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What If?

Daily Motion Pictures PDF
The point of divergence of my project was that G.M.B. Dobson, creator of the photoelectric spectrometer dies of influenza in May 1927. Through his invention, the world learned about the ozone layer, and the harmful affects that it has on humans. Media erupted with news about the ozone layer depletion, and what that meant for safety precautions. Things such as sun screen were invented to protect the UV rays from damaging our skin.

The world would be in an entire frenzy. The world eventually would die off from skin cancer. Research shows that skin cancer has a specific strand that can imbed itself into DNA, therefore passing it on to other generations. The vision was that anyone over the age of 50 definitely has skin cancer, because there was no sun screen, precautions, etc. taken to prevent these things from happening. That also means that all the generations below also have that strand of DNA. The life expectancy decreases, along with the population, and the world looks similar to the movie I Am Legend. The major difference is that, there are no zombies. The way that strand gets into DNA was one of the most interesting things I learned from this project.

The historical records of G.M.B. Dobson are very few. There are pictures, but very few quotes besides magazines. I had to rely on text book information and things such as that to gather extrapolations. This individual changed the system of life we know of today. Even though the ozone depletion didn't stop the world from continuing to destroy it, but at least everyone is aware of the concept of Going Green.

If I had to do this project over again, I would change the way I presented the radio show. I liked how it looked for the website, but if I had the help/resources I needed, I would have recorded a live radio show, and made it feel more real. However, I already had a listening piece, and I thought the audio+video approach would go better for the website. Overall, I enjoyed creating my final product. I wish I could have shown more pictures of "present day", but I didn't want to take too much from previous movies or clips to express that. I would rather the viewer have the option to picture a world so small that everyone knows each other.
[Back Up] URL:
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Artist Statement:

For our last quarter in art we were given 6 similar but different art projects. 3 of which were under the topic of abstract and the other 3 were observation drawings. At first I was confused as to how I should go about my abstract drawings. After researching different paintings and drawings I was able to get an idea of what I would do. My favorite abstract projects were the photographs I feel that my drawings don't show the same emotion as my photographs do, they speak more to me. During the time that I would draw I would need to find inspiration and I found little of it. While on the other hand I would be able to find paint and mix it and find so much uniqueness with in the mixture. For my observation drawings I found that I was able to use lessons from our 9th grade year and put it to work. My favorite art piece would have to be the landscape drawing in which I was able to see more artistic ability with in me that I thought I didn't have. I was able to capture details from the view of a window and show a sections of Philadelphia's center city. Through out the time that I drew the landscape drawing I was able to connect with a different aspect of life and leave reality. If I were to enhance this art piece I would draw what I saw and not what was there. 

​Below are my art projects: 

Abstraction Emotion-
Art 3.
​Abstraction Motion
Art 54.
Art 1
​Observation Drawing - Close up drawing
​Observation Drawings - Landscape
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English Journal #15: 

I want to write about colors. Green trees, blue skies, white clouds, my pink shirt. Colors. I want to write about sunshine and happiness. We shouldn't think about yesterday, or 3 days from now. We should be thinking about this moment and the wonderful things we can make out of today. I want to write about now. Sometimes things are too stressful that we get caught up in that. I do that too, benchmarks, softball, and relationships. I want to write about taking a step back and enjoying life for what it's worth. 

English Journal #26: 

My own poem: 

We don't know what we get ourselves into 

So we have to kids the mistakes we wish we 

never made. 

Tomorrow's a brand new day. 

A new day of insecurities, worries, and 

mistaken identity.

A new day of fear that people will

find out who we really are inside.

We don't know what we get ourselves into. 

The fake smiles, and constant agony of already of 

trying to be "better" than we

already are. 

We all have something to hide. 

English Journal #43:

"One boy told me" write 3 lines that stand out.

- We're all poets when were little 

- Oatmeal cookies make my throat gallop.

- I do and don't love you, isn't that happiness?

