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Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania department of education. State Summary Report. Harrisburg: , 2011. Web.
This pdf gave me insight into the Keystone exam results for 2011. This file goes into detail about how different people did on the keystone exams. The file shows how different races did as well. This file was useful because it gave me actual numbers for the keystones. It made my suspicions, that people did poorly on the exam, fact.

Defields, Lori. Personal Interview. 13 Feb 2013.
Mrs. Defields was quite helpful with insight into Central’s science programs. She was unable to compare Central’s program to other schools, but was helpful in other places. I was able to see what a “privileged” school did with funding of the sciences. Central is in the process of building a robotics lab with funding that they are receiving from alumni from the school.

Obama, Barack. State of the Union Address. Government. White House, Washington DC. 12 Feb. 2013. Address. <http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/state-of-the-union-2013-president-obamas-address-to-congress-transcript/2013/02/12/d429b574-7574-11e2-95e4-6148e45d7adb_story_4.html>

This source gives me a direct quote from the president. It helped me to get insight into the larger scheme of things. This quote helped me to see what the nation’s science program should be like and then compare it to the current science program locally.

"Temple University Newsroom." Improving Science Education in High School and beyond. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://news.temple.edu/news/improving-science-education-high-school-and-beyond>

This source is supporting my topic. It shows that my topic goes beyond high schools. Temple University was given grants to find out the same things that I am trying to find out, why aren’t people studying science. “These grants are just two of several initiatives now underway at temple.” This statement alone proves that the STEM field in both high schools and colleges is slacking.
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Markietra Keese Annotations

Schwartz, Ian. Philadelphia Mayor On Teen Violence: This Nonsense Must Stop, Philadelphia, realclearpolitics.com: 10 August,2011.

http://www.realclearpolitics.com/video/2011/08/10/philadelphia_mayor_on_teen_violence_this_nonsense_must_stop.html

This website is the mayor addressing the people in Philadelphia about the flash mobs that have been happening in recently. He talks to parents about controlling their children, and trying to keep the city as peaceful as possible. Everyone must work together for it to work.


White, Taesha M. "How Do You Help Teens." Personal interview. 14 Feb. 2013.

I interviewed my sister Taesha. She has been in city programs since she was 14 and has been working with teenagers ever since. She gave me a very detailed interview of what it like to wrk with teenagers. 



Socolar, Paul. District On-Time Graduation Rate Surpasses 60 Percent. Philadelphia Neighborhoods: The Notebook, February 2012. 

http://thenotebook.org/february-2012/124482/district-time-graduation-rate-surpasses-60-percent

This website shows a graph of the graduation rate of city from the years of 2002-2011. Most of the graphs shows a increase of people graduating in Philadelphia. The city has a goal to get an increase of students graduating between 4-6 years to 80% by 2014. What the city is doing to get their students to graduate on time is working.


Kefalas, Jason. Philadelphia Youth Solutions Project, Saint Joseph’s University: pysp.org 2011. 

http://pysp.org/

This website gives a bunch of information about teen violence and how they help teenagers. It shows statistics and gives information on the most type of violence that happen in the city. I wanted to find a source that helped teenagers in philadelphia and explained in details how they do it. This helps support my interview that I gave by showing that there are places for teens to get help. 


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Youth’s Violence: State Statistics, Atlanta Georgia: cdc.gov 13 May 2011.

http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/youthviolence/stats_at-a_glance/PA.html

This website is the other website with graph. it shows homicide rates for mean and women between the ages of 10-24. One of the graphs that shows ethnicity proves that minorities/ blacks are the main reason for all of these homicides in Philly. 

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Lexy Babcock Annotations

Walsh, Sean Collins. City Christens Juvenile Justice Services Center. Philadelphia:

philly.com, 2012.

This article is from philly.com, a very popular website for Philadelphians to learn more about sports, news, entertainment, etc. Philly.com is also a very reliable source for local news. In this specific article, the author wrote about Mayor Nutter opening a new Juvenile Justice Center. The reason I chose this piece of news was because I wanted to learn what Philadelphia offered to teens. I wanted to investigate where bored teens would go when everything “fun” is illegal or has an age restriction. I’m using the Juvenile  Justice Center as an example of the city attempting to give troubled kids a place to go, which will be interesting to argue.


Mayor Nutter, City Officials Open Philadelphia Juvenile Justice Services Center

Philadelphia: City of Philadelphia Blog, 2012.

Like the first source, this blog post goes into detail about the Juvenile Justice Center. The reason I wanted two sources on this topic is because this specific source isn’t as reliable as the article on philly.com. When using a blog without a notable author, it’s better to have another source to compare it to. However, this blog post includes direct quotes, which I could use to support my thoughts and opinions. Also, blogs tend to biased; therefore, I’ll be able to compare and contrast my thoughts with the author. Although it covers the same topic, this source is different than the previous one. In this source, there are more specific quotes and facts about the actual building, while the philly.com article explains more what the building will lead to in the future.


CNN Wire Staff. Philly Mayor: ‘No Excuses’ for Flash Mob Attacks. CNN Justice, 2011.

CNN is a well-known source for news, both local and global. This article is about Nutter’s reaction to the flash mobs. I found this piece really interesting because it included direct quotes from the Mayor. I feel that the quotes could really help support my idea that this is a very serious issue because of the way Mayor Nutter spoke about the attacks. The article also briefly touches on the rules of the curfew. As a philly teen, I have strong feelings about the curfew and believe that other teenagers would too. Using the information from this article, I will be able to speak about the curfew from the point of view of someone who it applies to.


Goodman, J. David. Philadelphia Fights Violent Flash Mobs With Curfews. New York: 

The New York Times, 2011.

I have used the New York Times in many of my classes and to support many of my various projects. I can say with confidence that it’s very reliable. This source is also about how Flash Mobs lead to the city-wide curfew. I really enjoyed using this article because it included further information and videos from Mayor Nutter’s speech. This article will support the idea that violence will lead to repercussions; however, those consequences only make teens rebel. I’d like to use this source, along with the others, to support this idea of a vicious cycle. I’d also like to pin blame not only to places that create age restrictions, but also those who enforce a curfew that teens aren’t very fond of.


Philadelphia Flash Mob 2011: The List Keeps Growing. New York: International 

Business Times, 2011.

I’m not exactly sure how I will use this source yet, but I felt like it was very interesting. This source comes from International Business Times, which I believe is pretty reliable; even though they don’t put first name, last name of the authors. The content of this article is basically just accounts of different flash mobs. I thought it be interesting to include exact accounts of different attacks, instead of just talking general about said attacks. Also, under the general stories and dates, there are urls to other websites that contain more information. This will be useful for our project because we will be able to be 100% factual in our statements and ideas.

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Gabby Santaniello Annotations


Dunn, Mike. Nutter Sets 9 PM Weekend Curfew For Minors In Center City, University City. August, 8, 2011.


In this article, the reporter talks about how Mayor Nutter is lowering the curfew in Philadelphia for minors 9:00pm on weekends. The curfew was put in place because of the rising mobs of kids joining in ‘flash mobs’. What I thought was interesting in the article was that it stated that Nutter himself said that it was only a small amount of kids joining in the flash mobs when there were many more than just the one they were reporting. 



The CNN write staff. Philly mayor hopes curfew plan brings back the love. August, 12, 2011. 


This article talks, again, about the curfew caused by flashmobs in Philadelphia, lead predominantly by minors. In this article, however, the mayor puts the blame on the parents as much as the children, saying that if they can’t control their kids then the children would be reprimanded by being prosecuted. The article states that minors caught breaking curfew would be sent home or to the police station and will be fined $100 to $300. 



Newall, Mike. Teen mod violence not a new problem. August, 8, 2011. 


This article speaks about the mob violence itself, specifically, flash mobs. It specifically says in the article that the kids, before the mob, had been roaming around West Philadelphia for hours. I picked out the article because it relates to what we’re talking about, how kids have nothing to do, therefore resort to their own forms of ‘entertainment’ which more often than not results in violence. 



