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Reconstruction Era Visuals Project (Wes Midgett)

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For my concept map I kept a consistent color scheme throughout the entire Piktochart. I used multiple colors that served as different labels. For instance, on each of my maps there are two-three different colors that mark the states where interracial marriage was legal or illegal in that time period. Below all of my concept maps I put a paragraph explaining what was going on during that time. As you can see, all of my fonts and text sizes are the same throughout the project and so are the placings of every map and paragraph or title. In my project there is a lot of information on how people felt at that time and who suffered the most.

On every page of my concept map there is a different map that shows which states legalized interracial marriage. In all of my many sources I found the same evidence showing the progression of anti-miscegenation in the U.S. I found all of this information so interesting, I mean why did they prohibit people from getting married? In this information I found that all of the southern states have always been against interracial couples. I really want to know why the South has always been so discriminatory and prejudice. Also, where did all of these ideas of anti-miscegenation come from? I know that the U.S. has always been extremely racist, but I don’t understand how love has anything to do with race. Anyway, I still have a lot of question about the Reconstruction era, but I hope that my project is very informative.

Source for my Source Analysis

​https://docs.google.com/document/d/1tlrJEooEy9INJiM3OnQ-7rc5dcK8On_5ZVn6ZCgnD9E/edit#
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Reconstruction Era Visuals Project

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The broadside poster was, during the 19th century, one of the primary ways of alerting a community to news and developments in the area. Often posted in a prominent local area, such as a wall, they were, in a way, like the Facebook of America in the 1800s. Mine is fictional, but could possibly be an actual poster from the Reconstruction era.

Southerners would often label Northerners who came down South to lease plantations, open businesses and schools, etc. as ¨carpetbaggers¨, named so for the cheap bags that many carried with them, usually made from pieces of carpet, stitched together. Oftentimes, they were viewed as being slimy, lower-class opertunists who were off to rip off ¨oppressed¨ White Southerners. However, many were middle- or upper-middle class, and a lot of them were Union soldiers who chose to stay down South after the Civil War. And a lot of them became teachers, out to educate African-Americans who were denied the ability to read and write by slaveowners. So, the carpetbaggers were actually quite the positive force in the post-war South, and their legacy was warped by succeeding generations of racist Southern ¨propaganda¨.

My broadside poster was intended to mimic, to the best of my ability, the broadside posters of the day. This went up to including the word ¨Negro¨ rather than ¨Black¨ or ¨African-American¨, which, although now considered to be offensive, was widely used back then, and continued to be so until roughly the 1960s or so. I also used hyphens for certain words that would have been hyphenated back in the today, such as ¨tonight΅ being spelled ¨to-night¨. I also based the headline about freedmen and the eagle off an anti-immigration and anti-slavery poster from the 1850s, found here:

http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/islandora/object/niu-lincoln%3A33299 (Links to an external site.)

Overall, I think I did a superlative job of imitating the posters, and I hope that I get a good grade on this project.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1HHRqUsjD6UwH2NdHmeheJWHsiofD4BkuKoqXnnJ7d5Q/edit

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Reconstruction Era Visuals Project (Tamir Harper)

CopyofTheDailyMustardSeedNewspaperLesson4 (1)

The Life Of Reconstruction Newsletter is a new once in a lifetime newspaper. You may only see this type of newspaper once and a lifetime. While you're reading this newspaper made by Tamir Harper set 1871 you will notice small and accurate details. After you're done reading my personal paper you will be able to understand many things. Such as the reason I decided to write this newspaper, why it matters, and I’m going to throw in some

Many people wonder why I decided to discuss the name change of Blacks. But I believe this is an important topic for all races to understand the change of name over time. In the newspaper I decided to pick a total of four years and decided to look at one speech from an important figure of that time. As I set there and read the many different speeches I was shocked by the names of the time. The speeches looked as though we were improving and then Joseph Rainey decided to use all three of the names in different contexts. So as you were reading you may have been shocked as well and learned that time comes with change but there can always be a relapse.

Why does this matter? I think this matter due to the fact that the change of names is extremely important. As we are going through this tough time in the world with equal rights and police brutality. I think that every Black person should know the names they were called once before there time.  

As you read and look over the newspaper you may not see every detail. One, thing that every person may not see or understand is the photo with the three words used to address Blacks. That photo was a collage of photos of the different words over different time periods. The details is also different. Instead of picking a person that everyone knew during that time zone I attempted to pull quotes and details that people don’t know much about. To allow people to learn and research.