Write a story incorporating one of the lines: 

Oatmeal cookies make my throat gallop. The crunchy taste, gets richer with each bite. The coarse texture, bumpy but fragile. But if broken, crumbs everywhere. On your favorite shirt, stuck to the corner of your mouth, and all over the table. Then comes mom, sponge in left, paper towel in right. She cleans you up just right. Just so you can enjoy your favorite cookie, with a cold glass of milk by its side. 

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I don't really remember the inspiration behind my artwork. I painted what I felt like painting at the time. My photography is on a different website and is broken down to different categories. I took pictures of my surroundings and things I wanted to remember. 

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Co-Direction & Stage Management - SLA Play

​Aaron V. Johnson

Mentor: Mr. Mark Miles


For my senior capstone I co-directed and managed the stage design for a play written by Julia Boyer.


My role comprised of rehearsing with Julia and the cast of the play, blacking out the windows in the drama studio, moving the stages from the school cafeteria to the third floor drama studio, hanging up curtains, and managing the stage lighting. My responsibilities differed from Julia’s as I worked behind the scenes while she managed the actors and the props. Originally, Julia and I planned to sell tickets to the play, titled Office 309, but in the end chose to make the three performances free to the SLA community during two Friday lunch periods and one final performance after school on the same day.

Annotated Bibliography:

"How To Direct a Play." Squidoo. Home Entertainment and Theater, 2010. Web. 1 Feb 2012


This website gives helpful insight on how to direct one’s first play. Helpful ideas include finding the cast as soon as possible, hiring a crew of at least three people, depending on how large the set is, and creating a production concept. The most important piece of information I received from this website is the importance of a production concept. To do so, the director or writer needs to think of a piece of artwork or writing piece that ties to the core of the entire play and explain it to the cast and crew. This artwork or writing piece should make everyone understand the ideas behind the play and what types of feelings to create during the production.


"Martenson Edward." Theater Management. Yale School of Drama, 2010. Web.


This website incorporates the idea of audience involvement with the characters’ points of view. It gives the example of giving a brief survey to the audience in advance, before completion of the writing of the play so the writing is relatable and draws people in.


Chaikelson, Steven. "Theater Management and Production Concentration." . Columbia University: School of the Arts , 24 September 2010. Web.


This website talks about process goals needed during the production of a musical or play. A key concept that is mentioned several times in the document is the importance of collaboration. The writers explain that collaboration is important because directing a play takes an ample amount of time and the work should be split in half to avoid stress. Also, more than one opinion tends to be helpful when working on a play or musical because theoretically “Two heads work better than one.”


Brookes, Fran. "The Production Manager." Theater Education. Education Theater Association, 27 December 2009. Web


The article, “The Production Manager” is a detailed step by step process on everything from set crews, characters, to guidelines for directors and writers of play productions. The article also tells the story of two people who work together to make scripts and produce them in front of a live audience. One of the writers also works as the manager while the second doubles as the stage manager. Together they have created an amazing duo that produces up to six plays a year. The two are interviewed by Fran Brookes where they talk about their strengths and weaknesses while working together.


"Behind The Scenes: Production Management." . Shakespeare Production Management, January 2012. Web.


This source is a brief explanation and step by step guide book on how to produce the greatest theater production possible. The first step is to hire and work with people you trust and can rely on. The second step is to find a space that is cost effective and that will also gain valuable customers and audience members. The third and final step is to create something concrete that you are proud of and want to share with the world.


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JMcClain's Quarter 4 Art Blog

Artist Statement: Abstracty Motion. 

I choose to use very vibrant colors for this piece. I found that to me abstract meant bright and for that I used the brightest charcoal pastels I could. I started off with a simple drawing that I did not know where I was going with. It was simply just some circles and swirls never ending in pencil. That was my goal at first. I wanted the piece to at first show some sort of motion happening, without the traditional circle, black and white wheel that looks like is moving. Then I wound up taking those swirls and coloring them with black charcoal pastel. I did not like that very much, so the next time I tackled the project I had used black paint, turns out that came out very good. Some how a very brilliant idea came to my head and I just thought of vibrant, bright, and appealing. I realized that abstract meant vibrant, and striking to me so that is just what I did. This is my final piece. 

An abstract piece that shows motion in a very odd way. 


