Hamlet Close Reading
Shakespeare is often forgotten or neglected by many people in today’s world. Though Shakespeare is dead, his words are still alive. A lot of people use Shakespeare’s most famous lines without even knowing it. Most people don’t even recognize that the quotes they may be using are Shakespeare’s. Not only does Shakespeare’s words teach people things about life, but they also have a deeper meaning to them.
In one of Shakespeare’s books, Hamlet, he himself is speaking with friends about Denmark and states, “Why, then, ‘tis none to you, for there is”. (II.ii.) While still being upset about his father’s death and having an intuition on who killed him, Hamlet is having a hard time trying to come to terms with the true Denmark. When Hamlet says, “’tis none to you” He means that to his friends, Denmark is the same wonderful place they grew up in. In a way, Hamlet thinks he’s the only one who can see Denmark for what it is since his dad is gone.
Hamlet feels like everyone is in some type of delusional state of mind where they can’t see what he’s seeing. Hamlet’s father death took such a toll on him that he has to go crazy in order to stay sane. He has to keep on living without having to go through all of the pain he’s experiencing being in Denmark with his mother being remarried to his uncle. By doing so, Hamlet can drive himself to the point where he has to be the one to clean up Denmark because it’s not the same place it once was. It’s “dirty” and he feels as though it’s his duty to keep it clean, the way it was without all the unjustified acts.
Hamlet feels as though he’s supposed to take care of all the wrong that’s being done in Denmark because his father is dead. Denmark is Hamlet’s home and he doesn’t want anyone messing it up. It’s almost like policemen needing to clean the streets of criminals because they are messing up the good that once used to live there. “Nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it” (II.ii.). For criminals, they don’t think what they’re doing is wrong, they think it’s right in their mind sets just as much as we think what they are doing is wrong in our mind sets. These two quotes compliment each other so well that it helps people realize that we all have our different reasons on why we think our opinions are right.
In Hamlet, he states the line, “Nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it” because he realizes that arguing with his friends on whether Denmark is good or bad would get him nowhere. For Hamlet, Denmark was hell and for his friends, they thought Denmark was fine as it always has been. Even today people judge things based on if it’s good or bad. It’s what makes people for who they are. In reality, nothing is really bad nor is it good. Being able to tell the two apart is something, as humans the hardest thing to agree on, so it’s good to have opinion even if they’re not the best ones. Humans will never do anything good or bad because as long as they don’t think what they’re doing is good or bad, it won’t ever truly be.
“So. To me, it is a prison.“ (II.ii) The fact that Hamlet has no one to rely on anymore makes Denmark hell for him. Since his friends don’t see what’s wrong and since Hamlet thinks they’re delusional, Denmark is a prison to him. When Hamlet’s father was still alive he felt as though he was open and that Denmark was a place where he could be free. In a way his dad was his own personal sanctuary and with him gone, his sanctuary would be gone too.
This made Hamlet’s world slowly crash. The thought of him always having someone to go to was gone and so was reason. Having someone so close to you for so long just to leave you alone changes a person. Some people can handle the lost, while others can’t seem to shake it.
Shakespeare is known for his confusing language but also for his lines that deliver a powerful performance. He uses a different style of writing that adds a bit more drama to the play.
“O all you host of heaven! O earth! What else?”(Act 1 Scene 5 Line 99) In this single line I like that shakespeare is making Hamlet question the heavens. He makes it so that its a bit more dramatic because he questions the heavens on what to do. It also seems like he is asking what else are the heavens going to throw his way. He’s overwhelmed by the revelation at the moment so he wants guidance on what he should do. In
Act 1 Scene 5 Line 104he says “In this distracted globe.” he might be referring to the world around him. He could be referring to He could also be talking about the thoughts in his mind. Because of all of the recent events he is starting to lose his mind. His mind could be making him think about things more dramatically. It could be causing him to go crazy. I feel like when hamlet says “And shall I couple hell?” he’s asking whether he should ask hell on what to do too. Because he is so confused he’s not sure who he should ask.