“Change will not come if we wait for some other person or some other time. We are the ones we've been waiting for. We are the change that we seek.” -Barack Obama


Sources Page Link: https://docs.google.com/a/scienceleadership.org/document/d/1jsf_e9t-9m2wtSNt20OMVtEaJYQ_QesiqnFZ7c1t76k/edit?usp=sharing

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Reconstruction Era Visual Project

ReligionandReconstructionNewspaper (4)
  Artist's Statement

My project is an article that deals with Religion and how it impacted Reconstruction. Something that may be confusing to the reader is the information and Involvement of Abraham Lincoln. I think that this element is important because everyone has the perception that Abraham Lincoln is a saint and that he was one of the main people who fought for abolishment ; but it was actually religious groups that supported him and even were big contributors in the events. I also think that the Religion and Reconstruction section may be harder to fully understand with such a small excerpt. With this section it is so much information that it is hard to summarize in a few words. Since that was such a heavy topic that has a lot of information attached to it, I had to narrow it down and make it less confusing while leaving out some information. I also think that the section that deals with Reconstruction in Alabama will be confusing because it really doesn't tie together with the whole theme, but I wanted the newspaper to be like ones that has some stories that don't connect with the main article and have a little more diversity. I think it is important to talk about the problems that were faced during Reconstruction in Alabama because the newspaper is issued from there and I wanted to have a little section that was dedicated to their home to feel as though their problems are stilled recognized and not unrecognized or overshadowed by the other issues. This matter as a whole is important because when you think of the Reconstruction era, people don't intellectually think about Religion. This newspaper was a good way to show elements of Reconstruction that some people would have never thought about. This also shows how much religion impacts history as a whole, because almost every part of history in some way has had religion impact.  

Source Analysis

https://docs.google.com/document/d/15uVJf8svzidm69cHqyqAn7FeOVgZzRjEOgWzU_sPvMA/edit

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Menu for Rachel Reilly

Para quien es su menu? Rachel Reilly


No ella dieta especial.

Plan one meal a day


Which meal: desayuno, almuerzo, or cena

Comida

Bebida

Lunes

Cena

Triple de lasaña de queso

vino tinto

Martes

Almuerzo

queso a la parrilla

limonada

Miércoles

Cena

pollo frito

refresco de uva

Jueves

Desayuno

pan francés

jugo de naranja

Viernes

Almuerzo

mantequilla de maní y jalea

cereza refresco

Sábado

Cena

pollo barbacoa

duende

Domingo

Desayuno

huevo de bacon y queso sándwich

zumo de manzana


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Reconstruction Era Visuals Project

ARTIST'S STATEMENT

The topic of this poster is Black Codes and is dated back to 1765, which is three years after the Proclamation is passed. It's basically showing what it would be like to switch around the positions that African American were in, and change it to the perspective of white people. It is also demonstrating that these restrictions are not okay because they are rights that every human is entitled to. Another thing about this poster is that I put a fake author at the bottom. The author is a white abolitionist woman named Diana Abbey. There were a lot of abolitionists back then, both black and white. However, white abolitionist women were rare so I thought it would have been interesting to make her the author. 

This visual matters to African American history as a whole because even though it is a very simple poster, I think it gives the audience a clear point. It is essentially asking, ¨How would it feel if you were in their shoes?¨ Even though the Proclamation was passed, and it said that all slaves/African American people were free, it clearly wasn't like that at all. A big example are the Black Codes; one way or another people found loop holes and used them to their advantage. There were really unnecessary restrictions that put ¨free¨ African Americans in terrible situations. 

SOURCE ANALYSIS
https://docs.google.com/a/scienceleadership.org/document/d/1Ol3HIgmvj0XxLxQbYmEf5hXbUEs_OOF3l4rhNt_YT0c/edit?usp=sharing


af am


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The sla Lincoln

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The Reconstruction Herald

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Washington, D.C — friday, April 14, 1865 — 1 pages five cents

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NEW PRESIDENT PLAN FOR RECONSTRUCTION DECIDE!?

Aftermath news of president Lincoln During the confusion of people reation cause of his death:

New plan for the predicament of reconstruction ERA And new president!!!!