Fiedler, Elizabeth. Officials In Phila. Plan Curfews To Curb Teen Violence. August, 11, 2011. 


This article speaks specifically on the topic that officials think that enforcing a stricter curfew will eliminate or at least drop the rate of teen violence. It also speaks about teenagers who were doing ‘anti-violence flash mobs’ where they just sit places and read books in large groups of kids. They’re tightening the curfew on Fridays and Saturdays, hoping to bring the kids in earlier and stop the violence that occurs later at night. 



Boyer, Dave. Philadelphia mayor talks tough to black teenagers after ‘flash mobs’. August, 8, 2011. 


This article basically reports on what the Mayor was saying to the kids that were in the flash mobs, telling them to stop acting like hooligans. He said he was adding extra police watchman to neighborhoods but made it clear that adding them and making a stricter curfew was not an excuse to harass any youth on the street. I added this because everything that’s a result of teens needing a way to spend their time ends up in more restrictions and keeping them locked away. 

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Morgan Taylor's Annotations

Annotation 1:
"Philadelphia Children and Youth Experiencing Homelessness." (2010): 1-40. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <https://www.pccy.org/userfiles/file/ChildWelfare/HomelessChildrenReport2010.pdf>.
This is a PDF that talks about children and youth that are experiencing homelessness in Philadelphia. This article gives many great statistics and quotes from primary sources. There are many citations that were made that could have been helpful in trying to find some more good reliable sources.

Annotation 2:
"Homeless in Philadelphia: A Night on the Streets."Philly.com. n. page. Print. <http://www.philly.com/philly/hot_topics/Homeless_in_Philadelphia.html?c=r>.
This website gives an article and two videos about Homeless people, not only in other places but in Philadelphia. “The number of people living on the streets of Center City is on the rise. On July 19, Inquirer reporters fanned out across the city to report on the state of the problem.” This is a caption from one of the videos basically explaining what the video is going to touch on in terms of the homeless in Philadelphia.

Annotation 3:
Miller, Larry. "The Hidden Homeless: Teenagers." New America Media. (2010): n. page. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://newamericamedia.org/2010/07/the-hidden-homeless-teenagers.php>.
This website talks about homeless teens in Philadelphia. This article explains what teens and children need to survive. They not only explain what the kids need, but they explain the pain and unpleasant living that they go through. This article talks about how hard it is for a person to survive let alone a child. This article gives many quotes from people that are professionals and also from people that are homeless themselves.

Annotation 4:
"Judge blocks Philadelphia mayor's ban on feeding homeless in public parks Read more: http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2012/07/14/judge-blocks-philadelphia-mayor-ban-on-feeding-homeless-in-public-parks/
This website gives a video from the Fox news and it explains how a judge struck down Mayor Nutter’s ban on feeding the homeless in public. The reporters interview a few homeless people who are usually fed by others and they said that it was helpful because they might not have eaten in 1 or 2 days. The reporters also give many good reasoning as to why the judge struck down the ban. Also they explain how the striking down of the ban was just temporary until Mayor Nutter finds a better way to keep the city clean without stripping the homeless of the only food sources that they come in contact with for days.

Annotation 5:
arroberts922, , dir. Homelessness in Philadelphia. 2011. Web. 15 Feb 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l0_PcHS5_gs>.
This video interview a former homeless man, the co-founder of Project H.O.M.E and a teacher. In this video the girl describes why home people are homeless and what we can do to help them. mainly the co-founder of Project H.O.M.E has a lot of opinions on why people are homeless and what the nation can do to help them. The former homeless man tells his story about how he became homeless and how he got out of it. He tells some of his experiences as well. In the video there is footage of homeless people and some citizens not acknowledging them.

Annotation 6:
Administrative Assistant at St. Elizabeth's, Front Desk, Pier Johnson . Telephone Interview. 14 Feb 2013.
Pier Johnson, an administrative assistant ad St. Elizabeths was very helpful in telling me exactly what the organization does as a whole and what they do to try to help the homeless. She told me what they do for the homeless and what things are available to them at this organization. They try to help the homeless people get back and stay on the right track to success.
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Victoria Yarbrough Annotations.

Victoria Yarbrough
Annotated Bibliography

1) Murtha , Tara. " A Philly Teen's Letter About Life in a Violent City Is Hand-Delivered to President Obama| News and Opinion|Philadelphia Weekly ." Philadelphia Weekly. N.p.. Web. 13 Feb 2013. <http://www.philadelphiaweekly.com/news-and-opinion/159617395.html>.
'
I chose this source because it allows me to see things from a teens perspective on teen violence. Although they are the people in question, they're opinions matter too, because those are the reasons why some of them act the way that they act. The fact that this teen wrote a letter to Obama puts things in the spotlight, and it's interesting to see how the government is willing to deal with this going problem.

2) Purcell , Dylan, and Susan Snyder . "Closings may worsen school violence." Philly.com. The Inquirer, 14 12 2012. Web. 13 Feb 2013. <http://articles.philly.com/2012-12-14/news/35822473_1_state-appointed-safe-schools-advocate-school-violence-neighborhood-rivalries>.

This just another source that will help me and my partner push the issue that the district does in fact play a roll in teen violence too. If schools close, kids have to be smushed together and from the looks of it, nothing good can come from that. If the teens become more violent, then why push them together like that?


3) "Philly mayor chides black parents over teen mobs." Fox News. Fox News, 13 08 2011. Web. 13 Feb 2013. <http://www.foxnews.com/us/2011/08/13/philly-mayor-chides-black-parents-over-teen-mobs/>.
I believe that the parents are to blame as much as anybody else. Upbringing starts at home. I chose this article because it shows responses to this accusation. The Mayor really tries for the thousandth time to drill some words of wisdom into everyone's head.


4) Starr, Terrell- Jermaine. "Philly Cops Savagely Beat Teen To Bloody Pulp, Reportedly Splits Head Open." News one for black America . News one , 11 06 2012. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://newsone.com/2020081/marcus-warryton-philadelphia-cops-beat-teen-after-traffic-stop/>.

5) . "In the Line of Duty| Off Duty Philly Cop Shoots, Kills Teen Son of 2 Fellow Offcrs." In the Line of Duty. Philadelphia Inquirer . Web. 15 Feb 2013. <http://www.lineofduty.com/the-blotter/100935-off-duty-philly-cop-shoots-kills-teen-son-of-2-fellow-offcrs>.

The Philadelphia Police. Although they are here to prevent the violence, they indeed can be the cause of it. Teens are rebellious creatures. This video shows the police brutality that Philly Cops are showing against a ten driver. Outbreaks like these make teens want to rise up and rebel even more. There honestly should be some new tactics and protocol. Wailing on innocent teens isn't the way.







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Matt Ferry #ilovephilly

Favorite Spot: Kelly Drive

Neighborhood: Boathouse Row to East Falls


About Me: Student, Runner, Avid-Reader, and Donutslinger @ Federal Donuts

Years in Philly: 18 years strong

Current Home: Center City


Dear Kelly Drive, 


  It is difficult for me to display my admiration for you in words, because for so long I have done so through a different medium. Sitting here as I struggle to write this, I find my mind slowly drifting to when we were first introduced to one another. Treading your trails one cold winter day, I was not quite sure what I had gotten myself into. I was told to turn around once I saw the Three Angles. I was confused. Was that a Charlie's Angels reference? To the right of the Schuylkill River I found three pillars with one angel statue on top of each of them. That day I learned that Three Angels were the landmark adjacent to Fountain Green Drive. 


Trekking your trails more often, I began to notice even more about you. I noticed the fish hidden in the trees, only observable from Boathouse Row. I saw the house on top of the hill next to the road, just a little after Columbus Bridge. I even noticed the discreetly hidden Strawberry Mansion Bridge stairs.


