Lucentio teach her first. His attitude is a sign of how confident he is that she will marry him.


“And deep down for a long time I’ll wonder if somehow this isn’t my loss”

In this scene Dale is telling Kirby how she regrets not being able to be in a relationship with him. She kisses him on the cheek and then he kisses her on the lips and she embraces it. This shows how even while their ages are far apart and she has a higher socioeconomic status than him she would still want to have been in a relationship with him.


What is considered an appropriate marriage today and during the time “The Taming of the Shrew” was written are completely different. Marriage is about more than marrying someone who is in the same age group and socioeconomic class. Now its about finding anyone who you love and who loves you no matter the differences between them.






Works Cited

Shakespeare, William, Barbara A. Mowat, and Paul Werstine. The Taming of the Shrew. New York: Washington Square, 2002. Print.

St. Elmo's Fire. Dir. Joel Schumacher. Perf. Emilio Estevez, Rob Lowe, Andrew McCarthy, Demi Moore, Judd Nelson, Ally Sheedy, and Mare Winningham,. 1985.
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Truly She’s Not All That

Comparing “The Taming of the Shrew” to “She’s All That”



In the play, “The Taming of the Shrew,” proves that men try to beautify their women, which in turn fuels their ego and eventually the men get something out of it. In, “Shrew,” Petruchio marries Katherine to obtain her wealth, and makes her become a better person. In the 1999 movie, “She’s All That,” Zach Siler tries to do the same, but to transform Laney Boggs into a prom queen to win a bet.


In both mediums of entertainment, the man tries to change the woman, in which he gets something out of it at the end. By achieving this, they boost their ego, and the women are more likeable, but their situations are different. In “Shrew,” Petruchio is married to Katherine and already promised 20 crowns. Then he tries to tame her attitude, and neither party truly loves each other by the end of the play. Although in “She’s All That,” Zach makes the bet before knowing the girl, and ends up falling in love with her. Guys play women as though they are easily changed objects and think they’re the greatest ever by doing so if they are successful. These two situations are in very different time periods, but it shows how the male’s idea of dating and/or women in general has stayed the same. These texts reflect that men stay trying to change the women for their benefit and because of this, the woman becomes more attractive.


"Thus in plain terms: your father hath consented

That you shall be my wife, your dowry 'greed on,

And, will you, nill you, I will marry you….For I am he am born to tame you, Kate,

And bring you from a wild Kate to a Kate

Conformable as other household Kates."

(Act 2, Scene 1, 259-268)

Petruchio meets Katherine for the first time, and makes it clear that he is going to marry her, that the dowry is already set, and his job is to tame her. Petruchio already knows that Katherine isn’t the most pleasant person in the world to say the least, and that people hate her because of this. Since he’s going to be married to her, conforming her personality to be nicer adds to his benefit. By doing such a deed the people who dislike Katherine will see how she has become tamer and will find her more amusing.

Similarly to the movie, “She’s All That,” Zack knows that Laney has more of an introverted personality and isn’t really a people pleaser, so he tries to make more characteristics about her more appealing.


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Zach shows up at Laney’s house to convince her to go to a party. She says she has nothing to wear so he gives her a short, red dress that shows cleavage, but then she complains she’s a mess. Zack brings along his sister to help change Laney’s look by doing her makeup and even cutting her hair to her shoulders. Even now, the guy is trying to beautify her. Zack is the most popular boy in school, and since he is going to a party with Laney, he wants her to look more on his level. By changing one of the most “plain Jane” looking girls in the school to a beautiful prom queen, would be the ultimate achievement in showing Zack’s high school career. When Zack changes Laney to look more acceptable, the people around Laney see her as more attractive rather than boring or not even noticing her at all.


"Tut, she’s a lamb, a dove, a fool to him!

I’ll tell you, Sir Lucentio: when the priest

Should ask if Katherine should be his wife,

“Ay, by gogs wouns!” quoth he, and swore so loud

That, all amazed, the priest let fall the book,

And as he stooped again to take it up,

The mad-brained bridegroom took him such a cuff

That down fell priest and book, and book and priest.

“Now take them up,” quoth he, “if any list.”"

(Act 3, Scene 2, 130-139)

Gremio(who is a suitor for Bianca -Katherine’s younger sister) is talking to Tranio(who is a servant) about how at the wedding, Petruchio made Katherine look like an innocent child next to him. Petruchio had flipped out at the wedding to the priest and caused an uproar. By him doing such in front of a crowd with Katherine next to his side, makes Katherine look like a goddess. Petruchio decided to act in such an abrupt manner because Katherine will be embarrassed of Petruchio, and know that that’s not an acceptable way to act in front of people. Once she know’s this, she will act in a calmer manner all the time. Even though Katherine has a foul attitude, by Petruchio such shows Katherine off, which is why Gremio said Katherine was an innocent child. Compared to Petruchio in this scene, people are seeing the difference in Katherine. She acts as a lamb or dove, and to Petruchio she becomes more pleasing to others than him. Slowly but surely Petruchio is conforming Katherine’s attitude by being ruder than her so people will like her better.

Zack is slowly, but surely changing Laney as well, and people are noticing.


Screen Shot 2015-04-16 at 10.36.43 PM

Dean, Zack’s best friend is talking to Zack about “tapping”(having sex) with Laney. Zack says that hanging out with her isn’t about getting any. Dean asks if he could then partake because now since all of sudden due to Laney’s new looks and popularity, she’s become more attractive. Since Zack has spent so much time changing Laney to become better, people have noticed which is why Dean asks if it’s okay if he could have sex with her.

Both texts portray men as having the same outlook on women; women need to look a certain way in order to be considered “dateable.” The Taming of the Shrew was written in 1593, while “She’s All That,” was produced in 1999. These two texts are written over 400 years between each other, but both show that society deems it as okay that men change these women for their benefit, as long as the woman becomes a better version of herself. The portrayals of men and women in both the play and movie tell the viewer that in society, that there are certain physical and emotional expectations in courtship/dating.  


Works Cited:

Shakespeare, William, and Barbara A. Mowat. The Taming of the Shrew. Washington Square Press New Folger's ed. New York: Washington Square, 1992. Print.


She's All That. Perf. Freddie Prinze Jr, Rachael Leigh Cook, Paul Walker. Miramax Home Entertainment ;, 1999. Film.


"The Taming of the Shrew." SparkNotes. SparkNotes. Web. 20 Apr. 2015. <http://nfs.sparknotes.com/shrew/>.


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The Beginners Guide to Love in the Past and the Future

(Comparing “Beginners” and “The Taming of the Shrew”)


In the 417 years between when the play “The Taming of the Shrew” (1592) was written and the movie “Beginners” (2010) premiered, a lot has changed about what people see in relationships and love. In the play in one of the main characters is the titular “Shrew” Katherine, is a very loud mouthed and independent woman, at least until Petruccio marries her and she starts to become more subversive to him. In the movie “Beginners” is about a man, Oliver, who learns that his father; Hal, is not only dying but is gay, and reflects back onto his parents unhappy marriage that they were both forced into due to the circumstances and prejudice that existed at the time.



Both of these characters had very large personalities that were subverted due to their marriages and had to change themselves for it, although not for the better. “The Taming of the Shrew” and “Beginners” both show that changing yourself in a relationship will someone unhappy.



Kathrine:

“I pray you, sir is it your will to make me stale of  me amongst these mates?”       


HORTENSIO

“Mates,” maid? How mena you that? No Mates for  you, Unless were of gentler, milder mold.                                 


(Act 1. Sc . 1 lines 59-61)


In this scene Hortensio is talking with Kathrine about getting married, but Hortensio is arguing that little men would want her unless she was a calmer, gentler person in comparison to her rougher personality. As you can see , society, represented here by Hortensio, expects Katherine  to comply to what  it wants- which would be a calmer demeanor and attitude, though it is not in her own personal interests. To change herself for a marriage, with someone who; at this point in the play, Katrine doesn’t even know.

Screen Shot 2015-04-16 at 8.16.36 PM

This is similar to much of Hal’s life in which he had to marry and live with a woman for most of his life, while  secretly being a gay man. This was due to the societal conventions of the times he lived in in which being gay was thought to be a mental illness, with his therapist, and to a certain degree his wife when she first proposed, telling him that as much. Hiding his true feelings and sexuality for fear of losing “everything” restricted  life, and even his happiness for what he would sexuality, emotionally or otherwise.                                                                                                                                                          



KATHARINA

...

“And place your hands below your husband's foot: In token of which duty, if he please, My hand is ready; may it do him ease.


PETRUCHIO

Why, there's a wench! Come on, and kiss me, Kate.


In this scene it truly shows how far Katherine has “fallen” from her former self. After a barrage of physiological attacks from Petruchio her fire has almost died down leaving her an obedient shell of her former self. She obviously isn’t happy with her new surroundings; who would like to be starved and sleep deprived? But in order to receive these basic human needs she needed to change- again quite dramatically- for the sake of the relationship, and even her own well being for the better part.


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However in contrast, when we see Hal refer back and started living his life as an out gay man, he is tremendously happier. With a loving relationship a plethora of new friends and hosting parties as demonstrated in an early montage in the movie he clearly is a happy, and presumably happier man. Because he changed himself for his relationship with Hal’s mother he wasn’t able to live the majority of his life as he wanted to. At one point he goes to a gay bar for the first time and tells his son it was more for young men, than him at 78. He states  “I don't want to just be theoretically gay. I want to do something about it.” showing that he’s lived his life so repressed from his true personality and that, now that his wife has passed away, he can live his life as he;s always wanted.



KATHERINE

No shame but mine. I must, forsooth, be forced, To give my hand, opposed against my heart,, Unto a mad-brain rudesby, full of spleen, Who wooed in haste and means to wed at leisure. I told you, I, he was a frantic fool, Hiding his bitter jests in blunt behavior, And, to be noted for a merry man, He’ll woo a thousand, 'point the day of marriage, Make friends, invite, and proclaim the banns, Yet never means to wed where he hath wooed. Now must the world point at poor Katherine And say, “Lo, there is mad Petruchio’s wife, If it would please him come and marry her!”

(act 3. sc2)

In this it shows Katherine's frustration in approaching an unhappy marriage with Petruchio in which she’ll be reduced to being “Petruchio's crazy wife”. Surely the fact that she is tough to marry doesn’t escape her but it hardly seems to bother her; especially as Petruchio remains her best option at this point. Up until this point her identity has been mostly about her, while not all positive- being the titular “shrew” and having a reputation in the plays story, however now with Petruchio in the picture, her identity will always be second to him, and her relationship to him.