           




Headline  

Now Our beloved President abraham lincoln has died. The reconstruction plan lead to the successor of the next president andrew johnson, to handle the predicament of  that late president abraham lincoln left his position due to lincoln unexpectedly assassinated.Now how will the vulnerable andrew johnson deal the reconstruction plan and radical ?republicans.Could the president live up to lincoln ideal ?Cartoon of Lincoln and Johnson attempting to stitch up the broken Union




        Headline

       Now President abraham lincoln will passed The law of  Emancipation proclamation. Announcements from president abraham Lincoln states And upon this act, sincerely believed to be an act of justice, warranted by the Constitution, upon military necessity, I invoke the considerate judgment of mankind, and the gracious favor of Almighty god from the Emancipation proclamation and said by abraham lincoln.

The laws of abraham lincoln that he passed in his prowess as presidents is praiseworthy to free all the its  slaves and those who are enslaved to gain freedom and lincoln  state that all men are created equally and his by virtue the power in me vested as commander¨.



Headline

Due to the aftermath of unexpected our beloved  president abraham lincoln death .Now in the currently reconstruction ERA that we all  live in, since lincoln  died here are the people responses  in all over the world in society to give it answer to responses of the lincoln death is  from the people responses is.

Said by the people Lincoln is the savior from slavery, Abraham Lincoln was considered the Union's most powerful and eloquent voice,he was the man who abolish slavery and other political of other presidents said Inexpressibly shocked and startled me sympathy for our country in the grievous loss we have sustained.NOW for the future will change!?   






Screenshot 2015-04-30 at 12.45.44 PM.png
















  1. Your artist statement:

  • At least 250 to 400 words

  • Explain at least 2 elements of the visual that may not be clear to the reader

  • Why does this matter? - Explain why the visual you created has meaning for the study of the Reconstruction era or African American history as a whole.




  • The visual that i created with my own ability the best i can for this visual that can be for history of reconstruction era that can be appealing and comprehension to history people and the two things can not understand is some of the picture and why does it matter it matter because people  want to learn how was like in the past and how compare our timeline for living i think this has meaning if the future would lead different if events was change so we can learn study of the Reconstruction era or African American history as a whole.





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Lincoln's death affected the reconstruction era

  KCH Weekly                                   


  

      Lincoln's Assassination

            ---------------------------------------

            Affected the African Americans

              and the reconstruction era

              ------------------------------------------------------


Millions of U.S citizens in grief as they start to pay their respects and say their goodbyes to the 16th  president of the united states, Abraham Lincoln. People from across the United States will go to Washington Dc, Baltimore Md, Philadelphia Pa, New York City, Albany, Buffalo Ny, Cleveland, Columbus Oh, Indianapolis, Michigan City Ind and Chicago, Springfield Ill for public viewings. in other news the new duties of President Johnson he has taken away forty acres and a mule away from the African Americans which is like taking their freedom away just like when a baby chugs down there bottle and gets it taken away just when moments after receiving it.

Artist statement

My topic was about did Lincoln’s death affect the Reconstruction Era and I chose to do a broadside flyer. I chose this topic because no one talked about this particular topic.  The topics that were mostly about were how Lincoln freed  the slaves. Also, how did the Emancipation Proclamation affect the outcome of the war and my topic was interesting.  The reason I put a picture of Lincoln in his casket is because this flyer is about the places his funeral procession would be at for his final viewing.  This was important to the american people since Lincoln was the first american president to not only die but be murdered during his presidential term.  It was also a great show of respect for a man who was not only a great leader but to help bring about an end to slavery.  Lincoln was a humble man who was able to maintain that in spite of and during his years of presidency.  I feel that our world as we know it today is heavily impacted  because of all that President Lincoln did to help free the slaves.  It made it so that all people no matter what race can be free to live wherever and however they want in todays day and age.  The funeral procession that was given to this president was one of great love for a man who truly did help to change the world not only then but in present day as well.  I would certainly not like to even try to imagine what our world would be like today if not for President Lincoln.


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African Americans for Government!