Artist Statement: Dandelion Dreams

I decided to freely draw something I just came across on Google when I was looking up flowers randomly. I studied a picture of a dandelion, it took my attention and I  tried to replicate it the best way that I could. I concentrated on the dandelion and on a 8 x 11 sheet of paper I drew it on paper. It turned out to be a simple drawing of a dandelion in pencil on a piece of brown construction paper. I know if I would of pushed my artistic thinking I could of been dead on with the dandelion and add color to the flower but all in all I still end up being very content with what I came up with. 

Artist Statement: Leaves

During class one day, I doodled in my book. Excuse me, I found a project I could turn in for Advanced Art however. I drew a leaf. A very pretty leaf, one that is of elegance. Haha. This leaf then bloomed into flowers of leaves. In my notebook I tried doing this in pencil and in pen. I personally felt more connected to the leaves drawn in pencil. That started this piece right here. I first started with one leaf and started making bunches of flowers all over the page with them. I loved the pencil so much I kept it just like this. Because I had chosen a yellow flimsy piece of paper to work on I wanted to add a touch of shading and smudging of pencil to fill in such openings. The piece turned out to be very good in my opinion. I loved even more how it came about just by the boredom of a class for me. 


Artist Statement: Leaves Part II

Apparently I like leaves, and as a fan of nature, I then turned this project into a project dealing with leaves as well. However I have also received this idea from a formally drawn sketch of leaves. I wanted to replicate my own version and this is what I came out with. It took me about two hours, a few differently sharpened pencils and a huge eraser to finish this.  I wanted the leaves to look like the ones you would pick up on the ground just walking by to school. I examined the photo, and took a mental note of the curves, crevices, and gentle lines and strokes. There is always room for improvement however I can say that this piece did come out the best of my ability. I say this because I was so focused on the leaves, that I forgot to really examine the stem that connected each of the leaves. I figured that if I was also to even attempt to color this in I would deter the image and be unpleased with the turnout. I like simple, modern, and plain - straight to the point things so this was a challenge studying the littlest details but on a good note this was a piece made by me and even has my very own signature. 


Artist Statement: Culinary Arts; Baking and Art

Even though, I was not marked off for the 25th of May for my Advanced Art Assignment, I still manage to create and whip up some art. I love baking. Baking is what I love. It is that simple. My Capstone Mentor, Ms. Carmen Castro allowed me to work with her on one of her cake orders for a regular customer of hers. Ultimately, the cake was a fisher man that was in his boat sleeping, not even realizing that he is fishing out the lake a whole car! The theme of the cake was just beautiful. As far as it pertains to art, I helped create the decor of the cake. I made a bucket, an S.O.S. life saver wheel, some worms, and the fishnet. I also made a fish that managed to not end up on the cake but that was okay. In order to do such things I used rolled out white fondant that I had to sculpture and mold into these various things. This indeed was a challenge, however I still managed to create artwork. For the bucket, I rolled the fondant into a ball and then simply stuck my finger in the middle of it to create an opening. I then shaped the fondant into a nicely shaped bucket. I then rolled an extra piece of fondant to create a handle to my bucket. Once that was finished I took some black food coloring and water and created the color gray to paint the bucket with the paintbrush. I did this thing with all of the things I created. For the S.O.S life saver wheel I simply rolled out a piece of fondant and took some red dye and place 8 strokes on it. Very simple and easy. The worms had to be my favorite to make. I ended up with five small pieces of fondant and I just rolled it, then swirl them to form the worms. Then I took the brown food coloring dye and brush some on the worms. I placed the worms in the bucket. AHHHH! Awesomeness. For the fishnet, I simply just flattened a piece of fondant and took a necklace of "Jerry Springer Beads" and embedded them into the fondant to make the print. Lastly, I have a fish. It didn't make out to be apart of the cake but I did make one. It is shown below as well. This had to be my favorite art project of the year. It included the elements of art and baking. Two things that are inevitably added to the career of my dreams... 