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In this revealing scene, Hal reveals to Oliver that Oliver’s mother knew that Hal was gay but that she claimed that she “could fix that”. This relates to Taming of the Shrew as they both show examples of people unhappy with change, and their true personalities being reverted to their relationship to someone they truly do not love. In Hall's case it shows, that while he enjoyed his life as a whole, he clearly wished he could have lived as he wanted to- being out as a gay man.


In conclusion both The Taming of the Shrew and Beginners show how changing oneself for a relationship doesn’t make them happy. What is interesting to note that while Taming of the Shrew shows someone who is getting deeper and changing himself for their unhappy relationship, Beginners shows someone; both literally and metaphorically, coming out of such a relationship and becoming happier with the life he has left. The messages presented in both The Taming of the Shrew and Beginners are truly universal and can be shown as a cautionary tale for someone not to go into such a relationship but can also be used as a means of inspiration to any poor individual's stuck in such a situation.

Works Cited:
  • Beginners. Dir. Mark Mills. Perf. Ewan McGregor, Christopher Plummer, Mélanie Laurent, Goran Visnjic. Focus Features, 2010. Film
  • Shakespeare, William. The Taming of The Shrew. Ed. Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine. New York: Washington Square, 1992. Print.
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Love and Marriage - Like a Horse and a Carriage

The Taming of the Shrew revolves around the idea of honesty and deception in relationships which has been around for centuries, as seen in this Shakespearean play where Petruchio, one of the main characters in the play, marries the daughter of Baptista, Katharina upon his personal gains. In the movie Namaste London, the main characters set out to do the same through a female character.


When it comes to exploring some of the difficult parameters that cause hurdles in a relationship, Namastey London does a great job  of making the viewer think harder about what it takes to be in a successful relationship. The plot of the movie revolves a girl named Jasmeet aka Jazz who in spite of being born to an Indian couple considers herself to be British as she was born and raised in England. She wants to live her life her way, and not according to her parents, as she’s being pressured into travelling to India to have an arranged marriage. Although Petruchio and Jazz’s motives for marriage are similarly egotistical, the outcome of the deception is very different. By contrast, Petruchio is blinded by the idea of wealth, control, and power whereas Jazz is blinded by her British boyfriend. Petruchio blatantly continues his greedily campaign throughout his life leading to an almost  failed marriage. However, Jazz ends up falling up in love, which comes out of the blue, and the couple lives happily afterwards. The play and the movie reflect that a successful marriage can be possible with balanced sides through commitment. Thus, a successful marriage cannot be forced whatsoever.


Signior Hortensio, 'twixt such friends as we

Few words suffice; and therefore, if thou know

One rich enough to be Petruchio's wife,

As wealth is burden of my wooing dance,

Be she as foul as was Florentius' love,

As old as Sibyl and as curst and shrewd

As Socrates' Xanthippe, or a worse,

She moves me not, or not removes, at least,

Affection's edge in me, were she as rough

As are the swelling Adriatic seas:

I come to wive it wealthily in Padua;

If wealthily, then happily in Padua. (1.2.10)


In The Taming of the Shrew, Petruchio gives a long speech, which pretty much sums up his character. Here, he says that he does not care if a woman is ugly, old, or shrewish. As long as she has money, he’ll marry her because money is what makes him happy.


Much like Petruchio, Jazz decides to go back to India and date an Indian guy for the personal benefits which would automatically make her parents happy. However, instead of wealth she is marrying in fear of getting deported.

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Screen Shot 2015-04-16 at 11.46.22 PM

In this scene, a pampered and indulged daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Singh has just been told by her parents that she is in danger of being deported back to India, where she will have to accept her cultural heritage and the traditionally-accepted “arranged marriage” of her family’s culture. The father recalls that being the only child, she pretty much gets away with everything, which includes her desire to marry her thrice divorced boss, Charlie Brown who is the son of a businessman and is known for his self-centered and chauvinistic characteristics. Thus, sensing trouble in Brown, her dad quickly declares the plan of a trip to India with the pretext of tourism. Jazz’s reason for dating/marrying are extremely similar to Petruchio’s because both lack love in the relationship and are only in it for the personal benefits.


I am ashamed that women are so simple

To offer war where they should kneel for peace (5.9.172)


This quote shows that Katherine capitulates herself to the marriage.  Throughout the entire play she was a woman who stood her ground. The fact that she is giving into Petruchio’s fake marriage indicates the tough-girl attitude may have only been a facade. Katherine felt that the marriage was the closest thing to love she would ever get, therefore she submitted herself to Petruchio. The marriage never became successful because of the force Petruchio put on Katherine to agree with him and change her ways.


Jazz also surrenders but instead of staying in the fake relationship with a British guy, she gets out of it, resulting in a successful relationship, happy parents, and a completely different outcome than that of “Shrew”.

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In this scene, Jazz is all set to marry her boyfriend Charlie Brown. Just before the ritual take place, something pushes her and she realizes her love for an Indian guy as she surrenders herself and runs away after him to confess about her love. In the final scene they are seen together riding the bike and living happily.

Love is the ultimate requirement for a marriage. These two elements go together like a horse and a carriage as the play and the movie prove this idea. True happiness can only gained when love is balanced from the both sides. The notion of forced marriage caused by selfishness and greediness has been evident through the centuries but the notion of love being the ultimate requirement has certainly changed over the past years. The play, “The Taming of the Shrew” draws upon how men are the powerful ones and the women are just their followers. In “Namastey London”, love is what brought the two people together. After realizing and breaking off of the fake relationship, Jazz realizes her genuine love which results in a real relationship, ultimate happiness, and satisfied parents as well.


Works Cited:

Namastey London
. Dir. Vipul A. Shah. Perf. Katerina Kaif, Akshay Kumar, and Clive Standen. Viacom 18 Motion Pictures, 2007. Netflix.
Shakespeare, William. The Taming of the Shrew. New Haven: Yale UP, 1954. Print.
FRANK SINATRA LYRICS - Love and Marriage. AZ Lyrics. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2015.
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"Shrew? You Keep Using that Word. I Don't Think it Means What You Think it Means."

The Taming of the Shrew and the Princess Bride

The classic play, The Taming of the Shrew, written by Shakespeare is arguably the original romantic comedy. The Princess Bride, and 1980’s film, is a more modern romantic comedy, even though it takes place in a world resembling medieval Europe. The characters from the play that will mentioned most are Bianca, Lucentio, and Petruchio. From the Princess Bride, the characters of Buttercup, Westley and Prince Humperdinck will be analyzed.


There’s numerous similarities and differences between the characters but most similarities can be drawn from the interactions the characters have with each other. The two texts reflect that regardless of relationship status, men and women of a certain ilk will interact in set ways, portrayed in the roles they play such as dominant, subservient, or respectful.


Hic ibat as I have told you before Simois, I am Lucentio hic est son of Vincentio of Pisa Sigeia tellus, disguised to get your love.”

  • Lucentio page 111 Act 3. Sc. 1 Lines 33-35


In this scene, Lucentio is letting Bianca in on his plan to wed her and win her love. He’s being sneaky outwardly as he is masking is true intent from prying ears by speaking his intentions in between lines of Latin.


Westley conveys his love using a similar train of thought.



“As You Wish” -Westley


In the beginning of the film, Westley was a  farm boy at Buttercup’s farm. Whenever she requested something of him he responded by saying, “As you wish.” Buttercup later realizes this is his way of saying, “I love you.”

Westley is discreet, much how Lucentio was, in professing his love. Both men confessed their love in ways that would only be understood by the intended, Buttercup and Bianca. These men are of a strong willed and honest nature and, therefore, are willing to do moral things to get their woman. These moral things can also be construed as romantic, another trait both of these men share.

A difference in the courtship methods of Lucentio and Westley  are the levels of discrepancy. Lucentio’s methods are much more humorous, as they are poorly veiled and obvious to Bianca from the start. Westley, on the other hand, speaks in riddles and codes. It takes Buttercup much longer to decipher the meaning behind, “As you wish.”


“This is the way to kill a wife with kindness”     

-Petruchio Page Page 153 Act 4 Sc. 1 Line 208


In this quote, Petruchio, the master of deceit and cunning, is making a speech to himself concerning the taming of his wife. He means to do horrible things to her, all in the name of love and kindness.

In the Princess Bride, there is a character whose evil tendencies do match Petruchio’s.


“Please consider me as an alternative to suicide.”

-Prince Humperdinck


Prince Humperdinck is Buttercup’s betrothed. He chose to marry her and she went along with it because she believed her true love, Westley, to be dead. In this point in the movie, she knows Westley is alive and tells Prince Humperdinck that she will not marry him and if she is forced too, she will be dead by morning. Prince Humperdinck agrees to send word out to Westley (who is being held captive in the dungeons) that Buttercup wishes to marry him and not the Prince. Of course, the Prince is bluffing and never sends out word, leaving Buttercup to believe her true love abandoned her and that she must marry Humperdinck.

Both men are manipulative. They’re of a cruel and conniving nature. This makes them likely to take advantage of weaker people, as they both did. Although Buttercup, being likened to Bianca, is the one being taken advantage of by Humperdinck, Katherine is the one being abused by Petruchio.

“Why, there’s a wench! Come on, and kiss me, Kate.”

-Petruchio page 221 Act 5 Sc. 2 Line 196


In The Taming of the Shrew, near the end of the play, Katherine makes a speech about the role of women. After her sudden change of heart, her husband Petruchio tells her to come and kiss him. The play then ends shortly after.

Here is the most obvious difference in the two. The movie ends with Buttercup running away with her true love Westley while the play ends with Katherine becoming “tamed.” Both are considered happy endings, for their time period. Although the ends are vastly different, the connections between characters through their actions are still present. Petruchio and Humperdinck both expect their women to be subservient. The relationship Petruchio and Kate has is that of subservient/ dominant. This is the type of relationship Humperdinck wants from Buttercup.

In the end, times have changed drastically since the Shakespeare’s time and the 1980’s. However, the same general human behaviors relating to love and marriage still stand.

Work Cited

Shakespeare, William, Barbara A. Mowat, and Paul Werstine. The Taming of the Shrew. New York: Washington Square, 1992. Print.
The Princess Bride. Dir. Rob Reiner. Perf. Cary Elwes and Robin Wright. Twentieth Century Fox Film Corp., 1987. DVD.