HistoryReconstructionNewspaper (2)
Artist's Statement: 

In this visual some of the key elements include the background information of the newspaper and the pictures. The North Star was a northern newspaper published in Syracuse, New York by Frederick Douglass. This is key information because newspapers will tend to have a bias, in this case a liberal perspective. It’s important to understand that not everything may be one hundred percent true in every newspaper or a certain article may have a spin on it. Since this newspaper is coming from the North, it’s going to try and persuade you to vote for the candidates who are in support of equal rights and abolition. Another important piece of information to notice is the date and the headlines that come with it. The date this newspaper was published was June 11, 1871, which was soon after the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments were passed. These amendments abolished slavery, protected African Americans and their rights, and the right to vote. This is why the headlines support the date. They talk about voting for African Americans because they finally had the chance to be elected to the government. African Americans could freely learn how to read and write and become educated so they were able to run for congress and the senate.

Another important piece about this visual is the pictures. The image in the bottom right corner shows two candidates from opposing campaigns. It shows one standing for white men and one standing for black men. The image also has many words about negro suffrage written all over it and saying who was in support of it. At the bottom is written ¨The negro must be allowed to vote or the states be punished.¨ This is showing the advancement of freedom for African Americans.

This visual is important because it shows part of the advancements that African Americans made running for the government and being elected. The impact they had may not have been super strong, depending on what we determine as ¨free”, but they did make some headway in rights for African Americans.

Research: https://docs.google.com/document/d/14HMwzq4VtGXPhl-ijDS-34Q_8NSvD8BV1zQm3isrkFw/edit
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script

M: Mackenzie
G: Gavin
Y: Yafang​


M: ¡Hola, Yafang!

Y: ¡Hola!

M: ¿Cómo está?

G: ¡Bien! ¿Y tú?

Y: ¡Hola! Gavin! ¿Te gustaría estudiar conmigo?

G: Lo siento. Yo tengo voy en el centro.

G: Yo voy al centro. ¿Quieres voy a centro conmigo?

M: ¡Si! ¿Y tú, Yafang?

Y: ¿En serio? ¡Clara que sí!

G: ¡Vaminos!

Y: ¿Donde es el centro?

M: ¿No sé?

G: ¡La mapa! Esto es en mi telefono.

Y: ¡Mira su en el Oriente, no oeste!

M & G:¡Ay, díos mío!

G: ¡Vaminos, vaminos!

Y: ¿Qué es esto?

M: Esto es al baño…

G: Bueno, esto es genial.

Y: Esto es aburrido. ¿Quieres caminar conmigo?

G: Yo voy a la casa. Tengo hacer mi tarea. ¡Adios!

M&Y: ¡Adios!
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African Americans Claiming Their Independence

Screenshot 2015-04-30 at 12.02.09 AM

Artist Statement:


In my visual, in which i chose to do a flyer, there are a lot of bold fonts and large words that would naturally catch the attention of whoever is reading it. There are also many misleading titles. The message that is portrayed based off by research and how these type of flyer would usually be is that all the ¨freedom¨ that African Americans were given during the Reconstruction Era was quite restricting compared to the freedom whites already had.

Something that might not be clear to the reader is the titles and headlines present. One of the headlines says ¨Freedom = Voting!¨ and then underneath it in a smaller, less eye-catching font gives an example of exactly how they ¨freedom¨ did not equal voting. Many laws were put into place that made it difficult for blacks to be apart of their community including electing who they wanted for their government. The point of that was to show how, in history, a simple statement, could have all these hidden strings tied to it. Yes, you get this, only if you do this, this and this. Even after that you still weren't done.  


All the examples given of different accounts of black ¨independence¨ were all there just to show how this wasn't a even thing. African Americans at the time all tried to be apart of the white community but were turned down. This just shows how often they happened in one era but how different they were. This matters because it really breaks down the hardships of African Americans during the Reconstruction Era. It has deeper meaning because like flyers in the past, at first glance you see opportunities at hand but then you read the fine print and see the hoops you have to jump through to achieve your goal.
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Methods of Black Oppression in Reconstruction Era America

Q4 BM

​For our visual project, I choose to take a look at the different methods Whites (especially in the south) used to oppress black people in america. Using this infographic, I go over the different ways that former African slaves experienced marginalization, Injustice and oppression in reconstruction era America. I felt that this topic was important because one thing that remains constant throughout history is the oppression of a certain group of people. Whether that group be racial, ethnic, national, ideological or social very similar tools of oppression will be used against all of them. By evaluation and analyzing the methods used by historical oppressors, we can understand the methods future and present tyrannies will use as well.