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Sazon Penelope y Emily

Waiter: Hola, Que tal?
Customer: Bien, gracias. waiter: mi nombre es pablo, Customer: Hola pablo, mi nombre es
Imelda Waiter:¿Estás listo para ordenar? Customer- Sí Customer- Voy a tener...el pollo sobre la pasta y sopa de tortilla Waiter- Bueno ... cualquier otra cosa?Customer-No, gracias. Waiter- ¿Qué quieres beber? Customer- Voy a tener el coque, gracias. Waiter- bueno.


Waiter- Aquí tienes, buen provincia
Customer-Gracias-perdón? Hay un pelo en mi sopa! Y una mosca! Y el pollo está muy fría!
Waiter- Lo siento mucho! Yo lo arreglo!
Customer- Gracias.

Waiter-aquí tienes, debe ser mejor.
Customer- Gracias


Waiter- ¿Quieres algo de postre?
Customer- Si....Voy a tener el pastel de chocolate y helado de café
Waiter- Bueno


Waiter- Aquí tienes.
Customer- Gracias.


Customer- Pérdon? Me gustaría que el cheque por favor.
Waiter- Aquí tienes
Customer- Gracias.
Waiter- Gracias por la punta, tener un buen día

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Art Blog- Quarter 4

Here are the pictures of the things that I have done:

Facial features
Abstract Motion
Abstract Emotion
More Abstract 
Observation Landscape 

Throughout Q4 art I focused on abstract art the most. The resources that I used in order to create my pieces of artwork were oil pastels. These oils pastels helped in order for me to create a different texture and look than my usual drawings. The main technique that I used throughout this process was smudging the color once it was already on. Overall for this project, the main focus was not to only attempt to draw adeptly but to ensure that I added emotion and enjoyed drawing.

The first picture here that I have done is an observation landscape. I took a picture of SLA and then decided to draw it from the perspective of which I saw it. I wanted to add a car in front of it to make it look more realistic. When adding the colors it was hard to make outlines. The oil pastels are thick and the blending was quite difficult, but overall I think that it came out looking well. When make the bricks, I attempted to give it more of a look by adding different colors of oil pastels and making marks with a pencil inside. This gave the picture more texture. 

When doing this drawing I originally was looking for a picture of abstract when I came across a picture of a women. She was just regularly drawn. I decided to add a little bit of my own flare to it by making the face abstract and adding highlights into her hair. When doing this I made sure to make her face with multiple colors. I think this made it look better as I also included shading. Inside her lips, you can also see the details as it fades out. The most challenging portion of this drawing was the chin. When attempting to making the chin shading I colored too dark. After a while I decided to lighten it up with an eraser so that it would look a bit more natural.

For this portion of abstract, I did two drawings. One of the drawings was sort of a fish mixed with a bird and other designs. The other drawing depicts a flower. The flower picture was really just me making colors blend and closing my eyes and pointing out the first three colors that I saw. These colors were blue, black and pink so I blended them together to make a cool picture. The fish/bird drawing started off with me just drawing swirls, from there I made strokes with the oil pastels and blending colors in what looked like can be a wing. 

The two photos above of abstract motion were suppose to depict movement. I wanted to do something unique that made me feel like my head was spinning or reminded me of walking. So both of these drawings are mainly lines and oil pastel smudges that I made with my finger.In the first drawing I tried to make a flower type thing that add a tornado type feel coming out of it to add more emphasis by adding swirls and making finger nail marks. In the second drawing I also tried to make some things look like they were falling a bit. 

Art = )
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The four pictures in the painting above was suppose to depict abstract emotion. The purpose was to draw what I was feeling. Each picture depicted my moods the different days and how I felt. I focused on this because it was my main aspect of drawing. There was a lot of blending of the oil pastels in all the pictures, but the last. In the first picture I also made eraser marks in the red portion to make a different texture than I was used to. Overall, I feel like these pictures set the tone of my life lately. 
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What If Project

here is the link incase it doesn't show at the bottom

  • My point of Divergence was for George W. Bush to never become president.
2. Al Gore would become president and instead of everything going downhill things would get better. Like the war wouldn't last as long as it did.

