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William Shakespeare, master of his craft, often has many hidden meanings in his plays. This is exhibited in one of his more famous works, Hamlet. To portray these meanings, he uses tones and various other literary devices to get the messages across. A remarkable example is Hamlet’s little ‘State of the Union Address’ just before his encounter with the ghost. Hamlet expounds on the state of Denmark, and his portrayal screams with emotion. The anger hidden within starts to trickle out, building ever so slowly.
“As in their birth (wherein they are not guilty since nature cannot choose his origin),(1.4 / 28-29). A fitting ending to a monologue that touches on everything that Hamlet stands for. He realizes that people, himself in particular, are born with things they can’t control. This can be a disease, a quirk or a position of power. At this point in the monologue, Hamlet isn’t too happy. “As in their birth”- is a reference to a social stature. This includes being poor, rich, part of the royal family or some other class. In this case, Hamlet is the Prince of Denmark and part of the royal family. The royal family is the face of Denmark. Each action they do or do not do affects their reputation. “Wherein they are not guilty since nature cannot choose his own origin”- otherwise read as not their fault, compares Hamlet’s position to those of his peers. He doesn’t want to be in this position nor does he have the choice. Life is like a gamble in this regard.
“And to the manner born, it is a custom.” (1.4 / 17). As the Prince of Denmark, Hamlet has to act as befits a prince. “it is a custom” or commonly practiced, meaning he must partake in these actions regardless of personal interest. It can be deduced that Hamlet is a troubled man with a lot on his plate. To make matters worse, he has to deal with King Claudius and his tomfoolery. Prior to this monologue beginning, it was stated that King Claudius was heavily drinking. To drink and have fun is a privilege that only a country in a position of power can have simply because they can afford it. This isn’t the case with Denmark. “They clepe us drunkards and with swinish phrase soil our addition.” (1.4 / 21).” They clepe us drunkards” quite literally means, they call us drunks. “With swinish phrase soil our addition.” - Hamlet then proceeds to call those other countries cowards and pigs. The actions of the King are not held in high regard with Hamlet, although he can do nothing about it, furthering his anger.
“And indeed it takes our achievements, though performed at height.” (1.4 / 22-25). - These acts are putting shame to all our accomplishments, even though we worked so hard to acquire them, it continues to lessen our reputation. “And indeed it takes our achievements” - this is in reference to King Claudius’ acts of carelessness. “Though performed at height” - a hint at the past, this bit of line shows the struggle and the pain that it took for the royal family to get to where it is. It’s quite possible that they were of a lower social stature and climbed the ladder of hierarchy. Maybe they made rose Denmark to glory. The possibilities are endless, however, Denmark was better when King Hamlet was on the throne.
Family and Honor are one of the many key themes in William Shakespeare’s Hamlet. Emotional turmoil follows each theme and comes crashing down on Hamlet all at once. These emotions, when discovered takes the themes to another level of entertainment. Emotions weave hidden meanings in and out of the lines creating a more dynamic play. When used correctly, emotions can pluck strings in the reader’s/viewer’s heart, causing for a better experience. William Shakespeare, ace of language, is a true puppeteer of emotions.
As Laertes is preparing to return to school in Paris Polonius offers some wise counsel to his son. These words of advice that is offered are a very significant part of the play. The language of the speech and the way it is delivered has great impact on the perspective you receive when its read. Before I read the speech i looked over the things before it and predicted some of the things that could happen after it. This helped me with analyzing the deeper meaning behind the words and not just viewing it as plain text.
I had two different approaches when reading this particle piece. The first time i read it i played the role of Laertes with receiving the speech. The second time i read it i took the role of Polonius with delivering it. Each time i practiced this the words would have different meanings. Just like Shakespeare takes on different roles as the Shakespeare the poet and the dramatist. I took on two roles as the father and the son. As a father i was giving my son instruction on how to conduct himself in the world, to give a good representation of his name and the name of the family. As a son i was receiving these words and tucking them into my memory for future reference.
“There; my blessing with thee!” With genuity and authority this invitation and command is given. The father is allowing his son to go and venture out and take the blessing with him with in his journey. Everything that precedes from this point has much more meaning. “Give thy thoughts no tongue, Nor any unproportioned thought his act.Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar.” The language of the words encourages you to think beyond what you see. You would interpret to give no words to your thoughts but it means much more. Giving your thoughts no tongue, to think before you speak or perform an action. This is a life lesson that could be carried on. Choosing who you associate with too is important and is also emphasized by polonius. The advice that he gives his son is sincere and everything that he says he has the best intentions with.
As polonius continues with his speech he addresses common matters that will appear. I think he make these connections with his experiences that he probably had in his life. Some of the advice given looks familiar because it is heard often. “Beware Of entrance to a quarrel, but being in,Bear't that the opposed may beware of thee.Give every man thy ear, but few thy voice;” We have all been warned to avoid fights and disagreements but if we have to, make them to the best account. Listen more than we talk, and to observe more than we react.
From this speech i got that your character is something that should be valued in all your endeavors no matter what you do. Value your name, your family, and consider the blessings of someone wiser who has more experience. Examine yourself and make sure all your intentions are good and beware of those who might be against you. Receive a blessing and live the best possible life, all of this relates completely to the advice Polonius gave his son before he embarked on his journey.
Act 2, Scene 2: Lines 623-635
For murder, though it have no tongue, will speak
With most miraculous organ. I’ll have these players
Play something like the murder of my father
Before mine uncle. I’ll observe his looks. 625
I’ll tent him to the quick. If he do blench,
I know my course. The spirit that I have seen
May be the devil, and the devil hath power
T' assume a pleasing shape. Yea, and perhaps
Out of my weakness and my melancholy, 630
As he is very potent with such spirits,
Abuses me to damn me. I’ll have grounds
More relative than this. The play’s the thing
Wherein I’ll catch the conscience of the king.