While exploring this topic, I noticed a pattern in the ways this group of people (In this case formerly enslaved Africans) were held down. Fear tactics were common during the time that physical violence was rarely looked into. Lynchings murders and intimidation techniques were used against blacks in america. They weren't even treated as humans. Blacks in America during this era also faced unjust lawful systems which attempted to not only persecute them, but deny them the ability to fight back against their oppressor. Socially, It was unheard of to treat Blacks as equals or to give them a platform for speech.

My point in exploring these techniques is to understand the situations and scenarios which lead to this kind of group suppression. Because tyranny is universal, throughout time and place, it’s important to know and understand the tools and methods of the tyrannical.


Link to research:

https://docs.google.com/a/scienceleadership.org/document/d/1z3ebMvZN6-Z7FQ5AmkOtjcGRThehumv9PlOCVWpf0S8/edit?usp=sharing
5 Comments

The 13th Amendment

Artist Statement

For my visual, I made a flyer that informs people about the ratification of the 13th amendment and what the future held for African Americans after it was ratified. I included section one of the amendment to notify my audience what the amendment exactly said, in case they were not aware already. The bottom of the flyer focuses on what the future held for former slaves. I included how the black codes were in the working and how some plantation owners were still keeping their slaves, even though it was against the law.

The 13th amendment is important to the reconstruction era and African American history because it was the beginning of the road to freedom. The 13th amendment freed many people, but it didn’t free all of them. There were still stubborn masters who refused to follow the amendment and kept their slaves anyway. Some slaves even willingly chose to stay with their masters because they had no where to go if they were free. The amendment gave many people the realization that African Americans were slowly gaining their freedom. The black codes are important also because they took away simple rights that everyone should have. Each southern state made their own black codes. The 13th amendment did exactly mean they were ¨free¨ because the former slaves still faced discrimination and oppression. Even if the amendment wasn’t in its full force at this time, slavery eventually was no longer used in the United States because this. The amendment was just the first step to moving towards full freedom.

One element that might not be clear in my visual is who made the flyer. The flyer is supposed to be made by radical republicans in the north who wanted full freedom for African Americans. Another element that might not be clear is when the flyers were made. If these flyers were real and posted around towns in the north, I made them to be made a two or three weeks after the amendment was officially ratified.


Link to research, flyer, and artist statement: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1818WaGudoTc-dkRtKFYysJ9lgWjk7MoF-UsVchqewms/edit


Screenshot 2015-04-29 at 10.47.01 PM
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How Different Were the Two Sides of the Country During the Reconstruction Era?

20150430_120107(0).jpg

In order to properly understand this poster, one must understand the meaning behind the two different sides of it. The left portrays the North, seemingly gung-ho about equality at first (“The divide is too strong”), but dwindling down later to being more against it. The right side portrays the South, against Reconstruction since the beginning. By showing them come together, I’m showing how their ideas became very similar by the end of the era, which lead to the end of assigning states to being either North or South (concerning politics) being relevant.

North started with Lincoln saying “Hey, these guys are pretty hype to get their freedom. I suppose I should fight for it too!” Then, after all of that business, slaves are freed and given whatever they want (to an extent…). After a while, though the Union began to lean on the more Southern view, seeing Black men in Congress as incapable. This eventually leads to the end of Reconstruction, mostly due to a change in presidents. In the end, anyway, they ended up feeling like a more passive-aggressive Confederacy.

This effectively shows the beginning of a long period of legalized segregation, as there is no more Union or Confederacy going at it, meaning that race becomes an even more prevalent topic. Black men getting positions in places of importance such as Congress or the Senate probably has something to do with it. This moves further into racism in general later in history. Here, a group of people who once believed in African-Americans’ abilities, saw that they weren’t what they expected, and removed many of the privileges given to them, making a prejudice against a certain race, properly justified or not, prominent in the future.



Link to Research: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Bj1_iqxQ8j1-kGWLuNwPB7bck5I3d9MMrLEPiwx2_MY/edit
4 Comments

Support The Freeman! - Justin Mack

Artist Statement:​
African Americans can have a better effect in their lives as well as the era they were living in. When the African Americans have been given 40 acres and a mule, they were able to grow crops. They had soon made a system called the Sharecropping system. It allowed the African Americans to rent some more plot in exchanged for some crops that they grew for the landowners. This has helped the African Americans as well as the landowners. What else may not be clear was the education they were getting and how this relates. If the African Americans were making enough money, they would be able to support themselves and their kids with education. In Georgia, they demanded education once they became free and it shows dedication on how much they want to learn. This means something to our learning of African American history as a whole because it is showing some ways on how African Americans were able to get an education and their start of learning. It also shows how some Africans have started their lives as a free man or woman by the 40 acres and a mule. Also, most people learn the segregation of black kids going to school but not how they were even able to get to a school. In my flyer, it shows about one place on how they demanded for education for themselves and their kids as well.