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Taming of the Wedding Crashers

The movie “ Wedding Crashers” is similar to William Shakespeare's “ Taming of the Shrew” in the sense that two guys fake their identities in order to meet women. “Wedding crashers” is a romantic comedy about two guys, John and and Jeremy  who frequently crash weddings in order to meet women. In order to do this, they often have to lie about who they are in order to seem like they were invited to the wedding. This is similar to “Taming of the Shrew” because in the play the characters Hortensio and Lucentio pretend to be different people in order to be with a woman, Bianca. In both “Wedding Crashers” and “Taming of the Shrew” men lie to women about their identities in order to be with them, and this causes conflict for them. It ends up working in wedding crashers, when John successfully gets a woman named Claire to break up with her boyfriend.  Lying in relationship can cause conflict, and may result in successful or failed relationship as seen in the contrasting results of “Wedding Crashers” and Taming of the Shrew” .

In “Taming of the Shrew” Lucentio and Hortensio plan to disguise themselves as teachers in order to be with Bianca. They both collaborate in this scheme to try and be with a girl.


“ You will be schoolmaster and undertake the teaching of the maid: that’s your device.” Tranio, Act 1. sc. 1, 196-198


They are agreeing to work together to disguise themselves as teachers in order to get to, and potentially marry Bianca,  because the plan won’t work for either of them if they give each other away. But their is some competition between them, as they both want the same woman. They have a mutual understanding that allows them to work together, but in the end, only one of them can marry Bianca.


In “Wedding Crashers”John and Jeremy are also planning what their disguised identities are going to be. They need to do this in order to meet girls at the wedding.

John plans the backstory to be “We’re brothers from New Hampshire, and we’re venture capitalists.” John (left), 23:34


John and Jeremy have to plan false identities in order to meet women, just like Lucentio and Hortensio. They are collaborating in order to do this.John and Jeremy’s cooperation with one another, however is stronger because they are not competing for the same woman, like Lucentio and Hortensio.

Lies are often seen through, and the truth is revealed. If Lucentio wants to marry Bianca, she has to find out who he really is. He quietly tells her during a philosophy lesson who he really is and what his intentions are. He does so discretely so that Hortensio will not hear.


His ibat, as I told you before, Simois, I am Lucentio, his est, son unto Vincentio of Pisa, ⎾Sigeia⏋tellus, disguised thus to get your love, Hic steterat, and that “Lucentio” that comes a-wooing, Priami, is my man Tranio, regia, bearing my port, celsa senis, that we might beguile the old pantaloon.” Lucentio, Act 3. sc. 1, 33-39


The charade of Lucentio and Hortensio being teachers was only meant to be temporary. The plan was to use the disguise in order to meet Bianca, and then one of them would marry her. At some point the truth would have to revealed.


In “ Wedding Crashers” Claire, the girl that John is in love with, finds out about who he is before John gets a chance to tell her. John admits everything later, because if he wants to have any chance of being with her she has to find out who he really his.

“For longer than I care to remember, my business has been crashing weddings. I crashed weddings to meet girls.”

This is similar to taming of the shrew, accept for the fact the Claire found out who John was before he admitted it. John did eventually give her the full story of his situation though. When these people lie to meet women, they eventually have to reveal their true selves in order to succeed.


Bianca doesn’t want to marry Lucentio after he admits everything. She tells him that his strategy for trying to be with her was foolish and ineffective.


“ The more fool you are for laying on my duty.” Bianca, Act 5. sc. 2, 143


Lying to a woman in order to be with her did not work for Lucentio nor Hortensio. Lying can cause conflict, and can damage a potential relationship.


Things work out better in Wedding Crashers. When John admits who he is, Claire quietly takes it in. Her boyfriend, Zack shows the general feeling that everyone, including Claire, has about John at that moment.

“ This congregation really doesn’t care about how depressing your life is, John.”  Zack, 2:29:02


Claire initially feels like John is pathetic after he tells her who he really is. She doesn’t want to be with him at first, but she eventually changes her mind. Lying worked for John in “ Wedding Crashers” in the end because he ended up worth Claire.  


“Taming of the Shrew” and  “Wedding Crashers” shows that with lying comes conflict, because the person being lied to feels betrayed. This is a risk factor in lying, but sometimes lying can actually work, as seen in “ Wedding Crashers”. Lying is a gamble, and one must decide if they are willing to take the risk.
Sometimes it is seen as the only popular course of action, like it was  in these two stories. Society does not condone lying in relationships, but sometimes it can actually work in establishing a successful relationship.


Works Cited


Shakespeare, William. The Taming of the Shrew. New York City: Folger Shakespeare Library, 1992. Print.


Wedding Crashers. Dir. David Dobkin. Perf. Owen Wilson, Vince Vaughn. New Line Cinema, 2006. Online.


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Pleasure May Not Always Be The Right Pleasure

Pleasure May Not Always Be The Right Pleasure

Comparing “Taming of the Shrew” to “Deliver Us From Eva”

By Kadija Koita



In the book “Taming of the Shrew” Katherine is one of the main characters is somewhat unfriendly and is completely shut off with the idea that someone could be in love with her. She is a  in the book and seems very closed off to love and anything that has to do with it.  Many people believe she is evil and a “shrew”, thus the name of the book. A very confident Petruchio tries to woo Katherine into marrying him, which may seem impossible, but works out at the end.

 In the 2003 movie “Deliver us from Eva”, the main character Eva, played by Gabrielle Union, has a lot of similarities to the main character in the book, Katherine. The plot of the movie is mainly about a woman named Evangeline Dandridge who is uptight and mean to her sister`s spouses. In order to get them out Eva out their hairs, the husbands get the town`s player Raymond played by LL Cool J, to go out on a date with her for $5,000. All goes well, but the plan is skewed when Raymond actually falls in love with Eva.  One similarity is that many people believed that Katherine was evil and that many people believed that someone needed to “tame” her. Although there are lots of differences, such being that Katherine was never in love with someone prior to falling in love with Petruchio, but Eva was once in love before falling for the movie character, Raymond. Petruchio is being compared to Raymond  who is payed to go out with Eva in the movie but seemingly falls for her in the end. This is the same that goes on in the book, although Petruchio knows he must marry her in order to get the dowry, and Raymond must try and go out with Eva in order to get the $5,000. In these two love stories, it shows that even though many other parties try to interfere themselves in the relationship, the two parties have to be the ones that are truly involved with each other in order for the relationship to succeed.



    

In this scene the three husbands, Mike, Darrell, and Tim have just been kicked out of Tim`s house for watching football. In a prior scene, Eva made them get out after saying this whole speech, just to basically say get out. They think that Eva is so mean and they dislike her so much. She controls their lives and make them feel like they are being controlled. The reason for them being kicked out is because Eva and her sisters needed the room to do a book club meeting. The three husbands had to go to the bar instead. While they are there, Mike  sees an old friend (Raymond) who they think can woo Eva to get her out their marriages. They have a little discussion in the bar and come to an epiphany that Raymond may be the one to get Eva out of all of their marriages. Mike even continues and says “This can work with Ray, the boy is a specialist, he is a master player.”  In comparison to Petruchio, Raymond is in it for the money at first. They both want to woo a lady who obviously has a hard time letting people in. On the contrary, Petruchio has to marry her for her father`s dowry and all raymond needs to do is go out with her a few times to get a couple thousands dollars. Which connects to my next quote from the book.




Tranio says “Ay, mistress, and Petruchio is the master, That teacheth tricks eleven and twenty long. To tame a shrew and charm her chattering tongue.” (Act iii./SC 2/ Line 213-20)


Tranio, Gremio and lucentio can all be compared to Mike, Darell, and Tim, the husbands who need Eva to date someone in order to get her out their hairs. In this scene Tranio, Lucentio and Bianca are all having a conversation about how they have someone for Katherine. At first Bianca is hesitant, but Tranio assures her that he is good and will marry Katherine in a day. In comparison, Gremio and Mike are the characters being compared because they try and find someone that will woo Katherine. They make sure the person has experience in basically charming women. In contrast, in the book, they involve Katherine`s sister in the conversation to let her know, but in the movie Eva`s sisters never know about what is going on with their husbands are doing. They know about Raymond, but never know his true motives. In the book, Bianca doesn't know Petruchio`s true motives either, but knows that Gremio and lucentio are trying to find Katherine someone that can woo her, so that she can get married, and eventually Bianca can then get married. This flows into my next scene to connect more with my thesis.




In this scene Ray is outside of Eva`s job, because he is trying to convince her that he is the one for her and to let him in again. The reason that it is the second time that Ray is trying to be closer to Eva is because Eva found out that he was doing a bet on her the whole entire time and that he wasn't truly in love with her. Although Ray claims that he was by saying “I am never, ever going to find another woman like you.” As you can see Eva is fed up and is now closed off to anything that Ray has to say. This compares to the book because Petruchio, also tries and say something like this to Katherine and makes her feel that he really and truly wants her. Both Petruchio and Ray, seem to use their words wisely into charming these women, Katherine and Eva, so they can ultimately be together in the end. On the contrary, Petruchio never ever reveals to Katherine that the only reason for him wanting her is because he wants her father`s dowry. Petruchio only commits to Katherine because of the money and Katherine never knows that. Ray tells Eva, thus making him pushed more away and for Eva`s wall to be back up. This leads up to the next quote from the book.



Katherine says “Nay, then, Do what thou canst, I will not go today, No, nor tomorrow, not till I please myself. The door is open, sir. There lies your way. You may be jogging whilst your boots are green. For me, I`ll not be gone till I please myself. `Tis like you`ll prove a jolly surly groom, That take it on you at the first roundly.” (Act iii./SC 2/ Line 213-20)


     In this quote Katherine is basically yelling at Petrucio telling him that if he doesn't love her, he can leave. She feels that she needs someone that is really going to be there for her, as to anyone who wants to be in love. In comparison to the movie character Eva, Katherine also explains to her lover that if he is not here to lover her  then they can stop wasting their time and get out their life. Both Ray and Petruchio have had to make their mark to woo these two women. In contrast though, Petruchio walked out right before this scene, which is the reason for this quote. Ray never stopped trying to charm Eva, but was always persistent. Petruchio was not very persistent, often putting his confidence on a 10.




Screen Shot 2015-04-19 at 5.43.34 PM.png

In this end scene, Ray just confessed his true love to Eva in front of everyone at her job. Eva had been lied to and put Ray in the doghouse. In order to woo her finally, Ray had to really show Eva that he loved her, and that was by buying her a horse that she always wanted as shown on the left in the picture. In comparison to the book, both couples ended up being together and either one of the parties confessing their love to their partners. Although in contrast, in the movie Ray confessed his love to Eva in front of all her co-workers, on the other hand in the book, Katherine actually confesses her love to Petruchio in front of all their family and friends. This may be kind of shocking, go off that in the book, Petruchio was the one that was supposed to be charming Katherine and saying that he loved her, but Katherine confessed her love to Petruchio, which was the moral of the title, “Taming of the Shrew”.