I do not remember when exactly, but a point came when I began to understand myself through your trails. I found peace in hearing the pitter-patter of my feet against your roads. I learned what my limits were, and how to overcome them. Through patients and perseverance, I learned that no matter how formidable an obstacle may seem that it is conquerable. 


Thank you for exposing me to running.

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"Man Down" Bibliography: Gun Violence


1. 


Lane, Roger (1999). Violent Death in the City: Suicide, Accident, and Murder in Nineteenth-Century Philadelphia. Ohio State University Press


This book depicts various forms of crimes in Nineteenth-Century Philadelphia, predominately murder. Roger Lane told the story of violence in philadelphia, backed by thorough comparisons of national statistics. Lane says how the Nineteenth-century murders were significantly lower than those of modern times. Lane uses final records of deceased individuals, sometimes as small as the regards from a state agent, to help reflect the lives they lived before their deaths. This source is kind of reliable due to her direct contact with people who were aware of how the deaths occurred or even family members. This source is slightly unreliable because some people she contacted didn’t know the people from a can of paint. Overall I think this source is good because she cited gun violence as one of the main causes of death besides natural, which is an essential detail in our project. 


2. 

Cook, Philip J., Jens Ludwig (2000). "Chapter 2". Gun Violence: The Real Costs. Oxford University Press


This book outlines the cost Gun Violence costs America annually, while also giving statistics of murder rates. Cook goes in to detail on how much it actually costs to clean and properly treat a gunshot wound, and how it is not only hurting our country’s people, but the economy as well. Cook also says that Philadelphia's percentage of gun violence has risen more than 20% since 1973, proving that Philadelphia’s gun violence is spiraling at a positive rate, but is a negative impact on the city. This source is reliable because he cites direct sources and city officials. He also cites the U.S Census and cross checks different crimes that are committed in Philly to see how many are gun related. 


3. 

Murphy , Ray. "Gun Violence in Philadelphia." Ray Murph'ys Blog. N.p., 10 010 2007. Web. Web. 14 Feb. 2013. <http://youngphillypolitics.com/gun_violence_philadelphia>.


In this blog, author Ray Murphy gives his insight on the continuos murders that were popping up throughout Philadelphia. He comments on how the city might be better overall without guns, and what he thinks could be the main cause of all these murders. He gives quantitative data by stating the amount of gun related murders that were committed that far into 2007 (300), which was not really backed by a source. This source is both reliable, and unreliable. It is reliable because he has some factual data included, but also unreliable because he features a lot of opinionated views. 

4. 

Bohn, Kevin. "Philadelphia: Teen 'afraid every da'y as gun violence soars." CNN [Philadelphia] n.d., n. pag. Print. <http://articles.cnn.com/2007-05-16/us/philly.homicides_1_zip-gun-violence-violent-crime?_s=PM:US>.


This source is an interview of an average Philadelphian teen on gun violence, conducted by CNN. Isaac Diaz is asked numerous questions about gun violence and how he copes with it. CNN also cites that the new record for gun-related murders in a year is 406, which topped the 400 set in 1990. I would count this source as reliable because it comes from CNN. CNN is a nationally credited news broadcasting company, so I assume they have a group of fact checkers backing the work. I also count this source as reliable because the interview is direct, no second hand relays or anything that can taint the words from Diaz’s mouth. 


5. 

Huttonlock, Frank. Interview by Nuri Bracey. Gun Violence in Philadelphia 14 February 2013. February . Print.


This last source was an interview conducted by myself. The interviewee was Frank Huttonlock, a Gun Range Safety Officer located in Philadelphia. The interview was based on three questions; "What do you think is the main cause of gun violence?",

"Which age group commits the most gun related crimes?", and "How can you work to control gun violence?" A response I got was “Media is the main cause of gun violence to me. All these teens see is how they’re favorite artist is waving a gun to get what he wants, and they try to mimic that.” The classic response, and a liable one at that. I think this source is reliable and unreliable at the same time. It is reliable because yet again, it is straight from interviewer to interviewee. It’s unreliable because his answers aren’t factual, but opinionated. 

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Annotations

"FBI — Witness Cooperation Campaign Launched in Philadelphia." 2010. 18 Feb. 2013 <http://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/2006/february/stepup_020106>
This is an official news article on an effort in Philly to try and increase the number of witnesses who will step forward and say what they know so that our court system will work. The purpose of the campaign was to inspire people to do the right thing.

Anderson, John. Gang-related witness intimidation. Bureau of Justice Assistance, 2007.

"Pair held for witness intimidation - Philly.com - Featured Articles from ..." 2012. 18 Feb. 2013 <http://articles.philly.com/2012-08-16/news/33233632_1_witness-intimidation-toteyanin-jones-preliminary-hearings>

This is an article on a court case where witness intimidation played a factor. It article also quotes law-enforcement officials on their views on the problem of witness intimidation.

“Witness intimidation is rampant in Philadelphia and has led to murder and killers walking free, law-enforcement officials say.”

“Unfortunately, the reality in Philadelphia is that virtually every homicide case is negatively affected by witness intimidation," District Attorney Seth Williams told City Council during budget hearings last year. "People are literally afraid for their lives - or the lives of their loved ones - to testify."

Sostek, Anya . Terrified to Testify Increasingly, criminal cases are being stalled because intimidated witnesses don't show up or because they recant their statements.
Washington, D.C. : Governing magazine, 2007.
<http://www.governing.com/topics/public-justice-safety/Terrified-Testify.html>

This is a magazine article that calls for a witness intimidation law that would impose heavy fine on intimidators as well as allow witness to testify with coming to court.
   
“Witness intimidation, of course, is nothing new. Examples of jailhouse snitches date back centuries in England, while the concept of omerta, or a "code of silence," has also existed for hundreds of years in Mafia communities. The difference between those concepts and what is going on today is that the "stop snitching" mantra has become a cultural phenomenon affecting law-abiding citizens and even children.”

“Blatant examples of witness intimidation are unfortunately abundant. Six members of the Dawson family were killed in East Baltimore in 2002 when their house was firebombed in apparent retaliation for their repeated calls to police to complain about drug dealing. In 2004, Newark police attributed the murder of four people in a vacant lot to the fact that one was a murder witness; a witness to the quadruple murders was later killed as well. Last year, at least eight witnesses to the murder of a 10-year-old boy in Philadelphia went silent when called to the witness stand.”

“Jessamy says that she started to notice the growing incidence of witness intimidation about five years ago, in the course of looking at statistics charting why certain cases hadn't moved forward. Increasingly, cases were being stalled because witnesses either weren't showing up or were recanting their testimony.”


McCoy,Craig R. Panel urges funding of a witness-intimidation crackdown for Phila. courts
Philadelphia: The Philadelphia Inquirer, 2013.
<http://articles.philly.com/2013-01-09/news/36218860_1_advisory-panel-grand-juries-witness-intimidation>

The summary of the proposal to give the witness protection program more money that fails to past.

"We have to do something to help them protect the witnesses who have been subjected to significant intimidation," said Greenleaf, a Republican who represents part of Bucks and Montgomery Counties. "We have to be of help to them."

MacDonald, Toim. State study: Philly needs more funds to fight witness intimidation
Philadelphia: WHYY, 2013.
<http://www.newsworks.org/index.php/local//philadelphia/49315-state-study-philly-needs-more-funds-to-fight-witness-intimidation>

A report by a state Senate advisory panel on funding the witness intimidation program.

A report by a state Senate advisory panel says Pennsylvania should give more money to Philadelphia to crack down on witness intimidation.
The committee,  made up of judges, professors, prosecutors and other experts in the judicial system, is urging more state funding for the city's victim assistance program. The extra money would pay for witness relocation expenses -- as well as hiring a team of prosecutors to help crack down on intimidation of witnesses.
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Annotations

"FBI — Witness Cooperation Campaign Launched in Philadelphia." 2010. 18 Feb. 2013 <http://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/2006/february/stepup_020106>
    This is an official news article on an effort in Philly to try and increase the number of witnesses who will step forward and say what they know so that our court system will work. The purpose of the campaign was to inspire people to do the right thing.