AAH BM Q4  (1)
2 Comments

The other face of Reconstruction

My visual is mainly to show the trials of reconstruction during that time. It should have been all about equality, freedom, and the great changes that were promised to be brought; It did, but compared  to the amount of bad occurrences that broke out in the same time period, it was nothing. I wrote EQUALITY in a slightly scattered form and surrounded it with the drowning mass of cons that largely impacted the reconstruction era and caused the progress of equality to take that huge blow. Soon, you are unable to see and notice the word as it is nearly covered by larger, more eye-catching happenings, and soon the boring, hardly noticeable thing isn’t very interesting or meaningful. Equality may be more present in today’s society, but it still has not reached the peak of its true definition. Discrimination, Prejudice, violence and racism still stand today in all parts of the world, no matter what law or rule had been passed.

 The thing that is very commonly misunderstood is that people can easily read something written by the government Ordering them to follow by the certain rules and regulations that may follow, but it does not mean that they will abide by these words. That’s exactly why--They are just words on a sheet of paper. Of course there is no avoiding the fact that in this time certain people are targeted and watched over more carefully than others by the government to make sure that they are following these rules as strictly as said, but the act can not last very long before we all go back to the way we were.

 It is quite simple to do something someone tells you to do, but it is close to impossible for words on paper to change the way a person thinks and feels deep on the inside. Sadly the only way we will take something seriously is if there is a threat behind it. That is an example of a way we have repeated history in a sense: Allowing the bad to always, in the end, outweigh the good.

LINK TO RESEARCH & FLYER:https://docs.google.com/document/d/1uMI9I8TVzbJtUdweUoNeVUVExzetPs0qXtpPvdWNs3E/edit

6 Comments

Lincoln freed the slaves?

Artistic Statement:


My visual is about Abraham Lincoln not really freeing the slaves. I believe that Abraham Lincoln always had the power to free them he just waited on it because that’s not what he really wanted. I think my visual will be unclear in the sense that most people think that he freed the slaves because that’s what they were taught. They have no real background knowledge of the situation so of course they will agree that Lincoln freed the slaves.


Lincoln’s main priority at the time was saving the union. He didn’t care about the slaves or whether they were free or not, he just didn’t want the union to fall apart. He freed the slaves to make a statement to the rest of the union that he was in charge. He says he was antislavery yet at the same time he never wanted blacks and whites to be equal.

My visual matters because for years people have thanked and praised Abraham Lincoln for freeing the slaves when really he just made things worse for them. People still treated blacks like they were slaves. They would be beaten or killed if they claimed they were free, there were no jobs for them so they had to keep working for their master. The only thing they really got was the title and yet they didn’t really have that either because they couldn’t say it without being hit. It took Lincoln 2 years to free the slaves when he could have freed the slaves a long time before that. And he didn’t because he didn’t want to. That’s why my visual is so important because it shows the other side of Lincoln.
20150429_223141
20150429_223337
2 Comments

Concept Map of America During Reconstruction

Artist Statement


An element of the visual that may not be clear is the part that Mound Bayou was the best environment for free African Americans. Some people may think that this comparison is to compare for no reason but, this is to show the safest option at the time. By showing how harsh the segregation was in the South, I’m making the point that it was definitely an unfit place for free African Americans to live. Also, by revealing the surprising aspects of the North, I showed how even though the North was full of abolitionist, not everyone was an abolitionist or wanted to be equal to African Americans. Next, in the revealing of Mound Bayou many wonderful attributes, you can also see that this town benefited African Americans the most. It gave them hope, freedom, and safety and really protected them for any people who wanted to harm them.


Another element that may not be clear is the part about black codes in the North. This is because a lot of people are not familiar with black codes in the North, only the ones in the South. So, some viewers may confused and think that I had made a minor mistake. But, this is true, Northerners were wary about all these African Americans who were free. Even though they thought that slavery was wrong, they still were not sure they liked the idea of them being equal in fear of black supremacy. So because of this, towns would conjure up black codes trying to control the African American workforce and other actions that as free people they were supposed to have.