3. I liked that we got to change something. I thought that trying to make all of the events exact and have them make sense most challenging.

4. I never knew that George W. Bush did cocaine or got arrested for drunk driving.

5. It can change if things get better or worst.

6. I could've also included a video or something digital.

7. I would start it a lot earlier.

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La casa de perfecto para Judy Colon!

Esta casa está en Miami. Es muy grande, elegante y extravagante. Esta casa es perfecta para Judy Colón y su familia grande. Su familia grande necesita muchos dormitorios y baños. Está cerca de la ciudad también cerca de la playa, así que Miami es perfecto. También está cerca de tierra abierta porque le fascina jugar al tenis. Judy le gusta el tiempo en familia, así que va a construir una sala de cine y sala de juegos.  No esta lejos de la playa pero la casa tiene una piscina porque le encanta nadar y la familia también.

¡La casa tiene TODO!
  • Cuarto dormitorios (una cama, un armario, una tele, una cómoda, juegos de video)
  • Dos baños, una para adultos, una para niños, grande y limpio.
  • Una sala grande, ¡Perfecto para el tiempo en familia! Muy relajante.
  • ¡Una cocina grande! (estufa,horno,microonda,refrigerador y ventanas.)
  • Un comedor, Grande, de lujo, elegante.
  • El garaje, dos carros grande garaje.
  • Porche para familia BBQ
  • Jardín que tiene un montón de flores bonitas
  • “Mini Beach” para día usted no necesitar salir tu casa.
  • l

Q4 Art Work - Prisilla Nieves

Quote: "Anything and everything is art".​

Throughout this quarter, I did a lot of paper work art. It began simple, but I went along with the "simplicity is beauty" quote. A lot of my drawings are random and others could've been designed differently by cutting certain parts of the drawings. It would've added  more design to the piece of art. Two drawings were drawn as a sketch. My favorite sketch would be the mickey mouse and minnie mouse one. color could be added to a certain piece of that drawing to abstract the drawing.

Photo on 6-1-12 at 6.38 PM #2
Photo on 6-1-12 at 6.38 PM
Photo on 6-1-12 at 6.38 PM #4
Photo on 6-1-12 at 6.38 PM #3
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Los Derechos Humanos en Tiempos de Conflicto

Screen Shot 2012-06-01 at 6.47.25 AM
Hola, nosotros somos los voces inocentes y el misión de el sitio de web es educar otros sobre el guerra civil en El Salvador. Nuestra proyecto explicaría como los derechos humanos que eran violado durante la guerra en El Salvador. Por favor, lea las páginas en el sitio de web y aprende sobre la lucha de la gente en El Salvador.

La Link:

Personas en grupo:

Ruben Burenstein
Gina Dukes
Chelsea Starks
Whitney Washington
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Henninger, What If Benchmark

For this assignment, my point of divergence, was that during the Mexican American War, Ulysses S. Grant was killed in battle. This eventually led to the loss of the United Stats in the Civil War. This change drastically changes the history of America. As if this were true, here is a mock wikipedia page depicting the history of the new United States of America. 


For the fourth quarter benchmark for American History we had to choose a Point of Divergence(POD) in America and envision how the US would be different today due to this change. For my POD I chose to make Ulysses S. Grant die in the Mexican American War. This would eventually cause the Union to lose the Civil War because he could not be a leader in the war. Many changes occurred from this loss by the US; the Confederate states seceded, the United States completely cut itself from the outside world, offered no help in WWII, the axis powers won WWII, Germany gained control of all of Europe and North America, The US and CSA rebelled against the German power, and only became the US again in 2007. The United States in 2012 is a country rebuilding itself, reestablishing it's government and global reputation. It consists of 18 states and is not known for luxury. It is only similar to the real 2012 in that the citizens are free people. 

This project showed how important one event can be in history. The smallest change can affect so much. One man's death, in my scenario, changed an entire world's history. There were also small decisions that I envisioned for the project that I could have changed, and then a completely new America could have been created. Every decision made by someone could effect everyone else on the planet and no one has any idea what will happen. This project taught me a lot about why it's important to make the right decisions because it could affect everyone, everywhere. 