Petruchio says: Why, there`s a wrench! Come on, and kiss me, Kate. (Act 5./ SC.2/ Line 197)



This is a later scene,when Katherine has just confessed her true love for Petruchio in front of all her friends and has in a way been “tamed”. She says how she will be by his side and will do as a wife is supposed to. Comparing this to the movie, Katherine and Ray are very similar, in that being that they both tell their lovers that they surrender themselves into loving them completely. Also both Petruchio and Ray are the ones to finally grab their women and say “kiss me”. In contrast Petruchio's tactics are still to get Katherine`s dowry, but Ray has completely dismissed that notion and only want Eva.




Ray and Eva and Petruchio and Katherine obviously all have something in common, they all want something. Weather it be love or money. In the beginning the road is rocky and it seems that the men in both texts are trying to charm the woman, but in the “Taming of the Shrew” Katherine is the one to confess her love to Petruchio. Interference from outside parties may not always be the right thing to do when it comes to relationships, because it`s up to the 2 original parties to truly feel something, even if it`s not there at first.














Work Cited:

Shakespeare, William. The Taming of the Shrew. New York: Penguin, 1977. Print.

Deliver Us from Eva. Universal, 2003. DVD.


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The Trap of the Shrewd: A comparison between The Taming of the Shrew and The Parent Trap

The Parent Trap (1998) is about two girls, Hallie and Annie, who go to a camp and find out that they are twins, but separated after birth, one living with their mom and one living with their dad. When their camp is over they switch places in an effort to try to get their mom and dad back together, so they can all live together. When Annie goes back with their dad, she finds out that their dad picked up a summer girlfriend named Meredith and that they are planning on getting married later on in the summer. Meredith is 10 years younger than their dad and immediately, Annie doesn’t like her. In The Taming of the Shrew, Petruchio is up for the challenge of marrying Katherine, a daughter of a wealthy man because of the dowry that goes along with Katherine. Marrying Katherine is perceived as a challenge because she is someone who is grumpy and not well liked. These two stories show that society’s values around courtship and marriage have not changed because both suitors are in the relationship for the money.


In Taming of the Shrew, everyone thinks that Petruchio is a little crazy when he says that he would be willing to marry Katherine. Petruchio just really wants the dowry from Katherine.


“Then tell me, if I get your daughter’s love, What dowry shall I have with her to wife?” - page 83 (Act 2. Scene 1)


In this scene Petruchio is talking to Baptista, Katherine’s father and Hortensio, a suitor for Katherine’s sister. Hortensio was surprised and confused as to why Petruchio would want to marry someone as crazy and ill-tempered as Katherine. When Petruchio mentions that he has a wealthy background, he also mentions Katherine’s dowry to Baptista. The dowry was either a piece of land or money or both that the father would give to the husband to ensure that he would stay with the wife. Petruchio only really thinks about marrying Katherine because of the money involved with her.



In The Parent Trap, Meredith pretends to be nice and sweet but Annie and Hallie can see right through her act. She wants to marry their dad because he has so much money.


Screen Shot 2015-04-16 at 9.13.30 PM.png

In this scene, Meredith is meeting Annie for the first time. Annie already knows some rumors about why Meredith, age 26, is marrying their dad, who is at least 20 years older than her. The rumors are saying that she just wants the money that goes with the winery that Annie’s dad owns. Meredith is slightly nervous because Annie seems like an obstacle in the way of her and the money. Meredith already has lots of money being a publicist but she has want to always have more, enforcing the idea that more is always better. In this way, she is alike to Petruchio because they are both in the relationship for money even though they have already have a good amount from their families.


“And to conclude, we have ‘greed so well together That upon Sunday is the wedding day.” - page 97 (Act 2, Scene 1)


In this scene, Petruchio has finished talking to Katherine and has told her father that they are ready to be married because Katherine loves him. Katherine, in fact, does not love him or even slightly like him, so Petruchio is flat out lying to Baptista so he can get the dowry and money quicker. At this point in the play, some people believe that he has forgotten about the money and only thinks of Katherine as a challenge to overcome by annoying her. Petruchio must have some concern about the dowry still, because it is a large amount of money and land.



Screen Shot 2015-04-16 at 9.30.57 PM.png


In this scene, Annie confronts Meredith about her intentions of marrying her father. Meredith gets defensive and mean but doesn’t deny the rumor that she is marrying for money. Meredith sees the girls as a roadblock in front of her money, so she tries hard to get rid of them. She is lying to their father that she likes them and that she would be a good stepmother for them. Petruchio lies to Katherine’s father about how he got her to love him, so that Petruchio could get the dowry. Later on in the movie, Meredith mentions to her father about how much money her boyfriend has and how in love with the money she is. This reminds the audience how driven she is for the money and how much she wants to have more and more.


Petruchio seems like a better person because eventually he forgets the idea of the money that Katherine comes with, or so it seems. He then moves on to the goal of taming Katherine by giving her an ultimatum; agree with everything he says or she won’t be well fed. Since Petruchio is stuck with Katherine, after marrying her for the money, he has to figure out a way to live with her and make her tame. Meredith, at the end of the movie, gives the girls’ father an ultimatum; herself or the girls. She gets so fed up with the girls’ antics and tricks that she is willing to give up the large amount of money that their father has for some peace. In both of the stories, the greedy character has to overcome some obstacles or roadblocks that are in the way of the money that they want. In the end, Petruchio gets the money along with the woman, but Meredith doesn’t succeed. In Taming of the Shrew, Petruchio is willing to live with a bitter woman for money and in The Parent Trap, Meredith is willing to marry a man that she doesn’t particularly love for money. This shows that society’s view on marriage and courtship is that people will marry for money, no matter what they have to deal with on the road to money.


Sources:

Shakespeare, William. The Taming of the Shrew. Ed. Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine. New York: Washington Square, 1992. Print.

The Parent Trap. Dir. Nancy Meyers. Prod. Charles Shyer. Buena Vista Pictures, 1998. DVD.


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Time to Make Your Own Life Choices

Time to Make Your Own Life Choices

A Comparison between the Taming of the Shrew and Coming to America

Social justice is a thing that most people strive for. This includes everything from equal rights among different races to equal rights among different genders. The Taming of the Shrew by William Shakespeare is the story of two different couples going down very different paths to find love. One man needs to fight other men off to win his future bride, while another has to fight his own bride off to earn her respect and adoration. It was written during and about a time where men were thought of and treated as superior beings to women. Since then, times have evolved and so have love stories. Coming to America (1988) is a story of a prince fighting tradition and attempting to find a mate who loves him for who he is on the inside. It is a story of love, deception and comedy. It also displays a strong female lead who knows what she wants and isn’t going to let her father stop her from getting it. Women no longer feel like they need men to be their whole world. This is evident by examples such as those present in the movie Coming to America. Many traditions that used to exist are no longer valid. Even men have more say in their relationships as the parents have a smaller role than ever before. As shown by the differences between Coming to America and Taming of the Shrew, over time, women’s and men’s control over their own lives have become more equal.

The main character in Coming to America is Prince Akeem, played by Eddie Murphy. As the movie opens, Prince Akeem is about to be married to a woman he has never met and is very distraught about the situation. Instead of following tradition and marrying this woman, he decides to take his friend and servant Semmi to America where he can find and earn his bride. However, he believes that any woman that knows who he is will act insincere because of his fortune.Screen Shot 2015-04-16 at 8.33.03 AM.png


In this early scene from the movie, Akeem and Semmi arrive in the “strange” land of America and realize immediately that they do not fit in. Akeem wants people to see him as a regular person and knows that his current attire is not the way to do it. He decides to put on a charade where acts as a poor person so that the person he falls in love with will love him for who he is. It is for this reason that I compare Prince Akeem to Lucentio from The Taming of the Shrew. Both are trying to earn their way into their future brides’ hearts by acting as commoners. This shows how traditions have evolved, giving kids more power in their own lives. Prince Akeem showed how times have changed by finding his own bride in the dating world. Lucentio, despite putting on this game, still had to have his servant interact with Baptista, the father of the girl he wants to marry, as at that time, the father played an unbelievably large role in the marriage process.

The girl that Prince Akeem will eventually find and fall in love with is Lisa McDowell. Lisa is the character with the most wide-ranging personality in the movie. When she first meets Akeem, she is romantically involved with another man named Darryl Jenks. Darryl is a rich man, but he is insensitive, slightly abusive and an all around obnoxious person.mQBp1ornAh4y6MaP9dyceXQTJ4I.jpg


In this scene Darryl is trying to charm his way into Lisa’s life. I would compare Darryl to the character Petruchio from The Taming of the Shrew. Both characters are very wealthy and use this wealth to try and control their mates. Another big similarity is that both characters feel the need to lock down their girlfriends or companions because of their beauty and wealth. However, at this time, both of their counterparts do not want marriage, so Petruchio and Darryl each lied to the respective fathers saying that they and their girlfriends agreed to get married. They both say this without their girlfriends’ (Katherine and Lisa, respectively) consent, but each is met with a much different result.

In the Taming of the Shrew Petruchio announces that he and Katherine have agreed to be married to which she responds with a lot of anger and sadness.

“Petruchio: ...And to conclude, we have ‘greed so well together that upon Sunday is the wedding day.

Katherine: I’ll see thee hanged on Sunday first.” (Act 2, Scene 1, Lines 314-316)

Despite Katherine’s obvious and severe protests to this potential marriage, no one seems to care. This is mainly because she is a woman at a time where they received little to no respect. Meanwhile, in Coming to America, Darryl announces the same thing about Lisa. At first Lisa is so upset that she storms out of the room, but when she talks to Darryl next she tells him off and breaks up with him saying that they will never be married. Her father supports the potential marriage because of what Darryl has to offer as a caretaker but Lisa does not care. This shows a huge evolution of the female character in a relationship. They have evolved from people that gets no say in their own lives and are forced to stay with whatever men will have them because they cannot provide for themselves, into real people with real rights who can take care of themselves.

Another aspect of relationships that has drastically changed is dating. As evident by the sudden marriage of Petruchio and Katherine, back then, as long as the father was on board, the woman got no say. There was little courtship of the woman, and a great deal courtship toward the father. In The Taming of The Shrew this very tradition occurs, or so Katherine is meant to believe. Despite the fact that it is not true, Petruchio tells Kate that her father agreed to marriage between them and there is nothing she can do about it. While cruel, this was not only possible, but common during this time period.