This matters because so many people (even me before this project) think that after the Emancipation Proclamation all slaves were free. But, even if they were legally free, there were still restrictions on where the could go or what they could do. Most people are ignorant of this but, need to know this to have more insight on American History.


Research: https://docs.google.com/a/scienceleadership.org/document/d/1lUh9SufV0cnFNMjW5MaK8JT7B296w3BZk-ClLH8Plfc/edit?usp=sharing

9 Comments

The End of Reconstruction.

Artist Statement


As my visual, I decided to make a concept map. It shows that at the end of the reconstruction era, the blacks were still getting the same treatments. There were violence; beating, whipping, killing and there was so called “freedom”; with restrictions, segregation, and living. This visual has a meaning because it is telling the readers that even after the reconstruction, the former slaves became freedmen but yet they were still getting the same treatments. The quotes that I used are all from former slaves/freedmen after the reconstruction.

One element that the visual has that may not be clear for the reader is the branch in the middle that doesn’t connect to anything. That might not be clear because everything else is connected to one another, but that one isn’t. I decided to put that by itself in the middle because the phrase sums up the whole visual. It says, “The blacks were still under the whites,” which is what was happening. Even after the reconstruction, the blacks were suppose to be freedmen, but yet they were still under the whites and they had a hard time living on their own.

Another thing that might not be clear to the audience are the “branches”, the connections from one thing to another. The connections are pointing out the different points of the certain topic. For violence, it is connecting to three different points; whipping, beating and killing, because those are all a part of violence. For “freedom”, it’s connecting to restriction, living?, and segregation. Each of the points are connecting to two different quotes that I found from former slaves/freedmen that were spoken after the reconstruction.

My visual shows that after the reconstruction, the blacks were still getting the same treatments. They were treated poorly, they didn’t have their so called freedom, and they were still under the whites. Even though many believed that the reconstruction gave the former slaves freedom, they didn’t really fully get their freedom until about a hundred years later. That is why I think it matters as to the African American history as a whole.


Source Analysis and picture; 
https://docs.google.com/a/scienceleadership.org/document/d/1pqdCMAB9Wa3qimHxSAsV5SKGTixKZhwHwAdL_DKQUxc/edit?usp=sharing 
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Edmonia Lewis by Nat Hilton

Nat Hilton



My piece is a flyer about the Sculptor Edmonia Lewis. It is set in the time of reconstruction and speaks about her history, impact, and artwork. The one portion of the flyer I wanted to focus on was my highlighting of keywords, I imagined these to be popular negative or positive phrases of the time and wanted to add emphasis. I did this by making them a certain color and putting them on bold them. As I previously mentioned, I would assume they would use this style in the news flyers of the period, highlighting and making the key words bold to catch the reader's eye. This is important because I wanted to attain a form of accuracy when making this flyer, and this style interested me the most, it seemed very practical and looked appealing. The second portion I wanted to highlight about the visuals has to do with the face beneath the text, you can clearly see eyes and a mouth. These few features are meant to represent Edmonia Lewis in a very minimalist and simplistic way, I was looking for something that looked of the era but was slightly modern. I feel like the mixture of old fashioned word organization and the more modern style of interpretive imagery would draw the reader in even more. I thought it mattered to include Edmonia’s facial features as a visual because I wanted her personality to be welcome in the flyer, not just her information. I wanted there to be a personal connection with this Abolitionist Artist of the reconstruction era, she was a large influence for many people and affected the art world and that time period in a very big way. Edmonia Lewis impacted African American history`by inputting her artistic work into a key moment in history, one of the most influential parts of African American change in America and she was on the forefront of the art world. She has influenced not just sculptors but several African American artists of all generations.

LINK TO FLYER: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1PU3BGFjhywzz8uFVxdCoZ5hDgsbfTjz9oeGSsk5yKc8/edit

LINK TO RESEARCH:  https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Da3YElsvtxMfNSEk2hSqhHgALX3xRVjlIttQFVW94yY/edit


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Philadelphia Street Cars

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Philadelphia was one of the worst cities to be a different race in the Northeast during the Reconstruction Era. One of the major issues there (or, alternatively, the one that gathered many protests) was the Philadelphia street cars being segregated. Because of the climate, the opinion columns pictured were actually a bit more liberal than would’ve been acceptable at the time, and the second one wouldn’t likely be published in a neutral newspaper.