Shakespeare, I realized often likes to use exaggeration and he restates his thoughts for the play mainly throughout Hamlet’s soliloquies. This is a sophisticated and difficult strategy because Hamlet’s character throughout the play is not constant. His emotions and inner feelings for other characters change from scene to scene, however this is Shakespeare’s area of expertise and as always he succeeds in making the puzzle pieces fit together with skill and deftness.The theme behind Shakespeare's play’s are always a topic of discussion and question. After reading the first few Acts in Hamlet it can be strongly stated that the theme behind Hamlet is language and what the human eye should believe. Who should Hamlet trust? Can he trust anyone? Will he be betrayed by those who are the closest to him? Throughout Act 2, scene 2 these questions come up in Hamlet’s path multiple times. Hamlet feels extremely joyous after reuniting with his two best friends from childhood, Guildenstern and Rosencrantz. He feels he can finally enjoy the presence of others and that it will be refreshing to see some new faces. However he starts to doubt his wishes when it comes to his realization that his friends are spying on him, as it is their duty to the new king. Nonetheless, the young prince of Elsinore believes he can use his friends by taking advantage of their presence when Guildenstern and Rosencrantz suggest Hamlet see a play performed by come players they met on the way to Elsinore, Denmark.
Hamlet still distraught over his fathers death, desperately wants to find the culprit behind his murder. Hamlet believing that his uncle Claudius, is the murderer wants to verify his suspicions. “For murder, though it have no tongue, will speak” (622). Because murder is an action that can not speak for itself, it can never be vocally expressed and Hamlet knows that Claudius will never admit through words that he killed the king, therefore murder can only be seen. Either the action being committed itself or the admitting of the crime. At this part in the story Hamlet wants to find a way to test his uncle and see the face of the murderer. He believes that his suspicions will confirm the moment the crime speaks through his face expressions.
Hamlet then formulates a plan to reveal his uncle’s crime. Shakespeare does a very exceptional job as he stirs up a really creative nature into Hamlet’s character in this scene of the play. Hamlet wants to lure his uncle into a trap without giving away his suspicions so he organizes the play. “With most miraculous organ. I’ll have these players / Play something like the murder of my father / Before mine uncle.” (623-625). Again the language theme rises again as Shakespeare orchestrates a play with in a play. He fiddles with the idea that something very unexpected can happen very soon, thus building up the suspense as the audience craves for more knowledge.
Hamlet knows that Claudius can not gain any information about the specifics behind the play. Because as a king of Denmark a minor play is very insignificant and is not of importance. At the end of Act 2, Guildenstern and Rosencrantz report back to Claudius, and they mention how their will be an extraordinary play being performed later by some players that were roaming around Denmark. Claudius is completely oblivious to the fact that Hamlet has an entire scheme in place behind this play. He thinks that the play is simply entertainment and it will get Hamlet’s mind off of other things such as his fathers death.
The following lines of Hamlet’s soliloquy is “I’ll observe his looks; / I’ll tent him to the quick. If he do blench, / I know my course.” (625-627). Shakespeare continues to make sure the young prince proves himself to be more brilliant as the scene progresses. Hamlet knows that the contents of the play will come as a big shock to the new King. So as stated in the line “I’ll tent him to the quick.” (626) Tent, means to investigate by drawing one into a trap. This is exactly what Hamlet believes his plan will do. Claudius does not expect the play to be about the King’s foul death. Claudius also is not aware of the fact that Hamlet will be keeping an eye on him during the performance, therefore he will not be able to compose his face of any emotions. So Hamlet decides to observe his uncle’s face throughout the performance. If Claudius flinches or make a sudden movement during the killing of the king then Hamlet will know if his plan was a success and if his suspicions about Clausius were accurate. Thus creating a new path for Hamlet to follow.
Later in the soliloquy Shakespeare meddles with his use of words and allows the readers and audience to come up with their own predictions on what will happen and where Hamlet’s thoughts are leading to. “The spirit that I have seen / May be the devil, and the devil hath power / T' assume a pleasing shape.” (627-629). After looking at the kings face Hamlets will know if his uncle was the murderer or actually innocent for the death of the king. If he is innocent it will mean that the ghost of the king was actually the devil. Hamlet strongly states that The devil knows how to trick people by turning into someone that one loves and misses dearly just like Hamlet does his father. “Yea, and perhaps / Out of my weakness and my melancholy, / As he is very potent with such spirits, / Abuses me to damn me.” (629-632). At this point it comes to the attention of the readers and the audience that Hamlet may be going mad. He starts to doubt he ever saw the ghost of his father and that he mistook the devil for his father. Hamlet however admits that he is weak and depressed and it was his state of instability that lead the devil to take advantage of him.
Hamlet ends his speech with the words “I’ll have grounds / More relative than this. The play’s the thing / Wherein I’ll catch the conscience of the king.” (632-634). The tone of the young prince suggests that play will give him more to work off of. He will have more proof and knowledge on whether to trust Claudius or not. At this point in his life all he cares about is the play. He feels it is crucial that he know more about Claudius’s thoughts.
Throughout this entire speech Shakespeare toys with language as he brings in a new setting to the story. The questions about trust and doubt come up as Hamlet devises his magnificent plan. Shakespeare switches gears to the prince confirming his suspicions instead of going along with fully trusting his ghost father’s words that Claudius killed the King.
I believe Lord Hamlet, here, is contemplating the value of life and weighing its positives and negatives. To be; live, not to be; die. He processes the option of suicide, which is quite such an extreme option in his circumstances of turmoil. At this point in the play, Hamlet is emotionally spent and he seems a dagger to the heart may be the right answer. The status of this monologue correlates with the beginning of the play. Both start with an intriguing question. In the beginning, Banardo asks, Who's there? This question gives suspense and grabs the audience to wonder what's happening next.