Act 1 Scene 5 Line 103Hamlet says “Ay, thou poor ghost, while memory holds a seat.” To me hamlet is trying to say that this is all too much for him at the moment because the ghost just appeared before him. He doesn’t really know what to make of it and that’s why I think he questioning “What else?”. I think that with all of the sudden turn of events hamlet is asking a rhetorical question of is there anything else that the heavens want to throw at him. In
Act 1 Scene 5 Line 106, Hamlet says “from the table of my memory I’ll wipe away all trivial fond records.” In that line I feel like he wants to start new. He doesn’t want the bad memories to stay, he wants to forget them and make new memories that are filled with good times. When he says that he is going wipe away all trivial fond records, he could mean that he’s going to make everyone forget about the bad things he did. It could also mean that he is getting rid of all the random bad thoughts that he remembers or gets. He wants to get rid of all the bad thoughts that were from the past and just start new. If he can’t forget it he will try to make it so that those particular thoughts don’t concern him.
I think that these lines are very important because it reveals to us Hamlet’s state of mind. If it were not for these lines we might not be able to know where hamlet is really going mad or not. He seems to be trying to fake his madness to everyone else but it seems like to me he is actually going insane. He might not be instantly insane but it seems his mental state is slowly drifting away.In
Act 1 Scene 5 Line 112, Hamlet says “O most pernicious woman!” it seems that he is upset with his mother. To provide background this is almost right after the ghost has just told him to leave his mother alone and let the heavens decide for her. In this line it seems like he wants to take things into his own hands, he wants to obey the ghost of his dead father but he also wants to punish his mother for doing something so sinful. During most of this speech hamlet is thinking about self reflection and what kind of things he was thinking about. He wants to try to start over and forget about the past.
My section of Hamlet comes from Act 3, scene 1. The King and Polonius are spying on Hamlet, and Hamlet delivers a soliloquy when he thinks that nobody is listening. The monologues and soliloquies that Shakespeare uses in his plays, like Hamlet, are used to show the innermost thoughts of characters, and show the audience their motives, wants, and fears. At this point in the play, Hamlet is distraught because his Mother married his Uncle in less than a month after his Father’s death; the ghost of his Father told Hamlet that he was murdered by his Uncle, and his relationship with Ophelia has fallen apart. The section of lines I have chosen are among some of the most famous written by Shakespeare, including his famous “To be, or not to be” line.
“To be, or not to be: that is the question:” By “be”, he means to be alive, so when he says “To be, or not to be” he is wondering whether it would be better for him to be alive or dead. “Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer / The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune / Or to take arms against a sea of troubles, / And by opposing end them?” In these lines he asks whether it would be better to deal with life for the occasional good things in it, or end his life and no longer have to deal with his “sea of troubles.” “The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune” are the occasional good things in his life, but on the other hand he has a “sea of troubles,” meaning he has many frequent problems in his life, such as the ghost telling him his Uncle murdered his Father, and his Mother’s marriage to his uncle. “To die: to sleep;” Hamlet frequently refers to death as “sleep”, as if dying would be a rest from his life. “No more; and by a sleep to say we end / The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks / That flesh is heir to, 'tis a consummation / Devoutly to be wish'd.” He says that “sleep”, or death, would be an end to his heart-ache (with Ophelia), and “the thousand natural shocks that flesh is heir to”, which is the many bad things that go along with Hamlet’s life that he has become accustomed to. When he says “‘tis a consummation devoutly to be wish’d” he is saying that death would be an end to things that he strongly desires. “To die, to sleep; / To sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there's the rub;” He is wondering what it would be like to die, and thinks that it would be like a long “dream”, which goes along with him frequently calling death “sleep.” “For in that sleep of death what dreams may come / When we have shuffled off this mortal coil, / Must give us pause: there's the respect / That makes calamity of so long life;” He is wondering what dreams he would have in death, which is him wondering if he would go to Heaven or Hell. “Mortal coil” refers to his life, and the way he calls it a coil suggests that life is restricting or constricting him, and causing him to suffer. He says that the dreams that may come give him pause, which is the reason that he and other people choose to stay in life, despite all the suffering they may be experiencing.