The political cartoon may be a bit unclear. The real message is that the street car in itself does not symbolize equal rights, but getting into it does. A door is drawn on the street car, and is labeled equal rights (the picture is low quality and I apologize). This is supposed to be a symbol more than anything else; getting onto the street car wouldn’t automatically create equal rights for every citizen of the United States. However, it would be (and was) a victory and a statement. If the street cars could be desegregated, then other things could get done, too.

Also, on the opinions, we still see the racist one today. It may take different forms, the homophobe, for example, but what they say is always the same. “We gave them enough, they don’t need more.” This is dangerous, the way they’re playing it. They act like they’re trying to preserve peace.

Something I inserted in there was the comment about ‘our lord’ on the other one. This was just so it would feel more 1800s-ish while the newspaper looked ridiculously modern.

Not to say that the segregated street cars weren’t an issue, because they were, and people were suffering because of it.

Many people famous for their efforts during Reconstruction were involved i this mess, including William Still.

This mattered during the reconstruction era not just because it was a problem, but because it got better with the Civil Rights leaders at the time’s efforts. It helped people hope, and you know, get to where they needed to go.
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1CG-6s1g8xwiOCk__5pV6f3vPekSt6lVorwCpGfVn9-k/edit
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Benefits of the Unbeneficial

My cartoon is split into two sections. The first column is drawings that represent a black man on his journey through life during the Reconstruction era. When slaves are given the right to, he learns to read and is amazed by it, he’s learning new things. The hate group against blacks at the time called the KKK, Klu Klux Klan, notices this and is infuriated so they burn the book. They did this a lot back during that era and many more graphic and violent things that I decided not to show in that specific panel. This is important because slaves obviously did benefit from the Reconstruction era and the laws passed along with it. However, whenever an eager black wanted to do something more for themselves or achieve something in their new way of life, there would always be a backfire and racial hate that came along with their success. So even though they were technically and legally “free” the treatment they were given was just how it was when they were enslaved. You were one of the lucky ones if you were black during that time and succeed financially and socially amongst the whites in life. But this was rare, if not impossible.

In the first panel in the second column there is a drawing of the same black man but now he is a doctor, most of you probably think that this wasn't possible, but the patients would see him in the confines of his own home to receive treatment. When someone tipped the KKK about Dr. Johnson’s recent activities they went straight to his home, forcibly brought him to the woods and lynched him. This form of killing was quite common back then among the KKK, they would usually gather many black men and have a group lynching inviting the townspeople to watch, like a movie. They would all gather together in the woods and laugh and ridicule the murdered. These acts were cruel, inhuman and immoral.

So overall, it shows the racial discrimination and immoral acts brought upon blacks in America. It matters for us to study these topics so history won’t repeat itself and for everyone to be educated on the struggle this countries ancestors had to endure to give us freedom and the life we live today. Freedom, a right that every human that ever lived should have gotten.


Link to my research:
 https://docs.google.com/document/d/1qH7gV2QnQdFucAgoyGrspfoei-mHH4vzWqbohE6RsI8/edit

Link to picture of drawing: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1tdnYRzX2P-z2y1O9jlm6VhYPwW1XKCnkXPwaqn0TAmI/edit

4 Comments

Did Lincoln Free The Slaves ?

Lincoln had freed the slaves before the war so he could use them in the war but that wasn't the only reason why Lincoln freed the slaves it was plenty of other reasons why he banned slavery. In the Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln said ‘’ that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free’’. The Emancipation Proclamation was all about how slavery was bad and that slavery should just stop because it was wrong.  Why this is matter that Lincoln freed the slaves because slavery was not a good thing at all. Slaves were always beaten , separated from their families ,  and sometimes the women slaves would have got raped by their masters. This all needed to stop because some slaves were dying from starving or just getting beaten all the time that they had to died. When Lincoln passed the Emancipation Proclamation hundred of slaves were happy that they could have lived life that they were living before they captured to be enslaved. Freedom came at last ! the joyful crowd of slaves had said. One of the element that maybe a reader wont notice is the document of the 13th 14th and 15th amendments. Lincoln had thought the only way of freeing the slaves was the abolition and this is where the reconstruction came along because lincoln thought that was the only way when it really wasn't. Lincoln always stated that he was anti-slavery and that slavery was what was tearing the country apart.  
pictureee15
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