He goes on to say, Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer / The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, / Or to take arms against a sea of troubles, / And, by opposing, end them? [Scene 3.1, Line 58-61]
Interestingly enough, Hamlet still has a logical mindset about suicide. He talks about whether it is better to go through life and have bad fortune and try to form a smile during the hard times or don't tarry in life's conflict, when there's an easy way out; suicide. Unlike Hamlet, Greek mythology figure Ajax killed himself over the general consensus that he wasn't worthy enough to get prized amor against Odysseus. Ajax couldn't handle bad fortune against him and he decided to take the easy way out. But, Hamlet is thinking, Why suffer if we are born into bad luck, we can void this by death. Ironically, it seems that Hamlet hints toward Catholicism or Christianity. His belief in soul's returning as ghosts and murderers destined for Hell shows his insinuated religion. If he were to practice any type of Christianity, suicide is something out of his beliefs. Why would he think of such a catastrophic end.
Hamlet continues, To die, to sleep / – No more. [Scene 3.1, Line 60-61]
His thinks all death is is sleep – terminal sleep. It is interesting to see although his has a Christian-esk moral compass, Heaven or Hell does not seem to be his afterlife; dreaming does. It is as if Heaven or Hell does not play into his circumstances.
Hamlet then said,—and by a sleep to say we end / The heartache and the thousand natural shocks. [Scene 3.1, Line 62-63]
After he's proclaimed that dying is a state of limbo, he says limbo is a closure of the misfortune that happens in life. And, assuming that he vaguely practices Christian beliefs Heaven is not limbo. It does not exist. But, in a state of absence, it seems that that is Hamlet's way of release and he talks about it as if it may be chance at happiness.
After he said,That flesh is heir to – 'tis a consummation / Devoutly to be wished! [Scene 3.1, Line 64-65]
He talks about limbo as if that's where he ultimately wants to be – and soon. And, suicide would get him there on his own time. In lines 60-65, he elaborates on how living is basically worthless because of the bad things that happen. He thinks, instead of dealing with life, and it's trials and tribulation, he'd rather die.
Hamlet went on; To die, to sleep. / To sleep, perchance to dream. [Scene 3.1, Line 66]
He says that since dying is sleeping, one can also have dreams. It's as if this terminal sleep brings dreams that would become the dead person's new reality.
He then recoils his argument; ay, there's the rub, / For in that sleep of death what dreams may come / When we have shuffled off this mortal coil, / Must give us pause. [Scene 3.1, Line 66-69]
Even though death means sleep, and sleeping yields dreams, Hamlet said that there's always a catch, those dreams may not peachy or the ideal. There's no guarantee that dreams will be good and there's always the possibility of them being horrific. So, one needs to be conscience of that in the attempt of suicide, in Hamlet's terms.
The question; is suicide the answer? In this excerpt of Hamlet's monologue, and in this context, he talks about the possibility, the positive and the negatives in his mind. Based on one's interruption, it's up to the reader or audience to decide, but as the monologue progresses, Hamlet contradicts himself.
Act I, scene 3, Lines 14-25
Laertes (to Ophelia):
“For nature, crescent, does not grow alone
In thews and bulk, but, as this temple waxes,
The inward service of the mind and soul
Grows wide withal. Perhaps he loves you now,
And now no soil nor cautel doth besmirch
The virtue of his will, but you must fear.
His greatness weighed, his will is not his own,
For he himself is subject to his birth.
He may not, as unvalued persons do,
Carve for himself, for on his choice depends
The safety and health of this whole state.
And therefore must his choice be circumscribed”
Shakespeare uses this scene to give some depth to the relationship between Ophelia and Laertes. The speech Laertes gives is a manipulative ploy to trick Ophelia into breaking up with Hamlet. While he does have genuine reasons to be worried about the well being of Ophelia, he definitely doesn’t feel comfortable knowing that his little sister is in a possibly physical relationship with a man.
Laertes states in line 17 that Hamlet while Hamlet does love Ophelia, Hamlet must remain committed to his duties as a prince and possible future king. While Laertes has genuine love for his sister and her future, I think that watching her grow up scares him. He tries to repeat the point about Hamlet being royalty again, showing that he is very desperate to not have his sister be with Hamlet. I think he uses Hamlet’s royalty to avoid a real conversation with Ophelia about her growing up and getting married.
In line 19-20 Laertes warns “The virtue of his will you must fear./His greatness weighted, his will is not his own.” While there may be some pressure for Hamlet to marry someone of royalty (although I don’t recall this being mentioned by anyone else), he is a prince which means that he probably has the authority to marry whomever he pleases.
Laertes uses Hamlet’s royalty as an excuse in another way as well. In line 24 he say’s that Hamlet cannot be with her for “The safety and health of this whole state.” This statement completely reeks of desperation. He implies that if Hamlet and Ophelia remain together, the government will collapse. This is clearly a huge overstatement meant to make Ophelia feel selfish, as though her relationship with Hamlet was more important than the stability of her country.
Throughout the speech Laertes tries to make Hamlet seem like an immature, but ultimately good person, but in several other speeches, Laertes has clearly voiced his dislike of Hamlet. Laertes doesn’t seem to want to open up to his sister and tell her what he really feels. Ophelia might be less infatuated with Hamlet if Laertes was more open and was better at communicating with her.
I think that throughout the speech Laertes tries to manipulate Ophelia’s decision of wether or not to stay with Hamlet. He feels that Ophelia has a serious chance at becoming a queen in the future, and that makes him feel like he isn’t doing as much in life as her.
For anyone who has read Shakespeare, they know that love always has a conflict to go along with it. In the play Hamlet, the relationship between Ophelia and Hamlet is still questioned and complicated. Out of the entire play, there are scenes that show different feelings they have towards each other, along with fights and other characters opinions. In certain sections of the book, there are certain scene that have a deeper meaning to them.