Petruchio: “Thus in plain terms: your father hath consented that you shall be my wife, your dowry ‘greed on, and will you, nill you, I will marry you. Now Kate, I am a husband for your turn...Here comes your father. Never make denial. I must and will have Katherine to my wife”. (Act 2, Scene 1, Lines 284–295)


In Coming to America the father figure is Cleo McDowell, an upper middle class restaurant owner and father of two daughters. Throughout the movie McDowell is trying to ensure that his eldest daughter, Lisa, not only ends up with the right man, but also ends up with a wealthy man so that he won’t have to worry about her future. It is for this reason that he pushes Darryl on her, and reject Akeem as a potential suitor (until he finds out he is a prince).


Coming-to-America-em18.jpg

In this scene Akeem is shown working at Cleo McDowell’s restaurant as a common janitor. It is for this reason that McDowell rejects him as a suitor, he wants Lisa to have someone who can take care of her and doesn’t care about how she actually feels. This is quite similar to The Taming of The Shrew where the father figure, Baptista, is trying to find the right man for his desirable daughter (Bianca) and any man for his shrewish daughter (Katherine). Baptista talks with suitors seeing who can offer the most to his daughter Bianca, not caring at all for her happiness, and wants to make sure she has a rich husband to provide for her. Here Baptista explains his rules about selling off his daughters, he wants to unload his less desirable daughter before the bidding for his very desirable daughter can begin.

Baptista: Gentlemen, importune me no farther, for how I firmly am resolved you know— that is, not to bestow my youngest daughter before I have a husband for the elder. If either of you both love Katherina, because I know you well and love you well leave shall you have to court her at your pleasure. (Act 1, Scene 1, Lines 48-54)

The two fathers are very similar in both their tactics and their desires for their daughters. The key difference between the two stories is the result. Because of the social convention at the time, Baptista is completely allowed to sell of his daughters like cattle and they would have to do what he says. Meanwhile, during the time of Coming to America McDowell can push whoever he wants to push on Lisa, but she doesn’t need to rely on a man the way that she would have had to in a different time period. She is free to choose whoever she wants, and even be alone if she so chooses.

Tradition has changed quite drastically as time has went on. Coming to America and The Taming of The Shrew are examples of two love stories with the same basic types of characters, goals, and plot lines and yet they are two stories with such different outcomes. Civil rights have made such a huge difference on the way that people act and think in the 21st century. Thankfully women’s and men’s control over their own lives have become more equal.


Works Cited

Coming to America. Dir. John Landis. Perf. Eddie Murphy, Arsenio Hall, Shari Headley and James Earl Jones. Paramount Pictures, 1988. Online Movie.

Shakespeare, William. The Taming of the Shew. New York: Penguin, 1977. Print.


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This is Why You can't Have Nice Things

This is Why You can’t Have Nice Things

Comparing relationship expectations between ‘Taming of the Shrew,’ and ‘Not Cool.’



The idea of a solid guideline within relationships has been around for quite sometime, justified by Shakespeare’s ‘Taming of the Shrew.’ Petruchio, an eccentric, exceptionally motivated suitor, seeks to win the affection, (or not,) of Katherine, regardless of what she wants. While this is far from the case today, in the 2014 release, Not Cool, the roles are almost completely switched. the main character, Tori, decides that she can ‘fix,’ her old classmate, Scott,  that made high school a hellish experience for her, only to learn that she has feelings for him.


At a glance, Petruchio and Tori almost have very different motives. Petruchio uses much harsher methods, including starving his own fiancee, in order to have her submit to him. while  Tori, unwilling to forgo the cold demeanor she’d built up for so long, uses more subtle methods  disguised as simple gestures of friendship in order to get what she wants. Despite this, her efforts almost always result in the same thing, her attempt to deny any kind of feeling toward Scott, before because of his lack of change, when in reality, it’s because of her refusal of letting someone else hurt her again. This portrays the constant fear that past relationships will often haunt someone, which forces one to become  against love, perceiving the notion that one is ultimately unlovable, even when it is far from the case.



Be patient, gentlemen. I choose her for myself.

If she and I be pleased, what’s that to you?

'Tis bargained ’twixt us twain, being alone,

That she shall still be curst in company.

I tell you, ’tis incredible to believe

How much she loves me. O, the kindest Kate!

She hung about my neck, and kiss on kiss

She vied so fast, protesting oath on oath,

That in a twink she won me to her love.

O, you are novices! 'Tis a world to see,

How tame, when men and women are alone,

A meacock wretch can make the curstest shrew.

(Act II, Scene I, Line 1153 Petruchio)


Petruchio describes the fact that regardless of how Katherine thinks, he will some how manage to ‘tame,’ her, by ensuring she does exactly what he says, has a certain attitude, and ultimately becomes his own pawn. He implies that marrying her, or otherwise keeping her completely under his control will help shape her into another person, giving the audience the idea that she is essentially unable to find someone else that would love her, without proper guidance.


Tori’s take on this approach is almost entirely different, with varying results as she goes.



After confronting Scott one night at a party, and having an encounter while Black Friday shopping, Tori decides to see if she can challenge the previous connotations of Scott’s attitude, and essentially have him gradually change his ways. Hence the introduction of the bucket list with a twist. The list contains different activities that generally hold major consequences, however the entire point, as speculated by Scott, is to loosen up.  It is later revealed, however,  that Tori’s initial intent from the start was to change Scott, in order to be exactly like she was. This gives insight on Tori’s past, which to an extent was ostracized by the fact that most had negative outlooks on her, which caused her to look down at the rest of the world, specifically Scott. These ideas, despite being so small, are a much bigger problem, because they give Tori justification that she is, in fact, vulnerable, and to an extent, unlovable.   This carries out through the movie, and through realizations and actions of her own doing, her mentality is challenged, showing her overall that she in fact, had nothing to hold a tough front over.


Why came I hither but to that intent?

Think you a little din can daunt mine ears?

Have I not in my time heard lions roar?

Have I not heard the sea puff'd up with winds

Rage like an angry boar chafed with sweat?

Have I not heard great ordnance in the field,

And heaven's artillery thunder in the skies?

Have I not in a pitched battle heard

Loud 'larums, neighing steeds, and trumpets' clang?

And do you tell me of a woman's tongue,

That gives not half so great a blow to hear

As will a chestnut in a farmer's fire?

Tush, tush! fear boys with bugs.

(Petruchio Act I, Scene II Line 16)


Petruchio, in one of his many speeches, declares in part, that if a man cannot control his wife, he is more often than not, effeminate, and therefore loses a strong sense of masculinity because of it. The problem with this kind of thinking, is the fact that it leads to a much more destructive mindset when it comes to relationships. These ideas can branch off from extreme moments of insecurity, specifically when feeling as if the opposing gender is better to some degree. By holding what Petruchio considers, ‘masculinity,’ by controlling his soon to be wife, Katherine, he gives himself some form of gratitude that he is far superior to her, because of his gender.


In the movie, this exact mindset is shared by a secondary main character, Joel, who believes that his gender alone sets him apart from the rest, as he attempts to chase after Janie, Scott’s younger sister.



Throughout the movie, Joel has an arrogant attitude toward both himself, and women in general. He feels as though, much like Petruchio, gender alone is a means of strength. This alone gives him a false sense of entitlement, which fuels his attraction toward Janie, motivating him to go to the extremes in order to impress her. While he does, in the end realize his mistakes, the vast majority of the movie is Joel taking pretty immense risks in order to captivate a girl that barely has any connection toward him, for his own selfish justifications. His attitude in general comes off as an entire facade, generated from a semi narcissistic personality, in order to hide major insecurities.


Women have definitely  taken a much higher stand when it comes toward relationships. They aren't generally going to change themselves for someone else, nor are they going to follow closely in the footsteps of Katherine. In a way, women have almost taken to the role of Petruchio.The main character holds the same attitude as Katherine does. She's blunt completely out there, and at first glance, extremely cold. The problem is though, her motives are very different from that of Katherine's which makes this comparison completely useless.


Unlike Katherine, Tori isn't the one being tamed, she is, however the one attempting to do the taming. She, unlike Katherine, stays true to what she really is, while attempting to change and mold the male main character into her own image. The same goes for Joel, in the sense that manipulating himself, in order to hide a false sense of accomplishment, ‘tames,’ Janie, in order to justify the fact that he is worth something and can be loved.




Sources Cited:


Not Cool. Dir. Shane Dawson. Perf. Shane Dawson and Cherami Leigh. Netflix, 01 Sept. 2014. Web. 19 Apr. 2015.

Crowther, John, ed. “No Fear The Taming of the Shrew.” SparkNotes.com. SparkNotes LLC. 2005. Web. 19 Apr. 2015.
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The Tactics of the Shrewd

The Tactics of the Shrewd

A comparison of The Taming in the Shrew and Amélie

Shakespeare’s The Taming of the Shrew proves that deception has long been a tactic people use to find a romantic partner. Lucentio is the son of a rich man who has traveled to Padua and is determined to gain the love of young, attractive Bianca. He disguises as a tutor, “Cambio,” in order to get closer to Bianca while his servant, Tranio, disguises as him.

In Jeunet’s Amélie (2001), Amélie is a very shy young woman who falls in love with Nino, a man who collects and reassembles discarded photos from a photo booth. However, she is too shy to meet him, so she plays a cat-and-mouse game with him, leading him to various places all across Paris and dropping hints about her identity.

There’s a similarity between their motivations, but a difference in their tactics. Though the genders are reversed, Lucentio and Amélie have the same goal: to gain the love of their respective sweethearts. But, Lucentio has to work around Bianca’s father Baptista, who has said that Bianca shall not court any men until her older sister has gotten married, whereas the only obstacle Amélie has to overcome is her own reticence. Amélie and The Taming of the Shrew both support the message that a little deception in a relationship can be a beneficial thing.

“LUCENTIO, as CAMBIO

 Now mistress, profit you in what you read?

BIANCA

 What, master, read you? First resolve me that.

LUCENTIO, as CAMBIO

 I read that I profess, The Art of Love.”