Shakespeare has been recognized for his language with its artistic and poetic abilities. Often, because his words are known to be filled with ambiguity. How one must perceive Shakespeare’s plays are up to interpretation, allowing different methods of perspective, which is the root of a strong text.
In fact, without certain lines from his famous books, the power of Shakespeare's writings would mean absolutely nothing. Take his famously known book Hamlet for example. One aspect that drives him mad throughout this book no one understands, but Hamlet himself. These are the words of the Ghost, stated in Act 1. Sc. 5, lines 49-59.
At this point in the play the apparition of Hamlet’s father visits Hamlet to inform him of the wicked ways of his brother, otherwise known as Hamlet’s uncle, the new King. In the line “Ay, that incestuous, that adulterate beast,” this refers to the sexual relations between Hamlet’s uncle and the Queen after the death and possibly before the death of Hamlet’s father. Part of the new King’s “witchcraft” was giving him the gift of power. Witchcraft means that one sustains great control in considerance to enchantment, which happened to be the power to seduce the Queen. Hamlet’s father never expected his wife to do this to him as he states,“ The will of my most seeming-virtuous queen O Hamlet, what a falling off was there!” This shocked Hamlet’s father to know that his wife didn’t take his vows seriously. Death did in fact do them part due to the shameful lust of the new King and Queen. However, no one knows that this is what drives Hamlet to the edge.
Hamlet even questions his life throughout his soliloquy “To Be or Not To Be”, in Act 3, Sc. 1, due to the general disappointment that human nature has caused upon him with his father’s death and other widespread aspects. “Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer. The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, Or to take arms against a sea of troubles...” The apparition coming forth to Hamlet caused him to have major self conflicts because he didn’t know how to deal with this situation. He goes from not trusting the ghost in the play stated in the lines “Be thou a spirit of health or goblin damn'd, Bring with thee airs from heaven or blasts from hell,”(Act 1, Sc. 4, lines 40 & 41), where he believes the ghost is a demon to swearing to the ghost that he will remember his existence when saying ”It is 'Adieu, adieu! remember me.' I have sworn 't.” (Act 1, Sc. 5) If Hamlet would have never met the ghost, these issues that he knows wouldn’t exist.Without the lines that the ghost said this book would have no meaning, because it is that of the ghost that led to the transformation and growth of Hamlet’s character. Hamlet would not know that his father was murdered, or about his father’s view on his corrupt marriage because whether the apparition was a figment of his imagination or not, meeting this spirit wildly affected his view on his lifestyle.
The esteemed actor and master playwright, known to us as William Shakespeare, was a writing genius and his book Hamlet he showed that to us in this play many of the lines the characters say have deeper meaning than any of us would really know. This quote “Run barefoot up and down, threatening the flames with bisson rheum;” This to me is saying that Hamlet will be running around spilling the blood of those loyal to the false king of Denmark, this makes me feel like Hamlet is crazy for trying to take on the whole kingdom by himself with that being said the next lines are equally as powerful and potent.
“A clout upon that head Where late the diadem stood, and for a robe, About her lank and all o'er-teemed loins, A blanket, in the alarm of fear caught up” When I read this part of the act over for myself it was telling me that, The false king of Denmark would cover himself and hide so that his fear would not be show to the predator that stalks around the kingdom of lies. Almost all the lines in this part are so creative and moving to the point where I would make you feel like you were standing watching the battle unfold in front of you.
“ Who this had seen, with tongue in venom steep'd, 'Gainst Fortune's State would treason have pronounced:” when I read this line in my mind I took it in as a false “lord” in the kingdom takes the throne and it is looked at as nothing it wrong because it was hidden from public eye. The mastermind that is Shakespeare has placed so many hidden clues that foretell the end of this story or just recap what has happened and this is one of the most powerful ones.