Anderson, John. Gang-related witness intimidation. Bureau of Justice Assistance, 2007.

"Pair held for witness intimidation - Philly.com - Featured Articles from ..." 2012. 18 Feb. 2013 <http://articles.philly.com/2012-08-16/news/33233632_1_witness-intimidation-toteyanin-jones-preliminary-hearings>

This is an article on a court case where witness intimidation played a factor. It article also quotes law-enforcement officials on their views on the problem of witness intimidation.

“Witness intimidation is rampant in Philadelphia and has led to murder and killers walking free, law-enforcement officials say.”

“Unfortunately, the reality in Philadelphia is that virtually every homicide case is negatively affected by witness intimidation," District Attorney Seth Williams told City Council during budget hearings last year. "People are literally afraid for their lives - or the lives of their loved ones - to testify."

(I got this one)
Sostek, Anya . Terrified to Testify Increasingly, criminal cases are being stalled because intimidated witnesses don't show up or because they recant their statements.
Washington, D.C. : Governing magazine, 2007.
<http://www.governing.com/topics/public-justice-safety/Terrified-Testify.html>

This is a magazine article that calls for a witness intimidation law that would impose heavy fine on intimidators as well as allow witness to testify with coming to court.
   
“Witness intimidation, of course, is nothing new. Examples of jailhouse snitches date back centuries in England, while the concept of omerta, or a "code of silence," has also existed for hundreds of years in Mafia communities. The difference between those concepts and what is going on today is that the "stop snitching" mantra has become a cultural phenomenon affecting law-abiding citizens and even children.”

“Blatant examples of witness intimidation are unfortunately abundant. Six members of the Dawson family were killed in East Baltimore in 2002 when their house was firebombed in apparent retaliation for their repeated calls to police to complain about drug dealing. In 2004, Newark police attributed the murder of four people in a vacant lot to the fact that one was a murder witness; a witness to the quadruple murders was later killed as well. Last year, at least eight witnesses to the murder of a 10-year-old boy in Philadelphia went silent when called to the witness stand.”

“Jessamy says that she started to notice the growing incidence of witness intimidation about five years ago, in the course of looking at statistics charting why certain cases hadn't moved forward. Increasingly, cases were being stalled because witnesses either weren't showing up or were recanting their testimony.”


McCoy,Craig R. Panel urges funding of a witness-intimidation crackdown for Phila. courts
Philadelphia: The Philadelphia Inquirer, 2013.
<http://articles.philly.com/2013-01-09/news/36218860_1_advisory-panel-grand-juries-witness-intimidation>

The summary of the proposal to give the witness protection program more money that fails to past.

"We have to do something to help them protect the witnesses who have been subjected to significant intimidation," said Greenleaf, a Republican who represents part of Bucks and Montgomery Counties. "We have to be of help to them."

MacDonald, Toim. State study: Philly needs more funds to fight witness intimidation
Philadelphia: WHYY, 2013.
<http://www.newsworks.org/index.php/local//philadelphia/49315-state-study-philly-needs-more-funds-to-fight-witness-intimidation>

A report by a state Senate advisory panel on funding the witness intimidation program.

A report by a state Senate advisory panel says Pennsylvania should give more money to Philadelphia to crack down on witness intimidation.
The committee,  made up of judges, professors, prosecutors and other experts in the judicial system, is urging more state funding for the city's victim assistance program. The extra money would pay for witness relocation expenses -- as well as hiring a team of prosecutors to help crack down on intimidation of witnesses.



Jones, Ashby. On Snitches and Stitches in Philly. New york city: The wall street journal, 2009.
<http://blogs.wsj.com/law/2009/12/14/on-snitches-and-stitches-in-philly/>



“B“It’s endemic. People are frightened to death,” said District Attorney Lynne M. Abraham. “We’ve had witness after witness intimidated, threatened, frightened.”

“Indeed, the Inquirer story is chock full of terrifying anecdotes. But what can a city like Philadelphia do to combat the problem? Two things, it appears: try to prosecute those who intimidate witnesses as well as guarantee the safety of those who do testify.”

“According to the story, witness intimidation convictions can be tough to land. Prosecutors charged about 1,000 people with witness intimidation between 2006 and 2008. Of resolved cases, prosecutors won a conviction on witness-intimidation charges only 28 percent of the time.”

“And without the ability to protect those who testify, it’s hard to make a dent in the problem.”

“That fear, that’s real,” said Jamie Egan, a former city prosecutor. “When people would ask me if I could guarantee their safety, I would say, ‘Unfortunately, I cannot.’”
Part of the problem stems from the fact that funding for Philly’s witness protection program is down.”

“Statewide, according to the Inquirer, money for witness relocation has dropped off in recent years, a casualty of budget cuts and the faltering economy. While the Philadelphia program spent just over $11,000 per witness last year, the federal witness-protection program spends more than four times that.”



FBI."Step Up, Speal Up" Witness Cooperation Campaign Launched in Philadelphia
Philadelphia: FBI, 2006.
<http://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/2006/february/stepup_020106>


DEAN, MENSAH M. Pair held for witness intimidation
Philadelphia: The Philadelphia inquirer, 2012.
<http://articles.philly.com/2012-08-16/news/33233632_1_witness-intimidation-toteyanin-jones-preliminary-hearings>



Dedel, Kelly. Witness Intimidation Guide No.42 (2006)
Providence ,Rhode island : The PoP conference , 2006.
<http://www.popcenter.org/problems/witness_intimidation/>
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College Rates _Keyaira Doughty

Knight Foundation, "College Enrollment." Last modified Nov 18, 2010. Accessed February 19, 2013. http://www.knightfoundation.org/press-room/press-release/philadelphia-students-trail-the-national-average/ .

Notebook, "Graduation Rate." Last modified 2012. Accessed February 19, 2013. http://thenotebook.org/february-2012/124482/district-time-graduation-rate-surpasses-60-percent .

Portland Press, "Crash Devt." Last modified April 25,2012. Accessed February 19, 2013. http://www.pressherald.com/news/nationworld/in-focus-college-costs_2012-04-25.html .

Philly, "Philadelphia Student Drop out Rates." Last modified Feb. 18 2011. Accessed February 19, 2013. http://articles.philly.com/2011-02-18/news/28553835_1_dropout-problem-student-voices-project-u-turn .

Interview:  Julie Scott
  • What are you graduation rates?

    We graduate about 60% of our students each year.


  • How many people do you admit each year about?

    We admit about 69.1% of our students.


  • Why do most of your students drop out?

    Most people drop out of our college because they can no longer afford not only living on campus but paying for tuition. Also when students begin to slack off they can have trouble picking up on their work so they fall off, and transfer to CCP.
  • What year were you guys founded?

    We were founded in 1888


  • How much is your tuition and fees of this falls semester:?

    Normally are fees for in-state students are around 14,000 and out of state are 24,000
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ANNOTATIONS JSCHWARTZ/ETHANREESE

Stoppler, Melissa. "Obesity (Weight Loss) Content."Obesity Symptoms. Medice Net, 7 18 2012. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://www.medicinenet.com/obesity_weight_loss/page2.htm

This source talks about health problems with putting on too much weight, and how obesity can affect the body. The facts given from this website that we used were, deaths per year related to obesity, how common is obesity in America, and other life threatening illness that obesity makes you more susceptible to. The three facts we pulled were “The prevalence of obesity in children has increased markedly, with approximately 20%-25% of children either overweight or obese.” , “In the United States, roughly 300,000 deaths per year are directly related to obesity, and more than 80% of these deaths are in patients with a BMI over 30.”  , “A prospective study found that the risk of developing coronary artery disease increased three to four times in women who had a BMI greater than 29.”.