In Act two, Scene one, Polonius tells Reynaldo that he has to go spy on Laertes because he has heard there has been some trouble. After, Ophelia comes rushing to her Father, Polonius, telling him that she has been frightened due to Hamlet’s actions that he presented to her while she was sewing. Ophelia’s talk with her father is significant for several reasons. One, It reveals Hamlet’s emotions and reactions for the first time since he has had his interactions with the ghost. It allows you to see how someone else sees him instead of him talking to himself. Secondly, it shows that Ophelia has obeyed her father by staying away from him just as she was told.
When Ophelia first enters to talk to her father she explains what happened while she was in her room. Her tone starts out as being frightened, but then starts to be almost happy that Hamlet came to see her, as well as curious as to how her father is going to react. “He falls to such perusal of my face, As he would draw it. Long stayed he so.” To me, Ophelia is saying he stared and focused on her face for such a long time that he could paint it like a picture. Hamlet was at loss for words and his actions are very confusing. If Hamlet had said what was actually wrong, it may have caused even more trouble for everyone.
Polonius then says, “What said he?” Although, Hamlet never actually spoke to her. The whole time he was in there, his emotions were powerful enough that no words had to be spoken. Hamlet was also so full of emotion that he wasn’t able to get it out, and didn’t want to reveal his insanity.
“At last, a little shaking of mine arm, And thrice his head thus waving up and down.” Ophelia’s tone is scared, but also flattered that Hamlet is coming back to see her, and after Hamlet left, she was more confused because it was so unexpected. In these lines, Ophelia could also be mad at Hamlet because him coming to see her, this action can make it even harder to obey her father’s rules. Ophelia may start to form into Hamlet’s plan to feign insanity. She may be worried about him because he’s “missing” her and it’ll make him worse since she had to reject him.
Overall, Hamlet has been having trouble treating Ophelia well because he almost sees all women as not good due to his mother marrying his uncle. Hamlet also has a hard time of seeing true love as a good thing, but Ophelia believes that he still loves her deeply.
Shakespeare is known for his ability to create characters that resonate with every reader. Hamlet is one of his most famous creations, particularly well known for his “To be, or not to be” monologue. The fame of this piece arises from its resonance as a separate work, taking the monologue out of context does not in any way subtract from it’s meaning. The reason for this is that in the passage, Hamlet addresses a subject that almost everyone throughout human history has had to wonder about at one point in his or her life. Themes in this passage include life after death, the meaning of existence on earth, and whether or not your actions during life matter in the long run. The genius of this passage is that it doesn’t lay these themes out in front of the reader, but guides them down a path of thought that eventually leads to these subjects. What starts as an analysis of Hamlet’s life suddenly becomes much deeper contemplation about the reader’s own existence.
Taken with the rest of the play, Hamlet begins to think these thoughts after a visitation by his father’s ghost. It is revealed to him that his uncle murdered his father, and that his father expects him to take revenge. In the moment, Hamlet agrees but as time goes on he grasps the magnitude of the task. What he needs to do is treason, and he needs to do it alone. As time goes on his responsibility weighs on him. He delays his task for as longs as possible, and becomes secluded and short tempered with other characters at court.
“To be, or not to be: that is the question” A fitting start to the monologue, as it sets the scene with a summary of what is to come. It comes from a dark place, where Hamlet contemplates suicide. “The question” –whether or not he will end his life there or live on to commit murder– has him torn between his duty to the memory of his father and his own fear of being caught, his hesitance to act. “Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to sufferThe slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, or to take arms against a sea of troubles.” Will his struggle be worth it, how will his actions be remembered? He wonders if he will look back with satisfaction in the end. He wants to know if his perseverance will be worth the trouble. At the same time he wonders if the better thing to do is nothing at all. ‘‘Tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune” in the end would he be more at piece if he suffered through the rest of his life, or if he fought –possibly died– avenging his father. He continues in the same vein, “And by opposing end them? To die: to sleep; no more; and by a sleep to say we end the heartache and the thousand natural shocks that flesh is heir to” What would happen should he choose to carry out his father’s revenge? Should he die, what would happen? He finds a bright side in the thought of death, because at the very least he would hope that his troubles would end. In saying, “Sleep” he implies that it will bring him a peaceful death. Settling the souls of himself and his father. 'Tis a consummation devoutly to be wish'd. To die, to sleep; to sleep: perchance to dream.” He hopes that upon entrance to the after life he will dream a better dream. Shakespeare has Hamlet end this portion of the monologue with a profound thought, “Ay, there's the rub; for in that sleep of death what dreams may come when we have shuffled off this mortal coil.” The problem, he says, is that we don’t know what comes after death. This is the train of thought at the root of his hesitation to kill his uncle. He believes that any of the choices he makes going forward could easily result in his death. He doesn’t know what will come, and that ignorance turns into a fear of the unknown. Hamlet reflects in a very real way how any person might react in his situation.
Shakespeare is often credited for the poetic nature of his writing. However, there are many times when he is very straightforward. Even with his sometimes blunt lines, there is always something new that you can draw from these otherwise transparent lines. Act two, scene one, lines 99-112 are a prime example of this. At the start of the scene Ophelia is discussing Hamlet’s mental state with her father.
“He took me by the wrist and held me hard.” (II.i.99) This line seems to mean the same thing when analyzed; that Hamlet grabbed Ophelia’s arm and held onto her extremely hard. Throughout these lines, Shakespeare's language seems to be focusing on the different body parts starting with the wrist. It is not until the next line, “Then goes he to the length of all his arm,” (II.i.100), the hidden focus of movement is being put on the bodies of both Hamlet and Ophelia. Going from the arms slowly bringing you closer to a key point that is not yet know to us. Or, perhaps Shakespeare may be doing this just to give a very still part of the play some movement.We can see the idea of small moments moving the plot along “And, With his other hand thus o’er his brow,” (II.i.101.) Another redundant line meaning then he took his other hand and placed it over his brow. This move brings everything to Hamlet’s face allowing more emotion to be more prevalent. Emotions that are felt by Ophelia’s but seen through the eyes of Hamlet “He falls to such perusal of my face, As he would draw it. Long stayed he so.” (II.i.102-103.) The close study that Hamlet does of Ophelia’s face shows the emotions that Hamlet feels, which he shows with his attentiveness to her appearance.