(Act IV, Scene ii, Page 153)

In this quote, Lucentio is disguised as Cambio, a tutor, and flirting with Bianca while it appears that he is teaching her from a book. His line, “I read that I profess, The Art of Love” is a not-so-subtle way of telling Bianca that he is in love with her. Lucentio’s use of a disguise to get Bianca is similar to Amélie’s use of clues in order to reveal pieces of her identity to Nino and eventually meet him: they’re both acts of deception. Their tactics are different though, Lucentio is disguised as another person while his servant is disguised as him, whereas Amélie never actually disguises as anyone but keeps her identity clandestine. This also means that Nino and Bianca, despite the gender differences, are similar in one aspect: they are the targets of the protagonist’s affection and deception.

Here’s an example of Amélie’s deception.

In this scene, Amélie (center) leads Nino (left) across a local park with arrows in order to arrive him at his scrapbook which he had lost when it fell off of his motorcycle, all without revealing herself. She avoids communicating with her partner until it is necessary, unlike Lucentio, who disguises as someone else and then reveals himself later.

“Love wrought these miracles. Bianca’s love

Made me exchange my state with Tranio,

While he did bear my countenance in the town,

And happily I have arrived at the last

Unto the wished haven of my bliss.”

(Act V, Scene i, Page 203)

When Lucentio delivers this quote, it is near the end of the play and he has married Bianca. When closely examining Lucentio’s strategy, it’s surprising it worked. There are many things that could have gone wrong during its operation: Bianca might not have immediately fallen in love with Lucentio like she did, or Lucentio could have been found out by Bianca’s father, or Petruchio could have failed to court Katherine which would’ve meant that Bianca couldn’t marry, and so on. So, even though the scenario where Lucentio and Bianca marry isn’t realistic, Shakespeare chose to write it that way.

Amélie has a similarly unrealistic plan. She creates an elaborate path that will eventually lead Nino to her, but there are also many possible complications: she could lose track of him or he could lose track of her, Nino could lose interest, and so on. However, it worked out regardless and they ended up together.

This shows that both Shakespeare and the director of Amélie, Jean-Pierre Jeunet, had the same idea: they wanted to show that a little deception can improve relationships. The characters they created, Lucentio and Amélie, represent this. As both the play and the movie end, we are left with Lucentio and Bianca, Amélie and Nino, two happy couples who wouldn’t have been without a little trickery.

Works Cited:
- Amélie. Dir. Jean-Pierre Jeunet. Perf. Audrey Tautou. 20th Century Fox, 2001.
- Shakespeare, William. The Taming of the Shrew. New Haven: Yale UP, 1954. Print.
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Does The Family Affect Relationships?

Comparing "The Taming of the Shrew" to "While You Were Sleeping".

In the play  The Taming of the Shrew, Bianca is controlled by her father Baptista because her older sister needs to get married first in order for Bianca to get married. In the 1995 movie “While You Were Sleeping,” the main character Lucy does not have her family anymore until she saves a man that she fell in love with every time she saw him at the train station. His family believes they are engaged because the nurse at the hospital introduced her as his fiancé. She becomes a part of the family until the truth is revealed that she never met Peter.

          The Taming of the Shrew, has a viewpoint where the father decides who his daughter will marry, which will affect their relationship. The movie, “While You Were Sleeping,” shows a different way on how family acts to relationships, than the family from the “Shrew.” These two texts show that family involvement has changed over time because nowadays people pick who they are going to marry, and back then father or his/her parents decided for them instead.

Baptista:

"Gentlemen, importune me no farther, For how I firmly am resolved you know; That is, not bestow my youngest daughter. Before I have a husband for the elder: If either of you both love Katharina, Because I know you well and love you well, Leave shall you have to court her at your pleasure"

(Act 1, Scene 1, 48-54)

         In the “Shrew” Baptista is the father of Bianca and Katharina. Both of the daughters want to get married although there has to be a certain order of who is going to be first. The eldest, Katherina, has to get married before Bianca. The play shows that the family is affecting the potential engagement of Bianca and a suitor because Baptista is controlling who is going to get married first. Katherina does not have any suitors for her bitter attitude, therefore for Bianca to get married, it seems as though it will be a while because nobody wants to marry a witch.

Similar but not exactly like the play, “While You Were Sleeping” also shows that family has an influence on relationships. Lucy, the main character does not want to deny that she is not going to marry Peter because Peter’s family thinks they are engaged, and in love and doesn’t want to upset the family.

Screen Shot 2015-04-16 at 11.45.24 PM

  Lucy does not have her family anymore and she decides who she wants to be with. Every morning she works at the train station where she sees a man named Peter. He takes the train to his work and Lucy fell in love with him right away. She never met him, but in her opinion it was the love at first sight. He was just perfect. When he is pushed on the train tracks by other men, he is not at first aware and Lucy saves his life. When he gets to the hospital the nurse heard Lucy talking to herself about her wanting to marry Peter. When Lucy walked into his room they told her he was in the coma. His family came to the hospital and they did not know who Lucy was, but the nurse introduced her as his fiancé. Peter’s family did not know what was going on, but when they heard from the doctor that Lucy saved his life they were happy and approved of the “engagement” immediately.

         His family became like her family while Peter was in the coma, and they treated her like their daughter. Lucy did not know how to say “no” to being engaged to Peter so she just went along with it. This scenario shows that his family affected their “engagement” because they were inviting her for family gatherings and accepted her because she saved his life without knowing her before.

         This scene is similar to the “Shrew” because it shows how even Peter’s family controls their ‘engagement’ because they accepted Lucy for what she did. The family was so kind that Lucy didn’t want to break their hearts. The only difference between the movie and the play is that Lucy does not have a sister that affects if she has to wait for to get married or not.

Baptista:

"Content you, gentlemen. I will compound this strife. ‘Tis deeds must win the prize, and he of both that can assure my daughter greatest dower shall have my Bianca’s love. Say, Signior Gremio, what can you assure her?"

(Act 2, Scene 1, 361-365)

         Baptista also wants to make sure his daughter in this situation finds someone who is good. He want the best for his kids and in the play, Baptista wants to make sure their daughter will have a good life and not worry about making sure they have things to survive. The play shows that the man should be able to provide for the family. In order for the father to agree on his daughter getting married he needs to make sure the suitor is the right man for her. 

          The movie is a little bit different because the play was written a lot of years ago. The movie was produced in 1995 and shows more of a modern relationship.

Screen Shot 2015-04-16 at 11.48.33 PM

         In the movie Peter’s family really likes Lucy as a person. Peter’s grandfather heard Lucy talking to Peter when he was in the coma that they are not actually engaged, but she tells him how she always saw him taking the train. His grandfather talked to Lucy about it and he said that he understands why she did not say anything. He told her that Peter’s family needs her now and she is a good person. When Peter woke up, his grandpa made him think he does not remember her at all. Lucy talked to him after a while, but while Peter was in the coma Lucy spent a lot of time with Jack, who is Peter’s brother. At the end Jack and Lucy actually got married. 

Screen Shot 2015-04-16 at 11.49.57 PM
       The movie and the play shows that family wants the best for their children, but there are times where they might not make them as happy as they could. In the play the daughters could not be happy if the father picked their husbands because it would not be someone who they love, but at the end they marry who they love. In the society back then parents affected their children’s relationship/courtship. It looks like in the movie people pick whoever they want to marry at the end, but also they do not have to wait for their siblings to get married first.

Work Cited:


Shakespeare, William, Barbara A. Mowat, and Paul Werstine. The Taming of the Shrew. New York: Washington Square, 2002. Print.


While You Were Sleeping. Dir. Jon Turteltaub. Prod. Roger Birnbaum. By Sullivan Daniel G. and Fredric Lebow. Perf. Sandra Bullock, Bill Pullman, and Peter Gallagher. Buena Vista Pictures, 1995.

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The Romance of the Shrew and the Submarine

Comparing: 
Submarine (2010)
The Taming of the Shrew​


Romance is a thing that has been molded and reproduced for centuries. Books like the Taming of the Shrew portray romance as a victory and something to be sought after. Petruchio, the leading man, makes it his duty to have the intimidating Katherine as his wife. In the 2010 movie Submarine, shy and observant teenager Oliver wants to do the same thing; seeking the affections of conventionally unattractive girl in order to satisfy his need for romance.

Oliver and Petruchio are alike and different in both motive and character. Their initial idea of wanting to have a relationship are the same, but the way that going after the women they want are almost completely different. Petruchio is a brute and aggressive character who seeks to have Katherine as his wife for his own personal gain. This is very much Oliver’s initial reason for wanting to be with Jordana as well. While the motives are the same, the actions are different, these two situations make room for exploring society’s view on relationships, love, and how they are presented with the opposite sexes. More specifically, that true relationships are built on love, not by manipulation or force, and that women have more control in relationships than they had before.


“Few words suffice. And therefore, if thou know one rich enough to be Petruchio’s wife (as wealth is burde  of my wooing dance...She moves me not, or not removes at least affection’s edge in me, were she as rough as are the swelling Adriatic seas. I  come to wive it wealthily in Padua; If wealthily, then happily in Padua.”

-Petruchio (Act 1. Scene 2. Page 53. Lines 67-77)

During this scene, Petruchio  meets with Hortensio, who brings him with the option to marry Katherine. Petruchio, whom is introduced as a arrogant and violent (moments before he was hitting Gremio), learns that Katherine is wealthy. He then sees her as an opportunity to become even more wealthy despite not loving her. In this quote, he describes how regardless of how terrible she is, that he will pacify her even  into obedience when they marry. None of the other characters in the scene object to this, most likely because men being in charge of relationships was a common thing during the time period.

The main character in Submarine, Oliver Tate, finds himself with a similar mindset when he is introduced to his love interest. The deliverance is different, but the intent is very much the same.

Moments before this scene, Oliver Tate is reminiscing about how he wishes to be popular and beloved when he dies. Along with this, he believes that having a girlfriend would add to his fantasy. When he first comes across Jordana Bevan, he already has his mind made.

“Her only real flaws are is her sporadic bouts of eczema Other than that, she has many qualities. She never speaks about herself. She could be anything. She's moderately unpopular, which makes a romance between us more likely. She's also a girl - to be seen with her would improve my street cred, which, though high, could be higher.”

Despite the movie and play being centuries apart,  Oliver and Petruchio manage to share a similar viewpoint on women and relationships. Both of them want to be in a relationship not based on love, but on social status. If Oliver dates Jorana, his popularity amongst his peers and family will increase to the point that when he dies, he will have a legacy. Petruchio wants to marry Katherine so that he will become even richer than he already is. However, Oliver chooses Jordana because he believes she is lower than him on the social totem pole. He mentions that she is “moderately unpopular” while his “street cred” is already high (but could be higher). Petruchio knows that Katherine is rather wealthy. He chooses her not because she is lower than him, but  because she will make him richer.