Evans, Clint. "Launches History Of Obesity Timeline To Help Promote Michelle Obama's Let's Move Campaign." PR Web. HistoWiki, 12 12 2012. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://www.prweb.com/releases/2012/12/prweb10227638.htm>.

This source talks abouts Michelle Obama’s Let’s Move Campaign, the campaign is focused on getting kids to eat healthy and become more active through exercise. Direct facts we pull from this is the first ladies worry that most children won’t reach a healthy BMI by the time they are adults. The source goes onto talk about how they enforce the thin ideal, that they just encourage kids to be more active and healthy.

Dr, Gary. "Obesity History." The History of Obesity Timeline. HistoWiki, 11 12 2012. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://histowiki.com/2244/history/obesity-history-timeline/>.

This source is a rough timeline of how obesity has been effected as time has progressed, for example many of the points we take talk about, the increase in obesity over the last couple years that has been caused by new supplements that are cheaper and more unhealthy. We also talk about the increase in average calorie consumption due to unhealthy foods being more available.


. "Obesity Prevention and Wellness Program." State Education PA US. PA Department of Health, 20 7 2008. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://www.education.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/gateway/PTARGS_6_2_76694_0_0_43/>.

This source talks about precautions and counteracting actions you can take against obesity, many of the suggestions from this source are used to show how we can fix the problem. It also gave us many data points and trend standards that we use to confirm points.


TAVERNISE, SABRINA , ed. "Obesity in Young Is Seen as Falling in Several Cities." The New York Times. The New York Times, 10 Decemeber 2012. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/11/health/childhood-obesity-drops-in-new-york-and-philadelphia.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0>.
This website presented a different view on my topic. Instead of a negative view towards obesity, this article supports that the obesity rate is actually falling in some cities. For example New York reported that their obesity rate had fallen by 5.5 percent in 2011. I will mention that some cities have falling rates of obesity. Doing so will make my project 3-D in a sense two sides are represented.

. "DIVISION OF FOOD AND NUTRITION."Pennsylvania Department of Education . Pennsylvania Department of Education , 12 Feb 2011. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <
http://www.education.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/online_resources/7488/teachers'_page/509236
I loved how this site wasn’t just one person talking about their view of obesity, but it is a site where many other websites and sources are represented. A variety of programs and events are all over this page. This gives me an idea of who is involved with the obesity problem, and what programs are being set up to treat it. This source provided a unique dimension of my project and I will use it in my presentation.

Grier, Sonya. "Obesity in Philadelphia – Philadelphia Department of Public Health." Health PDFS. Philadelphia Department of Health, 10 3 2010. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://www.phila.gov/health/pdfs/Obesity_in_Philadelphia_3.10.10.pdf>.

This Pdf provides an in depth reasoning for the obesity epidemic in Philadelphia. The explanations are accompanied with helpful graphs and charts. For example, one graph uses color and a map of Philadelphia to color code where obesity is most prominent. I also found that obesity has tripled in the last 20 years in Philadelphia. This source was very good, and I can use many aspects of it in my project.


Nicholson, Lisa, ed. "Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Obesity During the Transition to Adulthood: The Contingent and Nonlinear Impact of Neighborhood Disadvantage." Ebscohost. OmniFile Text Mega, 11 Jan 2011. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/results?sid=840558f0-610b-4ccc-b514-e5774c4a7cad@sessionmgr110&vid=2&hid=124&bquery=obesity AND "in" AND adolescence&bdata=JmRiPW9mbSZ0eXBlPTAmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl>.

Interviews:

Mrs. Martin

Do you feel there have been more obese or overweight kids in the past few years?

“In the city of Philadelphia yes, it is increasing at a surprising rate, however with new programs the number is starting to deteriorate.”

Have you seen more health related issues involved with being overweight in this school?

“In my health classes, I have Q&A’s where many students ask about problems with there body everyday that is caused by poor dieting.

Is there something in this school, or schools in the Philadelphia area in general that could be contributing to overweightness in teens.

“Most kids don't have controlled eating habits and tend to overeat, or under eat and fill up on junk food”

Mrs. Kelly
Do you feel there have been more obese or overweight kids in the past few years?
“I’ve been seeing more and more kids who are overweight, yes. That doesn’t mean they are unhealthy though.”

Have you seen more health related issues involved with being overweight in this school?  
“Over the past couple of years, I have seen more overweight kids, and many of them have asthma.”

Is there something in this school, or schools in the Philadelphia area in general that could be contributing to overweightness in teens.
“The schools lunches are pretty bad. They don’t have a lot of nutrition in them. Ms. Martin counteracts that with her gym class.”

Nurse Kelly was a good source in general. From the questions I asked her, I was able to see the opinion of someone who is involved with conditions in teens everyday. Unlike websites she could really tell me the truth from her first hand experiences, not just statistics.
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Annotated Citations By J.L.

1.Philadelphia, Caron. Telephone Interview. 14 Feb. 2013.
This interview was speaking about the Caron rehab center as a whole. Plus telling us some extra things they offer. Some things they spoke of was how their average program last between 3 and 6 month. Unless they go for extended care, which last over a year. Also all the different addiction they treat. There main treatment technique is the 12 step approach. They said it’s proven to be the most successful treatment.

2.. "DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE AMONG TEENS IN PENNSYLVANIA." Inspirations Youth. Inspirations Youth. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://www.inspirationsyouth.com/Teen-Rehab-Pennsylvania.asp>.
This source tells me about most statistics on pennsylvania teenage drug usage. Some highlights they said was 55 % of students has used alcohol in their life. From a 0.9% to a 37.9 % of student between 6 & 12 grade use marijuana and also other many different drugs.

3. "Police: $102,000 in cash, drugs found in W. Phila. home where brothers killed." 25 July 2012. ABC Action news, Web. 14 Feb. 2013. <http://abclocal.go.com/wpvi/story?section=news/local&id=8747947>.
The source talks about 2 young teenagers that got murdered and was found to have $102,000 in cash and “1,700 illegal prescription pills including Oxycodone, Percocet, Xanax and six large bottles of Codeine.”  The parents are getting charged for the police findings. The Police this the murder may be connected to the drugs and money.

4 & 5.West Philadelphia High School. 2013. n.p. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <https://webapps.philasd.org/school_profile/view/1020>.
Overbrook High School. 2013. School District of Philadelphia , philadelphia. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <https://webapps.philasd.org/school_profile/view/1020>.

Both of these are serious incidents charts from Overbrook high school and West Philadelphia high school. They have the statistics from the years 2010 to 2013. It has incidents like assault, drugs, weapons, etc. The drug rates are the numbers I am using and with both of them It look likes them problem has been increasing instead of decreasing.
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Annotated Citations

Annotated Citations 

Lehmann , Chris. Personal Interview. 14 Feb 2013. (Lehmann)

I conducted an interview with Mr.Lehmann to get a better understanding of what happens when SLA has a problem with drugs. I asked questions, that Mr. Lehmann answered with fully explanations. One question, I asked was, How do you find out about Drugs at SLA? He answered that “Some SLA students who use drugs have friends that tell a teacher or since being a educator for such a longtime teachers can just tell when something isn’t right.” 

Beyond Scared Straight . A&E: A&E, . Television. <http://www.aetv.com/beyond-scared-straight/about/>.

I chose to use a television show called “Beyond Scared Straight” which was based of the 1978 television series “Scared Straight!”. Each show is similar but the reason I choose to use a television show is because on the show they deal with all types of teenagers who do all types of illegal things. One of the major problems you see are drugs being used by teens on the show. The teens visit different jails and get a reality check by the inmates.

Linden, Angela. "Behavioral Health:Changing Trends in Teen Drug Use." Mainline Health n.pag. Center for Addictive Diseases. Web. 17 Feb 2013. <http://www.mainlinehealth.org/oth/Page.asp?PageID=OTH003447>.(Linden)

I choose to include this citation because its a database that gives out information to teens who are looking for doctors in the area to help them out with detox. Its simply a database for teens and parents looking for a helping hand to make sure they don’t relapse.