Hamlet’s extreme emotional distress overcomes him in the coming lines. “As last, a little shaking of mine arm, And thrice his head thus waving up and down, ” (II.i.104-105.) Going back to the first body part that Shakespeare speaks of you can see that it makes a circle. Continuing subtly but important just like the emotions of the two young lovers. “He raised sigh so piteous and profound” (II.i.106.) The fact that profound was used to this was interesting to me.The work is used mostly to explain the vast depth of the ocean or of the mind. This shows how deeply Ophelia knows Hamlet that she would use a word so strong to describe a sigh and with how it seemed to physically unnerve him. “As it did seem to shatter all his bulk, And end his being. That done he lets me go,” (II.i.107-108.) The use of the work shatter and bulk with in the same line stands out. Bulk being such a strong work and shatter is something that happens only to fragile things. Showing Hamlets truly fragile emotional state through his manly facade.Once emotions settle and Hamlet starts to move away, you can still feel the stillness in both Hamlet and Ophelia “And, with his head over his shoulder turned, he seemed to find his way without his eyes, For out o’ doors he want without their help, And to the last bended their light on me” (II.i.109-1012.) Hamlet’s eyes never lose focus on Ophelia. The calm after the emotional storm, a language only true lovers understand.
Hamlet Close Analysis
One of the things that makes good writhing is the use of every line in the story. In Shakespeare’s plays he shows that even the smallest part is important to the play and viewer. The example that shows this is Shakespeare’s Hamlet. This scene is right before Hamlet goes to see the ghost. Horatio, one of the guards with Hamlet, is trying to talk him out of going with the ghost. Horatio isn’t close to one of the important characters of this story but what he has to say in this moment is very important.
In this scene Horatio is trying to get Hamlet to stay and not go with the ghost. “What if it tempt you toward the flood, my lord, Or to the dreadful summit of the cliff, That beetles o'er his base into the sea,”(lines 77-79). This is the start of Horatio showing his concern towards Hamlet and how the ghost might hurt Hamlet. Horatio is saying that the ghost might drown him or send him off the cliffs. These are generic things that might happen in tragedies and dramas. These lines are used as a masking for the lines that are coming up next. Horatio isn’t a main character and him saying these lines first will make the viewer feel like he is only worried for Hamlet. The lines after these are the lines that are the most important.
Horatio’s small speech is a foreshadow for the whole play. In the next lines he continues to name things that could happen to Hamlet but what Horatio says applies to the rest of the play. “And there assume some other horrible form, Which might deprive your sovereignty of reason, And draw you into madness? Think of it.”(lines 80-82). This section of Horatio’s small speech is saying that the ghost will take Hamlet’s mind and Hamlet will go insane. This is what the rest of the play is about. Hamlet is trying to find out if the ghost is real and if he is going insane. This small part at the beginning of the play has mapped out the entire play. Everyone around Hamlet thinks that he is insane and his actions are irrational. This is what Horatio warned, that Hamlet could go insane from seeing his dead father or just experiencing a paranormal incident. Also Hamlet is carrying the pain and grief of his recent fathers death, mom marrying his uncle with great hast, and Polonius trying to get him away from Ophelia. Seeing his fathers ghost could be the thing that pushed him over the edge. From the beginning of this play Horatio has given an overview of what was to come.
The last part of Horatio’s speech is saying how fear can be stricken into the best and strongest of us. “The very place puts toys of desperation, Without more motive, into every brain That looks so many fathoms to the sea, And hears it roar beneath.” This whole section is saying that even the strongest of people can look over a cliff into the sea and they will be filled with despair. The despair would come from talking with the ghost. Into the play Hamlet starts to question himself and questions if what he is doing is wright. When it comes down to it Hamlet goes through with his plan to kill his uncle but in the process he is filled with fear of himself.
This small section shows that every line and character is important to the story. From the very beginning there was this foreshadowing from Horatio. Horatio tried to stop Hamlet from seeing the ghost. Maybe Horatio was right and Hamlet would have been better off not seeing the ghost. The rest of the play tells that.
One of the most important scenes in Hamlet is his monologue in Act three scene one. Until his monologue the play moves at a very fast pace and in this scene the actors and audience are allowed to slow down and find out where Hamlets mind frame is. He begins with “To be or not to be-that is the question” this could represent many things. He could be considering becoming a murderer, by seeking revenge on his uncle or if he should commit suicide. “Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer. The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune Or to take arms against a sea of troubles And by opposing end them” .Hamlet is wondering whether he should live with his troubles or go against fate and destroy his troubles along with his enemies. His troubles are obviously from his uncle who has stolen the throne and wife from hamlets father. The thought of killing a king on a presumption could ruin all of demark. They are currently in a war and they do need a leader, which is a position Hamlet is not ready to fulfill. “To die, to sleep-- No more--and by a sleep to say we end The heartache, and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to.” Hamlet is saying that death is like sleeping, you feel nothing. Emotions are controlling hamlet currently so to feel nothing must seem pleasurable.
“'Tis a consummation Devoutly to be wished. To die, to sleep--
To sleep--perchance to dream: ay, there's the rub For in that sleep of death what dreams may come”. Hamlet wants the end to come whether it is his uncle’s death or his. What he is saying is how bad could death be when it is a dream. I feel that hamlet who has uses the word sleep five times in the last seven lines, is trying to convince himself that death is harmless and that murder and suicide are both fine. “When we have shuffled off this mortal coil, Must give us pause.” He is back to fighting with himself on suicide. Thinking back to when he said “Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer. The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune” what he may be trying to say is that life will end eventually and he needs to live his life and fight against the slings and arrows. “There's the respect that makes calamity of so long life. For who would bear the whips and scorns of time” hamlet respects the thought of living a long life and dealing with the pain.