In both the film and book, the men are taking control even before they are actually in their fantasized relationships. Neither Jordana or Katherine have given consent to the relationship. It has already been decided for them.  Both the Shrew and Submarine are reinforcing the idea that men are in control of the relationships they are in. However, the paths that Petruchio and Oliver take into getting the women to like are completely different. Petruchio initially starts out with kindness, which is painfully fake, and then immediately begins using force on Katherine. Olive however, never forces Jordana to do anything. He instead does everything that she wants him to do in order to get her attention and is kind to her despite her repeated rebuffs. Oliver and Jordana eventually end up in a relationship where he is mostly infatuated with her and she accepts his feelings as well. Oliver forgets his initial reason for wanting to date her and even ignores his friends that tell him to break it off. Katherine and Petruchio have a relationship built off of the greed of Petruchio and misery of Katherine. The contrasts between these two sets of relationships show that modern relationships are created with two consenting people and not force from another. Not only this, but that women have way more control over their relationships than they did in the past.

The moments in the movie that ensue after Oliver sees Jorana and tries to get her to date him is what adds the humorous aspect. While the viewer knows that Oliver is not experiencing the “love at first sight” trope, they still want to see what ensues afterward.

“Pluck up thy spirits. Look cheerfully upon me. Here, love, thou seest how diligent I am, to dress thy meat myself and bring it thee. I am sure, sweet Kate, this kindness merits thanks. What, not a word? Nay then, thou lov’st it not. And all my pains is sorted to no proof.”

Petruchio (Act 4. Scene 3. Page 167. Line 39-44)

This is one of the scenes where Petruchio is putting on his act of kindness, trying to woo and tame the “dreadful” Katherine. However, things aren’t going as expected. Katherine is rebuffing his acts of kindness with her usual condescending and rude language. It is clear in this moment that Katherine does not love Petruchio, and that no act of kindness will twist her since she does not love him.

Oliver’s ways into getting Jordana to love him varie. Throughout their relationship, he shows her kindness and understanding, much like Petruchio. However, the ways in which he shows this kindness are not fake. When Jorana realizes this, her tough exterior begins to soften, which deepens their relationship.


Oliver asks her to have sex with him, but Jordana asks for reasons why she should. Oliver writes on his hands three reasons, but Jordana ends up crossing off the first one which reads “You’re fatally in love with me”. Jordana knows that she likes Oliver, but she isn’t in love with him. Despite saying this, Jordana ends up having sex with him anyway.

In most modern day societies, many would agree that a man and woman in a relationship should love one another. In Jordana and Katherine’s cases, they aren’t in love with their significant others. Jordana may be technically Oliver’s girlfriend, but Jordana does not have as strong feelings for Oliver as he does for her. Jordana seems to like Oliver because of the things he does for her and the way he treats her. She doesn’t actually love Oliver as a person. This is why the relationship eventually falls apart. Jordana takes advantage of the fact that Oliver is in love with her and uses him to her full advantage. Thus proving that real relationships are built on true love and not force or manipulation. If Jordana existed during the Shrew’s time period, she most likely wouldn’t have had a choice of having sex with Oliver or breaking up with him. Unlike Katherine, who is ultimately forced to stay with Petruchio if she wants to live.

By the end of the movie, the similarities between Jordana and Oliver’s and Katherine and Petruchio’s relationships begin to split.  Oliver love for Jordana deepens while she continuously pushes him away. He sees that his parent’s relationship is falling apart and doesn’t understand why. Petruchio is able to further his agenda in taming Katherine, and eventually succeeds with a submissive wife and vast amounts of wealth to go with it.

Soon, when Oliver turns to Jordana for help, she is nowhere to be found except for a letter in the mail that detailed:

“Dear Oliver, I tried to tell you but I figure you'll only probably believe me if it's in writing. It's over. I enclose my lighter as a parting gift for you. Also, I think you should know, I've found someone else.”

Despite Oliver and Jordana’s relationship ending, Katherine and Petruchio’s lived on. In the final scene of the book, Hortensio and Bianca are having their wedding accompanied by Katherine and Petruchio. To everyone’s surprise, Katherine has been tamed and obeys everything Petruchio says. Petruchio even has Katherine prove to everyone that she has changed.  

“Katherine, I charge thee, tell these headstrong women

What duty they do owe their lords and husbands.”

-Petruchio (Act 5, Scene 2, line 2638, page 154)

With this, Katherine then gives a long speech about how women should obey and submit to their husbands.

By the end of the book, Petruchio claims his victory and Katherine accepts her fate as his wife. Oliver eventually accepts the fact that Jordana doesn’t love him and they decide to stay friends. The difference between these two conclusions is that the time period effect how everything is carried out. Katherine and Petruchio both know they did not love each other. Petruchio saw her has a prize to win and Katherine was forced into marrying him. During Shakespeare’s time, arranged marriages were common and women usually had no decision on who they were to marry. The marriages were not built on love, but on social status and survival (Petruchio wants to marry Katherine in order to gain wealth and raise his position in society, and Katherine is forced into marrying him in order to survive). When looking at Oliver and Jordana’s relationship, everything is flipped. Oliver initially wants Jordana to be his girlfriend as a means of social status as well. He even takes the same route as Petruchio and tries flattering Jordana from the beginning. But the difference is that these behaviors are apart of Oliver’s character and are therefore genuine. He genuinely falls in love with Jordana. But the relationship falls apart because Jordana is not in love with him.

The book the Taming of the Shrew and the film Submarine both present that relationships only work when both members love each other. Not only this, but that women have way more control in their relationships than they did before. Katherine does not have the choice to leave Petruchio, while Jordana does. Katherine and Petruchio’s relationship is forced while Oliver and Jordana’s ends because it is one sided love. Modern audiences would feel satisfied with the ending of Submarine because it shows that love is what holds two people together, not abuse or force. The four hundred year contrast between these two art forms present that society's views on relationships and women's roles have definitely changed for the positive.

Works Cited

Shakespeare, William, and Thomas Goddard Bergin. The Taming of the Shrew. New Haven: Yale UP, 1954. Print.



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The Three M’s; Maturity, Money, and Marriage.



The Three M’s; Maturity, Money, and Marriage. 

Comparing:

Play: “The Taming of the Shrew”

Movie: “Life Partners”


In the classic Shakespearant play, “The Taming of the Shrew” one of the main characters, Katherine represents the shrew who is a stubborn woman who is forced to mature before she is ready so she can have a proper marriage. She is forced into a relationship that she doesn’t want to be in because her father is convinced that a man named Petruchio is a good match for her. This is due to his proclaimed wealth and his ability to tame Katherine. Petruchio is really just marrying Katherine for her dowry. Furthermore, there are many themes in this play that transcend into modern day movies. Characters like Petruchio and Katherine are timeless, and in the movie “Life Partners” one of the main characters (Sasha) is thrown into a very similar situation as Katherine.


She struggles of being viewed as an immature person or as a “shrew” because she doesn't have a secure job nor does she date mature women, plus she is almost thirty.  For both Katherine and Sasha, their immaturity affects their relationships. In the movie, Sasha and her best friend Paige are extremely close, but once Paige gets a serious boyfriend the dynamics of their friendship change. Paige starts spending more time with her boyfriend, but also starts to see that Sasha is actually really immature because she doesn’t have a secure job nor a secure relationship. She starts to try to change Sasha and tries to tell her to date more mature women. Paige and Petruchio are similar because they are dishonest to their friends/partners, but Paige never uses any manipulation tactics on Sasha. In the play, Petruchio manipulates Katherine by not giving her what she wants or needs unless she politely agrees with him.


In “The Taming of the Shrew” people are trying to change others or themselves for their own benefit. The characters in “The Taming of the Shrew” care more about wealth and their societal duty to marry while the characters in “Life Partners” are looking out for the well being of each other. This shows that in present day society happiness is more important in relationships rather than just fulfilling the need for wealth, the duty to marry, or personal benefit.



Act 2. Sc. 1 Line 342

Page: 99


Petruchio:

“We will have rings, and things, and fine array…


In “The Taming of the Shrew” it is imperative that a suitor has money. The girls family must have money and the man must also be well off. The more money or valuables the more suitable that person is for marriage. Petruchio in this scene is bribing and manipulating by describing all of the good things that he will come with after marriage. Such as, “rings and fine array”. He does this because he has ulterior motives for marrying Katherine, contrary to Paige who is looking out for Sasha’s well being. Baptista, who is Katherine's father is convinced that Petruchio and Katherine will be a good match because he believes they have similar bold personalities, and also because Petruchio claims to have a lot money. “The Taming of the Shrew” shows how it was important for suitors to be mature and wealthy.  In the play Katherine really does not want to get married. Though, her father thinks she is ready so she must get married. This shows how even though Katherine was not happy with the marriage she had to go through with the marriage because that was the cultural expectation.


Even though “The Taming of the Shrew” was written four hundred and twenty-two years ago many of the key ideas are still relevant today. For example, wealth is cherished at all points in time in history and in present day. Additionally, not only has wealth been important through time, but also unwanted suitors transcend through all periods of time.



This scene consist of Sasha, Paige, and a suitor who are all attending a party which Paige is hosting. Paige has arranged for Sasha and the suitor to have a blind date, but Sasha doesn’t know about the set up. Sasha, who is on the right of the picture, has just been dumped by a girl she really adored. This has caused her to be bitter towards all girls and relationships, which is similar to Katherines bitterness after she had to marry Petruchio.


Moreover, Sasha does not show any sign of interest towards her suitor, and is very detached the entire time. This is similar to how Katherine acted towards Petruchio when they first met. Their first interaction just consisted of constant quarreling and fighting because Katherine really did not like Petruchio. However, in the movie, the suitor just angrily leaves after overhearing Sasha complaining about her to Paige. This shows how Petruchio and the present day suitor are not alike at all.


Paige however is certainly similar to Petruchio because Paige and Sasha fight and insult each other to the point where Sasha leaves and they don’t talk for a long period of time. Overall, Paige sets up and fights with Sasha because she wants Sasha to be with someone who is mature, even though Sasha doesn’t see it this way. Sasha interprets Paige’s help as someone trying to control her, which is very similar to how Katherine felt with Petruchio as well.   


Act 2. Sc. 1 Page: 97

Lines 320 through 326


TRANIO

“Is this your speeding? Nay, then, good night our part.”


PETRUCHIO

“Be patient, gentlemen. I choose her for myself.

If she and I be pleased, what’s that to you?

'Tis bargained ’twixt us twain, being alone,

That she shall still be curst in company.