"Teen Drug Abuse." Coalition Against Drug Abuse n.pag. Web. 17 Feb 2013. <http://drugabuse.com/library/teen-drug-abuse/>. ("Coalition Against Drug Abuse")

I choose to include this database because its a little different from the other database. This database gives out information about how parents and others can tell  if a teen or child is using drugs. It tells you how to take the right steps to helping and ending the problem. With all the information it also list different side effects and numbers to call to get you connected to a rehab center. 


"DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE AMONG TEENS IN PENNSYLVANIA." Inspirations for Youth and Families n.pag. Inspirations Youth. Web. 17 Feb 2013. <http://www.inspirationsyouth.com/Teen-Rehab-Pennsylvania.asp>. ("Inspirations for Youth and Families")

I choose this site because it list a bunch of statics, with names of drugs used by teens in the Philadelphia area. The website is also linked to another site, that share stories of people using drugs and why it it wrong. This website is a good site because it shows everything clearly and it seems as real as it can get.

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Annotations

Stoppler, Melissa. "Obesity (Weight Loss) Content."Obesity Symptoms. Medice Net, 7 18 2012. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://www.medicinenet.com/obesity_weight_loss/page2.htm

This source talks about health problems with putting on too much weight, and how obesity can affect the body. The facts given from this website that we used were, deaths per year related to obesity, how common is obesity in America, and other life threatening illness that obesity makes you more susceptible to. The three facts we pulled were “The prevalence of obesity in children has increased markedly, with approximately 20%-25% of children either overweight or obese.” , “In the United States, roughly 300,000 deaths per year are directly related to obesity, and more than 80% of these deaths are in patients with a BMI over 30.”  , “A prospective study found that the risk of developing coronary artery disease increased three to four times in women who had a BMI greater than 29.”.


Evans, Clint. "Launches History Of Obesity Timeline To Help Promote Michelle Obama's Let's Move Campaign." PR Web. HistoWiki, 12 12 2012. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://www.prweb.com/releases/2012/12/prweb10227638.htm>.

This source talks abouts Michelle Obama’s Let’s Move Campaign, the campaign is focused on getting kids to eat healthy and become more active through exercise. Direct facts we pull from this is the first ladies worry that most children won’t reach a healthy BMI by the time they are adults. The source goes onto talk about how they enforce the thin ideal, that they just encourage kids to be more active and healthy.

Dr, Gary. "Obesity History." The History of Obesity Timeline. HistoWiki, 11 12 2012. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://histowiki.com/2244/history/obesity-history-timeline/>.

This source is a rough timeline of how obesity has been effected as time has progressed, for example many of the points we take talk about, the increase in obesity over the last couple years that has been caused by new supplements that are cheaper and more unhealthy. We also talk about the increase in average calorie consumption due to unhealthy foods being more available.


. "Obesity Prevention and Wellness Program." State Education PA US. PA Department of Health, 20 7 2008. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://www.education.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/gateway/PTARGS_6_2_76694_0_0_43/>.

This source talks about precautions and counteracting actions you can take against obesity, many of the suggestions from this source are used to show how we can fix the problem. It also gave us many data points and trend standards that we use to confirm points.


TAVERNISE, SABRINA , ed. "Obesity in Young Is Seen as Falling in Several Cities." The New York Times. The New York Times, 10 Decemeber 2012. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/11/health/childhood-obesity-drops-in-new-york-and-philadelphia.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0>.
This website presented a different view on my topic. Instead of a negative view towards obesity, this article supports that the obesity rate is actually falling in some cities. For example New York reported that their obesity rate had fallen by 5.5 percent in 2011. I will mention that some cities have falling rates of obesity. Doing so will make my project 3-D in a sense two sides are represented.

. "DIVISION OF FOOD AND NUTRITION."Pennsylvania Department of Education . Pennsylvania Department of Education , 12 Feb 2011. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <
http://www.education.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/online_resources/7488/teachers'_page/509236
I loved how this site wasn’t just one person talking about their view of obesity, but it is a site where many other websites and sources are represented. A variety of programs and events are all over this page. This gives me an idea of who is involved with the obesity problem, and what programs are being set up to treat it. This source provided a unique dimension of my project and I will use it in my presentation.

Grier, Sonya. "Obesity in Philadelphia – Philadelphia Department of Public Health." Health PDFS. Philadelphia Department of Health, 10 3 2010. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://www.phila.gov/health/pdfs/Obesity_in_Philadelphia_3.10.10.pdf>.

This Pdf provides an in depth reasoning for the obesity epidemic in Philadelphia. The explanations are accompanied with helpful graphs and charts. For example, one graph uses color and a map of Philadelphia to color code where obesity is most prominent. I also found that obesity has tripled in the last 20 years in Philadelphia. This source was very good, and I can use many aspects of it in my project.


Nicholson, Lisa, ed. "Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Obesity During the Transition to Adulthood: The Contingent and Nonlinear Impact of Neighborhood Disadvantage." Ebscohost. OmniFile Text Mega, 11 Jan 2011. Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/results?sid=840558f0-610b-4ccc-b514-e5774c4a7cad@sessionmgr110&vid=2&hid=124&bquery=obesity AND "in" AND adolescence&bdata=JmRiPW9mbSZ0eXBlPTAmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl>.

Interviews:

Mrs. Martin

Do you feel there have been more obese or overweight kids in the past few years?

“In the city of Philadelphia yes, it is increasing at a surprising rate, however with new programs the number is starting to deteriorate.”

Have you seen more health related issues involved with being overweight in this school?

“In my health classes, I have Q&A’s where many students ask about problems with there body everyday that is caused by poor dieting.

Is there something in this school, or schools in the Philadelphia area in general that could be contributing to overweightness in teens.

“Most kids don't have controlled eating habits and tend to overeat, or under eat and fill up on junk food”

Mrs. Kelly
Do you feel there have been more obese or overweight kids in the past few years?
“I’ve been seeing more and more kids who are overweight, yes. That doesn’t mean they are unhealthy though.”

Have you seen more health related issues involved with being overweight in this school?  
“Over the past couple of years, I have seen more overweight kids, and many of them have asthma.”

Is there something in this school, or schools in the Philadelphia area in general that could be contributing to overweightness in teens.
“The schools lunches are pretty bad. They don’t have a lot of nutrition in them. Ms. Martin counteracts that with her gym class.”

Nurse Kelly was a good source in general. From the questions I asked her, I was able to see the opinion of someone who is involved with conditions in teens everyday. Unlike websites she could really tell me the truth from her first hand experiences, not just statistics.
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Annotations

Failing Economy
"Why the economy is failing, and what you can learn to not fail with it ..." 2008. 19 Feb. 2013 <http://www.businessknowledgesource.com/blog/why_the_economy_is_failing_and_what_you_can_learn_to_not_fail_with_it_feature_article_026747.html>

This website breaks down the main reasons for the failing economy.

"Obama's jobs record: Better than Bush's - Sep. 18, 2012 - CNN Money." 2012. 19 Feb. 2013 <http://money.cnn.com/2012/09/18/news/economy/obama-bush-jobs/index.html>

This website shows how many jobs were lost and gained under the current and previous president.

"Worse Than the Great Depression: What the Experts Are Missing ..." 2012. 19 Feb. 2013 <http://www.itif.org/publications/worse-great-depression-what-experts-are-missing-about-american-manufacturing-decline>
This website compares the percentage of jobs lost from the great depression and now. This helped to give me a better a better grasp of how bad our economy


"The Root Cause of Our Failing Economy." 2009. 19 Feb. 2013 <http://www.boxtheorygold.com/blog/bid/17168/The-Root-Cause-of-Our-Failing-Economy>

This is the view of why the economy is failing in the eyes of a man that has been tough with the economy 

Claire Dixon

  1. Where were you fired from
She was laid off by gm
  1. Why were you fired?
She was fired because the company went bankrupt
  1. What role did the economy play?
It was do to the poor economy and the income of gm as a whole that made it collapse.