What I got from this monologue is that Hamlet is going threw a lot of emotions and pain. He goes deep into what death is, what he shouldn’t do as well what he might do in these 15 lines. I think that hamlet has actually gone insane due to all of the stress put on him. He is saying that death and the act of killing are fine.
In Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet, soliloquies are an important factor in determining the thoughts of the characters. Scenes and events happen, but the character’s soliloquies are what bring out the true, deeper meaning of an event. Characters are often judged by their actions in scenes, but there is deeper meaning on their minds. An example of this is when Hamlet is going crazy and screaming to himself on what is the right thing to do. Hamlet had just got done speaking to the actors about a performance and his plan, but his mind is not in the right place for the plan of trying to get revenge on his uncle. Hamlet is going insane, and he questions himself.
Shakespeare is often forgotten or neglected by many people in today’s world. Though Shakespeare is dead, his words are still alive. A lot of people use Shakespeare’s most famous lines without even knowing it. Most people don’t even recognize that the quotes they may be using are Shakespeare’s. Not only does Shakespeare’s words teach people things about life, but they also have a deeper meaning to them.
In one of Shakespeare’s books, Hamlet, he himself is speaking with friends about Denmark and states, “Why, then, ‘tis none to you, for there is”. (II.ii.) While still being upset about his father’s death and having an intuition on who killed him, Hamlet is having a hard time trying to come to terms with the true Denmark. When Hamlet says, “’tis none to you” He means that to his friends, Denmark is the same wonderful place they grew up in. In a way, Hamlet thinks he’s the only one who can see Denmark for what it is since his dad is gone.
Hamlet feels like everyone is in some type of delusional state of mind where they can’t see what he’s seeing. Hamlet’s father death took such a toll on him that he has to go crazy in order to stay sane. He has to keep on living without having to go through all of the pain he’s experiencing being in Denmark with his mother being remarried to his uncle. By doing so, Hamlet can drive himself to the point where he has to be the one to clean up Denmark because it’s not the same place it once was. It’s “dirty” and he feels as though it’s his duty to keep it clean, the way it was without all the unjustified acts.
Hamlet feels as though he’s supposed to take care of all the wrong that’s being done in Denmark because his father is dead. Denmark is Hamlet’s home and he doesn’t want anyone messing it up. It’s almost like policemen needing to clean the streets of criminals because they are messing up the good that once used to live there. “Nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it” (II.ii.). For criminals, they don’t think what they’re doing is wrong, they think it’s right in their mind sets just as much as we think what they are doing is wrong in our mind sets. These two quotes compliment each other so well that it helps people realize that we all have our different reasons on why we think our opinions are right.
In Hamlet, he states the line, “Nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it” because he realizes that arguing with his friends on whether Denmark is good or bad would get him nowhere. For Hamlet, Denmark was hell and for his friends, they thought Denmark was fine as it always has been. Even today people judge things based on if it’s good or bad. It’s what makes people for who they are. In reality, nothing is really bad nor is it good. Being able to tell the two apart is something, as humans the hardest thing to agree on, so it’s good to have opinion even if they’re not the best ones. Humans will never do anything good or bad because as long as they don’t think what they’re doing is good or bad, it won’t ever truly be.
“So. To me, it is a prison.“ (II.ii) The fact that Hamlet has no one to rely on anymore makes Denmark hell for him. Since his friends don’t see what’s wrong and since Hamlet thinks they’re delusional, Denmark is a prison to him. When Hamlet’s father was still alive he felt as though he was open and that Denmark was a place where he could be free. In a way his dad was his own personal sanctuary and with him gone, his sanctuary would be gone too.
This made Hamlet’s world slowly crash. The thought of him always having someone to go to was gone and so was reason. Having someone so close to you for so long just to leave you alone changes a person. Some people can handle the lost, while others can’t seem to shake it.
Shakespeare is known for his confusing language but also for his lines that deliver a powerful performance. He uses a different style of writing that adds a bit more drama to the play.
“O all you host of heaven! O earth! What else?”(Act 1 Scene 5 Line 99) In this single line I like that shakespeare is making Hamlet question the heavens. He makes it so that its a bit more dramatic because he questions the heavens on what to do. It also seems like he is asking what else are the heavens going to throw his way. He’s overwhelmed by the revelation at the moment so he wants guidance on what he should do. In
Act 1 Scene 5 Line 104he says “In this distracted globe.” he might be referring to the world around him. He could be referring to He could also be talking about the thoughts in his mind. Because of all of the recent events he is starting to lose his mind. His mind could be making him think about things more dramatically. It could be causing him to go crazy. I feel like when hamlet says “And shall I couple hell?” he’s asking whether he should ask hell on what to do too. Because he is so confused he’s not sure who he should ask.
Act 1 Scene 5 Line 103Hamlet says “Ay, thou poor ghost, while memory holds a seat.” To me hamlet is trying to say that this is all too much for him at the moment because the ghost just appeared before him. He doesn’t really know what to make of it and that’s why I think he questioning “What else?”. I think that with all of the sudden turn of events hamlet is asking a rhetorical question of is there anything else that the heavens want to throw at him. In
Act 1 Scene 5 Line 106, Hamlet says “from the table of my memory I’ll wipe away all trivial fond records.” In that line I feel like he wants to start new. He doesn’t want the bad memories to stay, he wants to forget them and make new memories that are filled with good times. When he says that he is going wipe away all trivial fond records, he could mean that he’s going to make everyone forget about the bad things he did. It could also mean that he is getting rid of all the random bad thoughts that he remembers or gets. He wants to get rid of all the bad thoughts that were from the past and just start new. If he can’t forget it he will try to make it so that those particular thoughts don’t concern him.