The project, in it's entirety, I am very happy with. The project guidelines allowed us to be very created and do almost anything we wanted with American history. I love the timeline I created in my project. I created a very different and dramatic story for America. There are only a few things I would change if given the chance. I would make it look more professional by keeping the design consistent through all on the pages and documents. I also would have added for detail to my historical events. Overall, though, I am very proud of my end product. 


We also had to create three fictional primary sources for the project. The sources are directly available through the document but for your convenience, these are the Direct links to the files. 

New American Flag
New York Times Article
Proclamation of Peace and Secession

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Stewart-McDonald, Sabrina Quarter 4

This quarter I tried to explore different types of mediums and styles. Rather than sticking with what I usually do (pencil with shading); I tried to add more color in my drawings. I usually try to focus on figure and face drawings, but I also tried some other things, like graphics and cartoons.
I'm not too good at abstract, so for my first drawing, I tried drawing a ballerina. I usually try figure drawings to try to improve the proportions I use in my drawings and to try to develop my own technique when drawing clothing. 
I stuck with drawing ballerinas and attempted to display abstract motion. I tried to add some color to the drawing to display a mix of emotion and a type of path of movement. I first drew the piece in pencil, then colored the ballerina silhouettes with permanent marker.
I wanted to practice drawing features and shading on faces. The face I drew isn't proportionate; it was my way of practicing the way the features look (I feel like I am still terrible at drawing lips) and practicing the shading, particularly around the eye area.
I wanted to draw something different than what I usually do, so I tried to draw something that is like a graphic. I really wanted to draw a fountain pen, so I let that influence my drawing. It was mainly black, so I decided to add drops of red ink on the pen.
I wanted to do something colorful, so I drew the dark magician girl. I didn't want to use things that I had at my disposal, so I actually colored it using highlighters and pens.
I saw a picture like this online. There was more to it, but I've been wanting to draw an owl, it was only in black and white and I wanted to add a lot of color. I drew the owl by sight, then inked in the lines with sharpie and colored it in with colored pencils.
I was drawing a face, but I found that I could not draw eyes that I felt fit the face right, so I decided to make it kind of abstract by coloring the girl a strange color and adding a colorful background
Colorful Ballerina
ColorfulGirlMagician 1
Owl 1
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History Q4BM 'What If?'

New Project 5 - Medium
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This is a spin off of 'This day in History' made on

In This alternative History, Christopher Columbus did not discover Puerto Rico, but John Cabot did. The Primary sources that we had to make are also above. 
My Point of Divergence was to have Christopher Columbus, the conquistador of Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic, not be able to go on his voyage. During 1476 Christopher Columbus was almost killed during a shipwreck. But luckily he survived and went on to voyage towards the Caribbean, believing it to be a route to India. He sailed under the Spanish government, which lead to his findings being claimed as Spanish Territories.

One change made by one individual can change the lives of many. If Columbus hadn’t colonized Puerto Rico, then there would be no Spanish on the island of many skins.

I believed that if Columbus had not discovered the Caribbean Islands then others during the time would have. For example, it the alternate past I made, John Cabot, and English sailor, would have gone in a similar direction. John Cabot was the explorer that I had put toward finding Puerto Rico. This would lead to Puerto Rico being an English colonized settlement. Since Englishmen would have discovered Puerto Rico, the name that was given would have been in English and the main language learned would have been also been English. Some of the most significant points would have been Puerto Rico being named St. John’s Island after Saint John the Baptist. ­

My favorite part was researching and learning new facts that I didn’t know, such as John Cabot’s expeditions. Also I enjoyed creating Primary Source documents. The hardest part was finding Primary Sources about such old topics, many were websites announced that the documents had disappeared or been ruined.

The most interesting facts I researched were the reasoning behind why Puerto Rico wasn’t a state, and about the Spanish- American War. During the Spanish American war Puerto Rico was used as a military base for the Spanish and French. If Englishmen had colonized Puerto Rico it would have been used as a beneficial military base for America due to its position in-between North and South America. This would have lead to Puerto Rico being acknowledge at a higher priority rather than a territory of America, similar to the situation with Hawaii. In this alternate past, Puerto Rico or St John’s Island would have become a state because of recognition of its position during the war.