  1. where you at fault at all

    She was not at fault in anywhere. She was the victim of a failing economy
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R. Jenkins Annotated Bibliography

Gurwitt, Rob. Betting on the Bulldozer. EBSCOhost. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=9&sid=37b188e6-9663-4039-b244-c11cc6068abe%40sessionmgr110&hid=123&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=ofm&AN=503904949>.

 

Mayor John F. Street choose to devote a extra 250 million dollars into developing and brighten up to the residential areas of the city. As a cause of this the Neighborhood Transformation Initiative or NTI was created to be the organizer of the projects that this money will be spent on. But it turned out that the program has been a failure for sometime because the NTI didn’t make the plans in order to restore the city. “The truth is, until Philadelphia starts spending its NTI money, no one actually knows what changes the effort will bring.”

 

Beard, Elizabeth. Green Works in Philadelphia. EBSCOhost. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=7&sid=133b070a-9292-4ed4-961b-b09cdbdbc92e%40sessionmgr11&hid=27&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=ofm&AN=84635847>.

 

Mayor Nutter takes a different approach to city recreation. His goal is to make Philadelphia the greens city in America by the year 2015 and has wrote a multi-decade budget of 2 billion dollars to complete this goal. This can show that the reason why are problem of abandon buildings hasn’t been tackled because the programs focus has been flipped to making Philadelphia a more energy efficient area.

 

            "Philadelphia's Future." Telephone interview. 15 Feb. 2013.

 

          We got a chance to speak to the executive office at PACDC and he explained to us the things that we might not be able to know about his job. Such as how they decide to spilt the budgets between each branch of the corporation. Such as NPDC or WPDC.

 

 

"Abandoned Philadelphia." Abandoned Philadelphia. Wordpress, n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2013. <http://abandonedphiladelphia.com/page/2/>.

 

This is a unofficially data base of different restoration projects that have been implemented and proposed in order to cut down the overwhelming number of 50,000+ vacant properties in the Philadelphia area .It says in one article about how councilman Bobby Henon believes the city should wage war on the absentee landlords by increasing the cost of fines for landlords that choose to negligent their property. This shows that there is a push by the city to hold owners accountable for their property.

 

Pennsylvania Pictures. N.d. Photograph. Pennsylvania Pictures, Philadelphia.Pennylvania Pictures. Web. 14 Feb. 2013. <http://abnf.co/pennsylvania_pictures.htm>.

 

This gives a visual look on the amounts of abandon buildings in Philadelphia. But the most interesting thing is the amount of these building that were former factories for some major corporations. How can we just allow corporation to just up and leave the city with the mess to clean.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Annotations

Annotations

 

1.) Buchanico, C. (2013). Interview on neighborhood quality.

This source was the interview that I had with my mother. In this interview we covered various points about how she’s seen that the neighborhood has changed over the course of her 15 years living here. Seeing as she stays in the neighborhood much more than my father, I asked her about how the house has stood the test of time and if she’s seen any significant changes in the housing and town quality over the course of this time period. She told me that the changes that she saw weren’t anything too big, but the water systems in the houses had been falling apart, and that the only thing that had happened to the houses were some slightly bad things such as small cracks and some inside parts of the house such as minor water damage in certain portions of the house.

2.) Buchanico, A. (2013). Interview on street condition.

This was the interview that I had with my dad. I realized that since my dad travels about more, he could be able to tell me how Philadelphia was in comparison to other neighborhoods. He also is a police officer so e gets a lot of driving done. I used this to my advantage to see about the street conditions and tell me about the changes and transitions between neighborhoods and how the neighborhoods look. He began telling me about how as he’s been driving more, he doesn’t really see back roads and actual neighborhood streets being repaired too commonly. He told me that the transitions to some neighborhoods are subtle, but some are pretty big, going from small broken down houses to grand houses tat have been around for hundred of years. He says that he thinks it has to do with the people living in those areas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.) Money, Kate. "Is Philadelphia the new Brooklyn."brokelyn. N.p.. Web. 16 Feb 2013. <http://brokelyn.com/brooklyn-vs-philadelphia/>.

 

This link is discussing how Philadelphia is a cheaper Brooklyn, and states the pluses and downsides about moving to Philadelphia after being in Manhattan. Although a good portion of this isn’t obviously relevant, it does show some good points. 1 being that the monthly cost to live in Philly is significantly cheaper than many other places. You also cannot find a job here, as the unemployment rate is sadly large. Another semi-relevant has to do with the section known, as “you are more likely to get murdered in Philly.” Murder and other serious crimes can be a good cause of neglect in a neighborhood. These can spark signal crimes such as tagging and doing damage to windows and other parts of housing. One of these happening at a time may not seem like a big deal as the window can just be fixed. However, if these are to constantly happen, then some things just won’t be stopped so soon.

 

 

4.) . "Neighborhood Transformation Initiative." GoogleDocs. Neighborhood Transformation Initiative. Web. 16 Feb 2013. <https://docs.google.com/viewer?url=http://www.phila.gov/ohcd/conplan31/strategy.pdf>.

 

This link is a Google doc by the neighborhood transformation initiative. It states part of what we are saying which is that the state of Philadelphia’s housing was and still is in decline. Low-income communities contribute to inability for repair in these neighborhoods. The main point of this document seems like it’s talking about using a planning idea for the most part. Which isn’t exactly largely helpful in discussing our point, but if we were to discuss the solution at this point it is without a doubt necessary to have planning included in your steps, as it’s necessary for basically any process of recovery.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.) L. Kelling, George. "Broken Windows." Theatlantic. Theatlantic. Web. 19 Feb 2013. <http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1982/03/broken-windows/304465/

 

The broken window theory is a story that states signal crimes and other small factors contribute to the decline of a civilization. And it also discusses how to at least give off a better and safer look for a town. This article specifically describes New Jersey’s attempt at a nice neighborhood program by stationing foot patrol units all around the town to give people the feeling of safety and hopefully helping to lower the crime rate. While the cops did not like this, as it was more difficult to get around and signal other police due to lack of transportation and technology in the car, people felt safer. Crime rates didn’t change, but due to something known as order-maintenance, people were able to feel like they were being cared for much more.

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Annotations

1. ​ douglas, Sinnea. Telephone Interview. 14 february 2013.


This telephone interview covered the current states of the College drop outs in Ursinus college. Most of the kids who dropped out of this college were because of money, work load but mainly cause of the money to pay for college. Sinnea douglas also gives an insight of how she adapt to the college life and how she took specific steps to stay on track, and making good choices in staying in college. She also explained how hard the college life is and how planning ahead helped her with adapting to the college life and environment. 


2. Mezzacappa, Dale. "Philadelphia." n. page. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?sid=c675ada3-a66c-449f-8285-778e0fcfc7a8%40sessionmgr15&vid=1&hid=28&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=ofm&AN=504444545


This source about how the amount of college graduation rates increasing form 2001 to 2009. It said that it increased from 48 percent of people graduation college to 56 percent of people graduating from college. It also gives a brief history of how long kids have been dropping out of college and explained how the amount of drop outs decreased as the years went on. It also explained what steps were taken throughout the years to decrease the amount of drop outs and increase the amount of kids who graduate from college. This article showed what steps were taken throughout the years.     




3. State, University. n. page. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://www.stateuniversity.com/blog/permalink/7-Reasons-Why-Students-Drop-Out-Of-College.html>.


This source is about the seven most reasons why kids who go do college drop out. One of things that they talked about and is most common is money. Money is one of the most common factor that causes most kids to drop out of college. Another factor that plays a factor in the amount of kids who drop out is the work load. Most kids who go to college can’t handle the work load an never found a way to adapt to the college life. Causing most students to drop out and making the number of drop outs increase.        