I think that these lines are very important because it reveals to us Hamlet’s state of mind. If it were not for these lines we might not be able to know where hamlet is really going mad or not. He seems to be trying to fake his madness to everyone else but it seems like to me he is actually going insane. He might not be instantly insane but it seems his mental state is slowly drifting away.In
Act 1 Scene 5 Line 112, Hamlet says “O most pernicious woman!” it seems that he is upset with his mother. To provide background this is almost right after the ghost has just told him to leave his mother alone and let the heavens decide for her. In this line it seems like he wants to take things into his own hands, he wants to obey the ghost of his dead father but he also wants to punish his mother for doing something so sinful. During most of this speech hamlet is thinking about self reflection and what kind of things he was thinking about. He wants to try to start over and forget about the past.
My section of Hamlet comes from Act 3, scene 1. The King and Polonius are spying on Hamlet, and Hamlet delivers a soliloquy when he thinks that nobody is listening. The monologues and soliloquies that Shakespeare uses in his plays, like Hamlet, are used to show the innermost thoughts of characters, and show the audience their motives, wants, and fears. At this point in the play, Hamlet is distraught because his Mother married his Uncle in less than a month after his Father’s death; the ghost of his Father told Hamlet that he was murdered by his Uncle, and his relationship with Ophelia has fallen apart. The section of lines I have chosen are among some of the most famous written by Shakespeare, including his famous “To be, or not to be” line.
“To be, or not to be: that is the question:” By “be”, he means to be alive, so when he says “To be, or not to be” he is wondering whether it would be better for him to be alive or dead. “Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer / The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune / Or to take arms against a sea of troubles, / And by opposing end them?” In these lines he asks whether it would be better to deal with life for the occasional good things in it, or end his life and no longer have to deal with his “sea of troubles.” “The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune” are the occasional good things in his life, but on the other hand he has a “sea of troubles,” meaning he has many frequent problems in his life, such as the ghost telling him his Uncle murdered his Father, and his Mother’s marriage to his uncle. “To die: to sleep;” Hamlet frequently refers to death as “sleep”, as if dying would be a rest from his life. “No more; and by a sleep to say we end / The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks / That flesh is heir to, 'tis a consummation / Devoutly to be wish'd.” He says that “sleep”, or death, would be an end to his heart-ache (with Ophelia), and “the thousand natural shocks that flesh is heir to”, which is the many bad things that go along with Hamlet’s life that he has become accustomed to. When he says “‘tis a consummation devoutly to be wish’d” he is saying that death would be an end to things that he strongly desires. “To die, to sleep; / To sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there's the rub;” He is wondering what it would be like to die, and thinks that it would be like a long “dream”, which goes along with him frequently calling death “sleep.” “For in that sleep of death what dreams may come / When we have shuffled off this mortal coil, / Must give us pause: there's the respect / That makes calamity of so long life;” He is wondering what dreams he would have in death, which is him wondering if he would go to Heaven or Hell. “Mortal coil” refers to his life, and the way he calls it a coil suggests that life is restricting or constricting him, and causing him to suffer. He says that the dreams that may come give him pause, which is the reason that he and other people choose to stay in life, despite all the suffering they may be experiencing.
Shakespeare has been recognized for his language with its artistic and poetic abilities. Often, because his words are known to be filled with ambiguity. How one must perceive Shakespeare’s plays are up to interpretation, allowing different methods of perspective, which is the root of a strong text.
In fact, without certain lines from his famous books, the power of Shakespeare's writings would mean absolutely nothing. Take his famously known book Hamlet for example. One aspect that drives him mad throughout this book no one understands, but Hamlet himself. These are the words of the Ghost, stated in Act 1. Sc. 5, lines 49-59.
At this point in the play the apparition of Hamlet’s father visits Hamlet to inform him of the wicked ways of his brother, otherwise known as Hamlet’s uncle, the new King. In the line “Ay, that incestuous, that adulterate beast,” this refers to the sexual relations between Hamlet’s uncle and the Queen after the death and possibly before the death of Hamlet’s father. Part of the new King’s “witchcraft” was giving him the gift of power. Witchcraft means that one sustains great control in considerance to enchantment, which happened to be the power to seduce the Queen. Hamlet’s father never expected his wife to do this to him as he states,“ The will of my most seeming-virtuous queen O Hamlet, what a falling off was there!” This shocked Hamlet’s father to know that his wife didn’t take his vows seriously. Death did in fact do them part due to the shameful lust of the new King and Queen. However, no one knows that this is what drives Hamlet to the edge.
Hamlet even questions his life throughout his soliloquy “To Be or Not To Be”, in Act 3, Sc. 1, due to the general disappointment that human nature has caused upon him with his father’s death and other widespread aspects. “Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer. The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, Or to take arms against a sea of troubles...” The apparition coming forth to Hamlet caused him to have major self conflicts because he didn’t know how to deal with this situation. He goes from not trusting the ghost in the play stated in the lines “Be thou a spirit of health or goblin damn'd, Bring with thee airs from heaven or blasts from hell,”(Act 1, Sc. 4, lines 40 & 41), where he believes the ghost is a demon to swearing to the ghost that he will remember his existence when saying ”It is 'Adieu, adieu! remember me.' I have sworn 't.” (Act 1, Sc. 5) If Hamlet would have never met the ghost, these issues that he knows wouldn’t exist.Without the lines that the ghost said this book would have no meaning, because it is that of the ghost that led to the transformation and growth of Hamlet’s character. Hamlet would not know that his father was murdered, or about his father’s view on his corrupt marriage because whether the apparition was a figment of his imagination or not, meeting this spirit wildly affected his view on his lifestyle.
The esteemed actor and master playwright, known to us as William Shakespeare, was a writing genius and his book Hamlet he showed that to us in this play many of the lines the characters say have deeper meaning than any of us would really know. This quote “Run barefoot up and down, threatening the flames with bisson rheum;” This to me is saying that Hamlet will be running around spilling the blood of those loyal to the false king of Denmark, this makes me feel like Hamlet is crazy for trying to take on the whole kingdom by himself with that being said the next lines are equally as powerful and potent.