“ But if the gods themselves did see her then When she saw Pyrrhus make malicious sport In mincing with his sword her husband's limbs, The instant burst of clamour that she made, Unless things mortal move them not at all, Would have made milch the burning eyes of heaven, And passion in the gods.' “ This line tells me that King Hamlet’s Widowed wife was planing or plotting for Claudius to kill King Hamlet, then would dance over his body or the kingdom in happiness of his untimely death. They would both pray that the gods of love did not see them in this act. That would be why they are worried about Hamlet finding out about them he is being seen as the “God of passion” in this line.
That is the reason I have chosen this act to analyse, because it sums up the story’s main plot as a part of this bigger performance but in just this short part it summed up so much of the story. Many parts in this speech has many meaning and could lead to many outcomes in each person's mind this it what it means to me.
Shakespeare has often been known to have the characters in his plays perform soliloquies in the middle of talking to another character. Soliloquies are often looked at as thinking out loud. They often help the audience or reader know a little better about the thought process of the character, and what might occur next in the play. Soliloquies are looked at as a form of narration. They often show a two-faced nature to many of the characters. One example could be from Hamlet in act 2 scene 2. Polonius has initiated a conversation with Hamlet as soon as he runs into him. Polonius is trying to talk to Hamlet because Hamlet has feelings for Polonius’ daughter Ophelia. Polonius doesn’t want Ophelia to talk to Hamlet because Polonius believes Hamlet is a womanizer and a bit of a brat, and would prefer for his only daughter to be with someone different. Polonius approaches Hamlet and tries very hard to connect with him, but at that moment Hamlet is acting particularly difficult towards him. Polonius is a little annoyed at Hamlet’s attitude, but has kept his annoyance bottled up inside of him.
I am analyzing act 1 scene 3 from hamlet and I am focusing on the part when the Polonius begins his speech to Ophelia about hamlet and how he doesn't seeing any good in him and how he doesn't want her involved with him. Before this Laertes was just talking to Ophelia about the same thing and how hamlet doesn't want her because of his stature compared to hers. In the speech that Polonius gives to Ophelia he tells her reasons as to why hamlet doesn't want her or why he thinks that he wouldn't want her. He goes on in his speech and pretty much just says that hamlet is basically a pig and will never love her because he can have any girl he wants and that he has to high of a stature then her and would never be with her. To me I think that Polonius was keeping it real with his daughter and having a deep serious father daughter talk with her about the guy who she seems to be in love with. Even though he may have hurt her feelings with this talk but he got his point across and showed that he cared and didn't want to end up seeing his daughter getting hut by having high hopes for something that wouldn't happen. I think that this was important because if Polonius hadn't had this talk with his daughter Ophelia he may have ended up feeling terrible later on down the line if his daughter were to be hurt by hamlet and he would feel worse since he didn't warn her about something that he knew about. To me I think this shows how much Polonius cares about his daughter and how he doesn't want to see her with her feelings hurt and shows that he is a good father who tries to protect whats his no matter what, because he didn't seem to make this speech as if he was thinking about how his words may have hurt her feelings he just wanted to get his point across the way he saw as right and try his best with all his ability to protect his daughter from being hurt. When Polonius says "Do not believe his vows, for they are brokers" to Ophelia I think that he is telling her to not listen to things Hamlet tells her because they are lies and that is one of his reasons for him not wanting his daughter to talk to Hamlet. "I would not, in plain terms, from this time forth, Have you so slander any moment leisure, As to give words or talk with the Lord Hamlet." Polonius is clearly and straight forwardly telling Ophelia that he doesn't want her to talk to Hamlet because of the fact that he thinks that Hamlet only wants her for sex because he can have any women that he wants because of his stature and would never be serious about Ophelia and Polonius doesn't want his daughter to get hurt by Hamlet because of this so he clearly states that he forbids her from talking to Hamlet.