To improve this project I would have enjoyed turning this into a television interview. I could have asked questions about how Puerto Ricans thought that the change would have affected their land, and staged actors talking about the alternative past and future. I would have used both videos and shown how life would have been different for both cultures. 

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Maddie Walls Q4 bmark

my point of divergence(pod) is when stonewall Jackson was supposed to die. i rewrote it that he didn't die but instead live to help change the out come of the civil war. This change would make the confederates win their independence and separate from the union states. stone wall would have helped win the civil war by leading a charge across union territorry to washington DC. they would have worn down union troops and help end the civil war.  going into this project i decided that picking this point in history would have a huge impact on where things would go from there. Because rewriting history to have stonewall live changes so much more then the size of a country it creates a whole new country and changes the way people developed and grew the country. 

I invision that the way things are in 2012 if stonewall would have helped win the civil war would have been a lot different. first of all the united states of america wouldn't exist. there would be two separate countries one owned by the north one by the south. the civil rights union would have never happened in the south because the slaves wouldn't have been released until cost would have out weighed the need which i predict would have been in the early 1900's. people who werent white would probably be treated very poorly and many laws will be made against them. there would also me a more in state government in the south then we are used to now.

i wish i would have put more time into this project i feel like if i worked on it a little bit longer it could have been a really goo product. it was interesting thinking about how such little a change could make such a big impact. i really liked the idea of this project it really makes your brain have to think harder about a certain event. i feel like it leaves you wondering what if things had been alittle bit different what would we be like today. i feel like the most challenging part of this project was thinking about which event you could change to make the impact that you wanted
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What If....the Lend-Lease Act: J. Pullins, U.S. History Edition

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In 1941, the 77th United States Congress proposed an act entitled the Lend-Lease Act, which allowed the government to supply weapons and general support to the Allied nations of World War II. By the end of that year, America was attacked and the same members of Congress who proposed this bill swiftly declared war. With the current knowledge of World War II's influence in both American and global history, one must wonder what would happen if this act was never passed.

Click here for the final website.


  For this project, my point of divergence occurs in March of 1941, when the Lend-Lease Act is not signed into law. Subsequently, due to the U.S. Neutrality Acts signed years earlier, the United States sees no need to enter into WWII, which allows Germany to continue on its path of European domination, and Japan, Germany's ally, on its path of dominating the Asian contient and many of the Pacific Island territories. The rise of global power by Germany prompts it to become a major world power, which causes strife amongst the U.S. and Germany, and two nations often battle for the title of the singular global superpower. 

There are many things about this project that I enjoyed. Mostly, I enjoyed the very basis of it, which is the ability to change history. I am a firm believer in the butterfly effect, which is a theory that states that even the smallest decisions, such as what plant a butterfly may choose to land on, can cause the greatest long-term effects and effectively change the trajectory of history. With this knowledge, I knew I wanted to make a very small change, something that to many, may not seem too significant to do much of anything. However, I would show how after the course of many decades, that small change resulted in a massive shift of history. 

To reference Isaac Newton, every action has an equal and opposite reaction. While this is generally considered to be a law within the world of physics, this is something that can be applied to life as well. All of our lives are plagued with decisions, and the importance of the choices of those decisions are often not realized. I believe every person, no matter their social importance or relevance, has the ability to change the course of national and world history with one decision.
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Today's Impact by Malik Tlili Q4 Bm

*What if the Wright brothers received a toy boat rather than a penaud helicopter as boys.*