“A clout upon that head Where late the diadem stood, and for a robe, About her lank and all o'er-teemed loins, A blanket, in the alarm of fear caught up” When I read this part of the act over for myself it was telling me that, The false king of Denmark would cover himself and hide so that his fear would not be show to the predator that stalks around the kingdom of lies. Almost all the lines in this part are so creative and moving to the point where I would make you feel like you were standing watching the battle unfold in front of you.
“ Who this had seen, with tongue in venom steep'd, 'Gainst Fortune's State would treason have pronounced:” when I read this line in my mind I took it in as a false “lord” in the kingdom takes the throne and it is looked at as nothing it wrong because it was hidden from public eye. The mastermind that is Shakespeare has placed so many hidden clues that foretell the end of this story or just recap what has happened and this is one of the most powerful ones.
“ But if the gods themselves did see her then When she saw Pyrrhus make malicious sport In mincing with his sword her husband's limbs, The instant burst of clamour that she made, Unless things mortal move them not at all, Would have made milch the burning eyes of heaven, And passion in the gods.' “ This line tells me that King Hamlet’s Widowed wife was planing or plotting for Claudius to kill King Hamlet, then would dance over his body or the kingdom in happiness of his untimely death. They would both pray that the gods of love did not see them in this act. That would be why they are worried about Hamlet finding out about them he is being seen as the “God of passion” in this line.
That is the reason I have chosen this act to analyse, because it sums up the story’s main plot as a part of this bigger performance but in just this short part it summed up so much of the story. Many parts in this speech has many meaning and could lead to many outcomes in each person's mind this it what it means to me.
Shakespeare has often been known to have the characters in his plays perform soliloquies in the middle of talking to another character. Soliloquies are often looked at as thinking out loud. They often help the audience or reader know a little better about the thought process of the character, and what might occur next in the play. Soliloquies are looked at as a form of narration. They often show a two-faced nature to many of the characters. One example could be from Hamlet in act 2 scene 2. Polonius has initiated a conversation with Hamlet as soon as he runs into him. Polonius is trying to talk to Hamlet because Hamlet has feelings for Polonius’ daughter Ophelia. Polonius doesn’t want Ophelia to talk to Hamlet because Polonius believes Hamlet is a womanizer and a bit of a brat, and would prefer for his only daughter to be with someone different. Polonius approaches Hamlet and tries very hard to connect with him, but at that moment Hamlet is acting particularly difficult towards him. Polonius is a little annoyed at Hamlet’s attitude, but has kept his annoyance bottled up inside of him.
I am analyzing act 1 scene 3 from hamlet and I am focusing on the part when the Polonius begins his speech to Ophelia about hamlet and how he doesn't seeing any good in him and how he doesn't want her involved with him. Before this Laertes was just talking to Ophelia about the same thing and how hamlet doesn't want her because of his stature compared to hers. In the speech that Polonius gives to Ophelia he tells her reasons as to why hamlet doesn't want her or why he thinks that he wouldn't want her. He goes on in his speech and pretty much just says that hamlet is basically a pig and will never love her because he can have any girl he wants and that he has to high of a stature then her and would never be with her. To me I think that Polonius was keeping it real with his daughter and having a deep serious father daughter talk with her about the guy who she seems to be in love with. Even though he may have hurt her feelings with this talk but he got his point across and showed that he cared and didn't want to end up seeing his daughter getting hut by having high hopes for something that wouldn't happen. I think that this was important because if Polonius hadn't had this talk with his daughter Ophelia he may have ended up feeling terrible later on down the line if his daughter were to be hurt by hamlet and he would feel worse since he didn't warn her about something that he knew about. To me I think this shows how much Polonius cares about his daughter and how he doesn't want to see her with her feelings hurt and shows that he is a good father who tries to protect whats his no matter what, because he didn't seem to make this speech as if he was thinking about how his words may have hurt her feelings he just wanted to get his point across the way he saw as right and try his best with all his ability to protect his daughter from being hurt. When Polonius says "Do not believe his vows, for they are brokers" to Ophelia I think that he is telling her to not listen to things Hamlet tells her because they are lies and that is one of his reasons for him not wanting his daughter to talk to Hamlet. "I would not, in plain terms, from this time forth, Have you so slander any moment leisure, As to give words or talk with the Lord Hamlet." Polonius is clearly and straight forwardly telling Ophelia that he doesn't want her to talk to Hamlet because of the fact that he thinks that Hamlet only wants her for sex because he can have any women that he wants because of his stature and would never be serious about Ophelia and Polonius doesn't want his daughter to get hurt by Hamlet because of this so he clearly states that he forbids her from talking to Hamlet.
To that spot behind Walmart,
That spot behind Walmart, you’ve seen more sides to me than most human beings. It’s crazy how I’ve watched you evolve too. Me and Him explored you when you were still uninhabited, still untouched, rough, rugged. You’ve always treated us so good, giving us a place to escape when just a few blocks away would get too much for us to take. I remember hating that they were changing you, making you bare and concreted. I can’t say you were typically beautiful or that you were ever defined as nature, you had your flaws that included more than a few pieces of trash, or burned rubber, and that old car that made me think of you as a place out of some ridiculously cliche movie. You were ugly but I loved you for it. Remember our anniversary when those stupid kids tried to burn down the rest of you and I put out the flames when no one else cared enough to? I ran to you at my weakest plenty of times and you always gave me the pleasure of silence and faint sounds of the river waves against the dock. I’ve always found the lights from Jersey to be our stars. I visited you recently. You’re dying, almost completely exposed now. Every tree that once lined that path they burned on you in the beginning has withered away. The small forest that gave me the excitement of exploration has become not much more than twigs and browned grass. I still love you. It hurts to go back seeing now what you’ve become, what those memories that I have of you have become. Maybe I’ll see you in the spring and we’ll both be flourishing.