To that spot behind Walmart,
That spot behind Walmart, you’ve seen more sides to me than most human beings. It’s crazy how I’ve watched you evolve too. Me and Him explored you when you were still uninhabited, still untouched, rough, rugged. You’ve always treated us so good, giving us a place to escape when just a few blocks away would get too much for us to take. I remember hating that they were changing you, making you bare and concreted. I can’t say you were typically beautiful or that you were ever defined as nature, you had your flaws that included more than a few pieces of trash, or burned rubber, and that old car that made me think of you as a place out of some ridiculously cliche movie. You were ugly but I loved you for it. Remember our anniversary when those stupid kids tried to burn down the rest of you and I put out the flames when no one else cared enough to? I ran to you at my weakest plenty of times and you always gave me the pleasure of silence and faint sounds of the river waves against the dock. I’ve always found the lights from Jersey to be our stars. I visited you recently. You’re dying, almost completely exposed now. Every tree that once lined that path they burned on you in the beginning has withered away. The small forest that gave me the excitement of exploration has become not much more than twigs and browned grass. I still love you. It hurts to go back seeing now what you’ve become, what those memories that I have of you have become. Maybe I’ll see you in the spring and we’ll both be flourishing.
La familia de Tamira Bell. Mi familia es muy grande. Mi familia es increíblemente cómica pero loco. Tengo mayor hermanos y dos hermanas menor. Tengo gemela. Se llama es Tiarra. Tengo seis tías y cinco tíos. Mi mamá se llama Sybil. Mi papá se llama Rodney. Tengo muchos primos. Nuestros somos es increíblemente inteligente.
Robert McCormac Hamlet Close Reading 2/26/13
There is no way to introduce such an amazing poet and writer as Shakespeare, Shakespeare is one of the most famous play writers in history. Thank’s to Shakespeare we have amazing play’s and pieces of writing such as Macbeth,Hamlet, and Othello. Shakespeare is the master of suspense and drama, And here are the lines I have personally chosen to analyze from my favorite play Hamlet.
ActIII;IV lines 118-140
Lines:118-125; In these line’s Hamlet has just killed Polonius and is now talking to his mother as he see’s the ghost he start’s talking to him and his mother realizes that he has gone mad. But the big question that the reader may not notice is, does Hamlet himself start to think that he has gone totally mad for his actions? Lines:130-140; This is were we see that Hamlet has gone totally mad, Hamlet is talking to the so called “Ghost” but his mother is in the same room and she doesn’t see anything. Hamlet doesn’t realize that he is talking to himself but he know realizes that he maybe wrong about everything but he’s so ready for revenge that he doesn’t care if he is wrong about it or not. These lines are important, Because it show’s Hamlet finally confronting his Mother about what happen with his Uncle and how he killed his Father. His Mother doesn’t want to believe what has happen but it is coming to her that Hamlet may be serious about this but she can’t tell because of how crazy he has become. Hamlet on the other hand is know questioning if it was even his Uncle to kill the king because he’s know realizing that his mother can’t see the ghost, But Hamlet wasn’t the only one to see the ghost if we go back to the beginning of the book so what does this mean for Hamlet’s sanity? What can we understand from the tone of the characters dialog? We can tell that Hamlet is being physically hysterical after killing Polonius, Hamlet now know’s what he has truly done, he know’s that there is no turning back he must kill the King and face Laertes and have to deal with Ophelia and help her cope with the death of her father. The Queen is in complete shock, and even though Hamlet is right about the king and the murder of his father the Queen doesn’t want to believe that he is right. While in act 3ii we see that the king while listening to Hamlet’s line in the play “Gonzo” reacts with a guilty conscious why doesn’t Hamlet explain this to his mother it just goes unanswered and feels like an empty void left to your imagination. Never under estimate the power of symbolism in Shakespeare play’s, In this act when Hamlet see’s the ghost re-appears, It represent’s how Hamlet truly has been over come with revenge and he want’s to fulfill his goal of killing the king for the murder of his father, but so far do we even know for sure if he has killed his father? Just because a ghost if we don’t know if he is real or just part of Hamlet’s imagination comes to him does that give him the right to kill? What is the definition of insanity? we’ll here it is, “the state of being seriously mentally ill; madness.” So as we can safely say Hamlet has lost it, hopefully he is truthfully right about what has happen to his father or else he could be losing it all, even his own life.