  • My Point of Divergence (POD) comes from sources providing the initial interest of flight by the Wright brothers. The interest has came to the wright brothers when they were just boys. I did more research on this topic and found out it was due to a penaud toy that they received as children. I decided to change the penaud helicopter to a toy boat and analyze how this might effect the future. 
  • I envisioned the Wright brothers becoming more interested in floating devices that transport people across large bodies of water. From this interest the boys will discover the "Shoes that walk on water" theory by leonardo Da Vinci. They will make this theory into reality and the invention will be beneficial to modern day. 
  • I enjoyed creating primary sources. Throughout this whole year we have been collecting primary sources from the internet and it is interesting to create our own for once. This was a relief and enjoyable task for me to complete. 
  • The most interesting piece of evidence that i investigated must be leonardo's shoes that walk on water. I found this as a strikingly ridiculous idea but yet possible. I then decided to create a point of divergence involving the shoes rather than exterminating the invention of planes. 
  • Technology is a huge component of history. As technology progresses there are new ways to settle on land as well as protect our land. In this specific POD our 2 individuals have taken the concept of walking on water and used it to help guard the nation's borders. 
  • Our 2 individuals have taken the concept of walking on water and spread the invention all over the world. This means the invention by these 2 men have been manufactured and distributed in large numbers. This contribution leads to a systemic change that benifits our nations military. 
  • I believe one individual's decision can greatly effect history's landscape. As one person makes one decision, others then view the future in a parallel perspective. If this decision were to be slightly different. Every other perspective will change as well. For example the wright brothers were influenced by the penaud helicopter and Da Vinci's perspective of flying. If Leonardo Da Vinci did not have these ideas, the wright brothers will never come across the possibility of flight. 
  • This project can certainly be improved in the effect aspect. If i were to have more time i would create more primary courses that are more modern. For example the tragic events such as september 11th or pearl harbor will never have taken place. This will then change the way we view our nation's security. 
  • If i were to do this project all over i would jump straight to Da Vinci's view of flight and erase it from history. Even though my final product does not revolve around Da Vinci's view of flight, i believe it will still be further investigated by someone other than the Wright brothers.

Click Here for "Created Primary Sources". 

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Rugeiatu Bah "What If" HistoryBMK

            Overall project was what if the Judge that was judging the case died and another judge took his place. In 2012, American citizen realize things were getting old and the segregation wasn't what the Amendments stated. It was time when it was difficult for me to get my thoughts on paper. I really liked the fact that I had to think hard to accomplish this project because when I think about things, I started to understand the point of it and why it’s important.

Some interesting facts I came across was when most African Americans students had to walk 7-10 miles just to get to school they are being forced to attend. Each individual changed history, even though there were some illegal things happening, some people were happy the way African American was being treated. Also it seem like most Whites was okay with the way things were "separated but equal".

 I was confused through out the entire process of putting it together and every time I asked someone they would tell me they are confused too. Show examples more of how things should look like and set up work time with you for help.

I would change the time, I wish I had more time, it not even that I didn't use my time wisely but some people just learn differently from others. This project was one of the project that I really needed help with because things just wasn't clicking correctly, but as days went by, I figure out ways and researched more about unclear things and got it done.

 Click here to view my project.

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What If? History Benchmark: What if Abraham Lincoln was not assassinated?


Point of Divergence

Before President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated his body guard went to get a drink. He left Lincoln unguarded and during his absents John Wilkes Booth shot and killed President Lincoln. If Lincoln's body guard did not go to get a drink and guarded the president like he was suppose to President Lincoln would not have been killed. I chose to change his body guard leaving his guard and President Lincoln dying. 

If President Abraham Lincoln was not assassinated and lived to complete his presidential term he may have been elected to serve another term. Either if he served one or two presidential terms the world would extremely different. resident Lincoln pushed for the abolishment of slavery with the Emancipation Proclamation, although if was far from being over then. Only days after the North won the Civil War Lincoln wanted to give certain slaves (adult males) the right to vote. He wanted rights for slaves and if he did not die the government may have a stronger stand on equal rights. Thus there would not have been Separate but Equal and such legislation that states all humans were equal but not treated equally. Slaves would have been given equal rights sooner and the would lead to equal rights for women and gays sooner. 

The most challenging thing about this project was thinking about changing history. It is something that can not be done and it is a very interesting process to go through. No one knows what would happen if something was changed in history and how the events would change 2012. That is also the thing I liked most about this project. It is so interesting to wrap your mind around key points in history happening a different. The events of the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln changed America drastically.

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