I tell you, ’tis incredible to believe

How much she loves me. O, the kindest Kate!”



In this quote Petruchio is lying to Tranio and Baptista about how in love Katherine and him are. Petruchio is trying to operate the situation to his benefit to show Baptista how Katherine actually has a chance of being less of a shrew. However, he really just wants to marry Katherine for her dowry. Not only did lying about all of his wealth help him marry Katherine, but so did lying about Katherine actually being a nice person in private. Thus proving how society sees people as suitable to marry once they are wealthy and once they are mature rather than people marrying when they truly feel happiest. Petruchio married Katherine for money not because he actually was happy nor did he actually love her.



Sasha starts to date a girl who is very artistic and very self centered. She is according to Paige, not mature enough for Sasha to be dating. Paige can’t help but lie to manipulate things to make them go how she think they should.



At one point in the movie Sasha is dating a girl named Vanessa who is shown as a very immature artist who has extremely over-the-top ideas. In this scene, Paige and her boyfriend (Tim) go out with Sasha and Vanessa. Later in private, Paige and Tim discuss how much they hate Vanessa, and how Sasha really needs to date someone more mature. This is different from “The Taming of the Shrew” because Katherine never dates anyone else that makes anyone notice how immature she is. It is just Katherines personality that makes people believe she is rude and immature. However, this scene relates to the quote from the play because Petruchio is lying about how happy they are, similar to how Paige tries to lie to Sasha and tell her how much she really likes Vanessa. She does this so Paige doesn’t know that she already has a hidden agenda of setting Sasha up with someone more mature/wealthy. Overall, Paige is very much like Petruchio because she is trying to control and change someone/something that she really has no right to change. Petruchio and Paige like to control people and situations very much. However, Paiges actions show how she cares about her friends happiness and wants her to be in a better relationship, while Petruchio actions and lies show how he does not care about Katherine’s feelings.


“The Taming of the Shrew” has many timeless elements that really show how much and how little humanity has changed as an entirety. Wealth is something that will continue to be a major part of everyones life. No matter if one has it, or if one does not have it, if one cherishes it, or if one looks down upon it. Money will always be a central part of humanity and therefore a central part of dating. As shown by Petruchio and Paige, society carries an attitude that the more money, the more put together a person is. Paige views Sasha and the girls Sasha dates as immature because they do not have full time jobs.  People use the idea of money to manipulate or to make other people feel bad. Katherine and Sasha were both women whose immaturity kept them from having an acceptable relationship. Petruchio used money and his controlling personality as a way to manipulate others so that he could get his way, while Paige truly just wanted Sasha to have a happy mature relationship. This shows how now people today look more for happiness rather than just duty or personal benefit in relationships.


Works cited:


Life Partners. Dir. Susanna Fogel. Perf. Leighton Meester and Gillian Jacobs. Magnolia Pictures, 2014. Netflix.


Shakespeare, William. "Act 2. Sc. 1 Page: 99 Line 342." The Taming of the Shrew. New York: Washington Square, 1992. 1-251. Print.


Shakespeare, William. "Act 2. Sc. 1 Page: 97 Lines 320 through 326." The Taming of the Shrew. New York: Washington Square, 1992. 1-251. Print









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Wooing, Charming, and Taming




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Wooing, Charming, and Taming

Comparing “Taming of the Shrew” to “50 First Dates”


In “The Taming of the Shrew” the idea of a man pursuing and trying to woo a woman is still present today. The character Petruchio is very persistent in having Katherine as his wife and to make her his. Similarly in the movie, 50 First Dates, the main character Henry makes up his mind to woo Lucy who has short term memory less, so he has to win her over again every day.


Petruchio and Henry have both set their hearts on the woman of their choosing, however the way they approach their each individual situation with different tactics. Petruchio’s problem is the fact that Katherine is very adamant on resisting him, but that makes it easier for him to push her towards him. He finds her weak points to get her to comply with him. However, Henry has to come up with new ways each day to win over Lucy due to the fact that she does not remember anything the next morning of each day. Both situations have humorous context and also different ideas of male courtship and dating. Both of these show that society believes in male determination to get what they want no matter what the obstacle and that to win over a female there has to be persistency until she gives in.



“The poorest service is repaid with thanks, And so shall mine before you touch the meat.”

(Act 4 Sc. 3 (p. 164) lines 46-48)


In this quote, Petruchio is making Katharine say thank you to him for giving her food, even though he is the one who has deprived her of it. This is one of his tactics he uses for her to comply to him or else she would face consequences that she would not like. By making her behave and earn the things she wants to do he is able to “tame” Katherine and her resistance towards him.




Henry finds himself in a situation where he tries to have breakfast with Lucy each day, using different methods to approach her.


In this scene, it is one of the many days Henry has tried to find a way of having breakfast with Lucy. He pretends to cry which catches the attention of Lucy, and she approaches him asking if she can help him. He then continues to “cry,” and say, “I can’t read,” as he is looking at a menu. He pretends to struggle to read it and Lucy seeing this offers to help him how to read and asks him to join her for breakfast. Similar to Petruchio, he manipulates the situation which would bring Lucy to him and she would be the one giving him what he wants.  Petruchio is is using love for selfish reasons while Henry never intended for it to happen in the first place.


His different attempts to catch Lucy’s attention adds humor throughout this part of the movie and also shows the audience that he is doing exactly what he said he wouldn’t do, which is fall for a local. In this situation, he too is making himself fall in love with Lucy without realizing it.




“It shall be moon,or star, or what I list. Or e’er I journey to your father’s house.”

(Act 4 Sc. 5 (p.187) lines 7-10)

Petruchio is twisting his words around to test Katherine on how well she obeys him. He says the moon is shining when it is actually the sun. When Katherine goes to correct him, he threatens that she must believe what he says it is or else they will never make the journey to her fathers house. He tells her there will be consequences which makes Katherine vulnerable to agree to what he says. He doesn’t let go until she agrees with him.



However, Lucy’s loved ones are prohibiting Henry from pursuing anything with her because of her short term memory loss and they want to protect her. Henry is warned to stay away from her.


This scene is a part of an ongoing routine of Henry trying to meet Lucy and talking to her even after her dad had told him to stay away from her. He agrees to not go back to the diner where he used to meet her. Henry thinks of an alternative way, which is by using different methods like this scene where he gets his friend to beat him up in the middle of the road to catch Lucy’s attention. He does so successfully, and Lucy comes to the rescue and beats Henry’s friend with a bat. His new ways of coming up with a way to get Lucy to notice him and talk to him helps him to spend time with her. In “Shrew,” Petruchio is directly trying to get Katherine to be his while Henry is indirectly trying to just spend some time with Lucy no matter what it takes.



In the end, all of Henry’s attempts to get Lucy to live a normal life and to help her with her memory pays off. Henry decides that he loves Lucy too much to ever leave her, so even though her memory does not come back he helps her remember everything every morning by videotape that has all their moments together. This helps the audience see that persistency and wins over in the end. In “Shrew,” Petruchio gets Katherine to obey him after pushing her around and getting rid of her rebelliousness.






Work Cited:

Shakespeare, William. The Taming of the Shrew;. Washington Square, 1992. Print.

50 First Dates. Columbia TriStar Home Entertainment :, 2004. Film.  


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Jade Schweitzer Q3

This quarter, art class aside was very difficult for me for many different personal reasons, and that defiantly had an effect on my productivity in art. I completed my assignments, although my work seemed to come out differently. More smooth, utilizing more curved lines, and softening my usually harsh lines. Most of my inspiration and my idea this quarter came from things I am used to seeing everyday, like ashtrays, snails, and snakes. Using these memories helped to calm me down, and made concentrating on making them look as realistic as I could in the moment much easier. I took steps this quarter to try and improve on areas I had little to no comfort in, such as drawing people in general, let alone creating a self portrait, as well as working on physical textures, like the scales on my snake. 
Overall this quarter I expanded my comfort zone, learned new techniques for creating my art, and became more willing to share and get my art critiqued by peers.  
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La Familia de Wes: Kate Kopf

Wes tiene una familia un poco grande, pero súper chévere. La familia de Wes es muy simpático, pero es molesto a veces. La familia inmediata del wes consiste en dos hermanos, sus padres y un gato. Los hermanos de Wes se llama Levi y Eloise. Levi siempre juega videojuegos, y Eloise dibuja mucho. Los padres de Wes se llaman Eric y Siobhan, ellos construye y va de compras. Wes también tiene un gato. Él nombre es Peanut, y él a veces tiene una actitud.

Wesley también tiene muchos primos y tíos. Ella tiene dos primos, una prima, y cuatro tíos y tías. Danny y Alisha cocinan, y Danny le gusta comprar zapatos. Connor y Christian son los hijos de Danny y Alisha y ellos juegan videojuegos y duermen a veces. Keith y Casey son casado también y ellos les gustan dibujar y observación de aves. La hija de Keith y Casey, Reagan le gusta comer. Los abuelos de Wes, se llaman MeMom y PopPop, por los niños. MeMom y PopPop han estado casados mucho tiempo y son muy felices. Ellos viven en Maryland juntos. MeMom y PopPop son los padres de Alisha, Eric, y Keith. 

La familia de Wes vive en todo el mundo, y más. Viven en todas partes, desde California hasta nueva jersey. Melissa y Paul, los tíos abuelos viven en Nueva Jersey. Los otros tíos abuelos viven en soleada california. Los abuelos y primos de Wesley viven felizmente en Virginia. Los tíos de Wesley viven en Tennessee. El resto de la familia vive en Filadelfia con Wes, Levi, Eloise, Eric, y Siobhan. Danny y Alisha viven en nordeste Filadelfia, y Keith y Casey viven en Upper Darby Filadelfia.

La familia de Wes es promedio de tamaño, pero no está lleno de gente promedio. Los personas en la familia de Wesley Midgett son muy chévere y impresionante. La familia tienen un montón de gente inteligente y creativa. Wes es muy feliz y ella ama su familia.

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Art Q3 Reflection

This quarter in art, I feel as though it went subsequently okay. I feel as though I accomplished drawing a straight line, and improved my art drawing skills. If I could do this project again, I would get a different perspective for the whole thing. I think based off her picture, Yafang's drawing was really successful because her drawing is perfectly centered and captures the room perfectly. One point perspective, I learned is really diifficult, and also makes so many drawings really 3D. 


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Q3 Art

I believe it is an artist duty to bring joy to the world by bringing about a new perspective. In my art I strive to inspire imagination in the eyes of the viewers through creative and inspirational design.
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