4. Chronicle, analysis. "Who graduates from college, who doesn’t, and why it matters.." n. page. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://collegecompletion.chronicle.com>.


This site has talks about the amount of kids who actually graduated and from what college. The amount of people who graduated from each university is different. The colleges that were for profit had more graduates compared to private, community, and public colleges. This site bassically states that what ever college that a kid attends will determine if their chances of graduating from college.  


5. Beth Marklein, Mary. "Low college graduation rates raise concerns." n. page. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://www.courierpostonline.com/article/20130125/NEWS05/301250050/Low-college-graduation-rates-raise-concerns>.


This article explains that money plays a dominate role in college. If kids who attend college and have no way of paying for college tuition will most likely be the ones who drop out of college. This article stated that 83.4 percent of people are expect to graduate from college but yet only 43 percent of that 83.4 percent of kids will actually graduate college. This article also talks about how the current economic conditions could also play a factor in why kids are dropping out of college. This also explains how 9.5 percent of the kids who try to attend college are not being offered financial aid.    

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Annotations:

Eleazar, Sheryl. "Respect For Others Is Nearing Extinction ." n. page. Web. 16 Feb. 2013. <http://lifetickler.com/respect-for-others-is-nearing-extinction/>.
- This source talks about how disrespect for our elders/adults can lead young people to violence, as well as crime. It talks about the roots of the problem in our society. It also defines what respect actually is. It is basically a big overview of the reasons that people can lack respect for adults and in general.

Qabazard, Natalie. "Teenagers’ lack of respect for adults." (2010): n. page. Web. 16 Feb. 2013. <http://teenlife.blogs.pressdemocrat.com/10755/teenagers-lack-of-respect-for-adults/>.
- This source is actually an 2fer-like essay by a 15 year old high school senior named Natalie. In her essay, she talks about teens in America and how they disrespect adults. She talks about the reasons behind this disrespect, and why they matter. She also includes some sources in her essay that can be helpful during our presentation.

Schwalb, David, and Barbara Schwalb. "Research and Theory on Respect and Disrespect: Catching Up with the Public and Practitioners." n. page. Web. 16 Feb. 2013. <http://www.suu.edu/faculty/shwalb/pdf/cad114chapter1.pdf>.
- This source is a document. It is a research article about the whole theory of respect, and disrespect. It specifically talks about disrespect in the public and how it can affect the people around you.

"Why Do Teens Act the Way They Do?."Barry County. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <www.barrycounty.org/YSB/TeensAct.pdf>.
- This source does not only talk about respect and disrespect, but the way that teens act the way the do in a lot of different things. It is mostly meant for parents, but the information is helpful for our project because it talks about some of the sources of the problems are and how to solve the problems.

Scott, Jill. Email interview. 14 Feb. 2013.
- In the interview, I asked about when in a person’s life does the problem usually start, and why it happens. We also talked about if media plays a role in it and how the problem affects society.
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Current status of Philadelphia Economy



"Philadelphia: Economy - Major Industries and Commercial Activity." Stats about all US cities - real estate, relocation info, crime, house prices, cost of living, races, home value estimator, recent sales, income, photos, schools, maps, weather, neighborhoods, and more. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://www.city-data.com/us-cities/The-Northeast/Philadelphia-Economy.html>.

Annotations: This source is very useful in providing informations about the history of Philadelphia economy and the statistics to the following summary of data regarding the Philadelphia city/county area labor force, 2004 annual averages. This information is also regarding to taxes, finances, jobs, employment, unemployment, programs, and the major changes in the industry.


"Fast Facts | Philadelphia Works Inc.."Philadelphia Works Inc. | Building a Skilled and Thriving Workforce. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://www.philaworks.org/workforce-trends-data/fast-facts>.

Annotation: This website provide the recent employment and unemployment rates of 2012 in Philadelphia. It also requires the statistics of every jobs increasing or decreasing in every different job fields and positions.

"Philadelphia's HealthCare Fact Sheet ."healthcare-now. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <www.healthcare-now.org/wp-content/uploads/pdf/finalphilafactsheet2.pdf>.

Annotation: This is a PDF article  is based on Philadelphia’s Health Care Plans providing the information on the cost of a single-person paying for their healthcare plans, adults that does not have a health insurance, and ways that the HR 676 can help the families who are in need of the health insurance. Health Care insurance is an issue that struck upon many Philadelphia residents, more commonly by racial backgrounds, but the the main purpose why is it hard for most Philadelphia residents to get Health care plans is that it is not affordable.

"Gas Prices Jump 11 Cents Over Holiday Weekend - Philadelphia News, Weather and Sports from WTXF FOX 29." FOX 29 News Philadelphia - Philadelphia News, Weather and Sports from WTXF FOX 29. N.p., 13 Feb. 2013. Web. 22 Feb. 2013. <http://www.myfoxphilly.com/story/21242573/gas-prices-jump-11-cents-over-holiday-weekend>.

Annotations: The gas prices in Philadelphia has always been one of the biggest issues and is still currently is in Philadelphia’s economy. The gas prices has been rising and decreasing over the past few years, but the gas prices today seems to hit many of Philadelphia residents drastically from the increasing of 46 cents per gallon in the last two months of 2013 -- leaving the highest gas price in the four-dollars range. Other than that, the problem in Washington has focused on the supply. According to the Fox Philly news article, “There were more protests over the weekend in front of the White House over building the Keystone oil pipeline from Canada. Environmentalists are concerned about possible spills.” Because of the Keystone oil pipeline from Canada, the environmentalists are concerned about the cause in the increasing gas prices and this may come from the oil spills.
                                 

Rivas, Judy. Interview by Vannary Kom. The Current Status in Philadelphia. 13 February 2013. 

                                                                                           
Interviewed an Economist in Philadelphia named Judy Rivas. I interviewed her over the phone and asked her few questions about the current economy issues in Philadelphia. Judy stated that the economy in Philadelphia and everywhere else in the country is not financially sustainable. Money is the largest impact that has corrupted and turned the economy for its worst. Jobs, (unemployment/employment), healthcare plans, close down businesses, the cost of gases and tolls, school budgets and fundings, social programs has depended on money for its enrichments in the economy.


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Annotations

1)  Hurdle,Jon “Philadelphia School District Plans to Close Dozens of Schools” Deember, 30 2012

   This source is about Philadelphia closing dozens of schools and the affect that it’ll have. The different details I got from this article was that they’ll be closing 37 campuses by June. Also that with the schools closed, they’ll be combining with other schools that have space. This source talks about how, schools that have room for thousands more students will be combined with other students. Which will be a result of an over populated school.This source is reliable because it states, how this will affect the school district, how this all happened and the amount of money the school districts borrowed.  


2) Wong, Kenneth “Funding Public Schools:Public and Policies” November 12 1999
  This source, the book “Funding Public Schools” described the role of funding the public schools. It also gives information about the cost efficientcy. The different details I got from this book is that”wrong defines how politics has sustained lots of types of rules the affect the resources of the local level etc. I don’t think that this source will be too relicable, because I don’t have the book, and I don’t know much about the book to really analyze and gain information that will further help with this assignment.

3) December 12 2012, “Closings: Do no harm”
 This article is about the district and closing dozens of schools by next fall, and different information that states the reasons.The different details about this is that most schools that are falling apart and need work on are sent to  schools that are concentrated in the poorest neighborhoods.A Another detail is how The District has not adequately explained how the closings will save money. Other districts have found that expected savings are eaten by transition costs. I believe that this source is reliable, because it states, helpful information about the budget cuts and closing down the schools.

4) Masterson, Teresa “Philadelphia School District Plans 3,820 Job Cuts” Friday, June, 2011
  This website is about the funding of the school district and how it’s affecting the descions and the closings of schools. Different facts from this website is that with the current funding cuts the district would have to eliminate 1,260 teaching jobs. It also states that a full day kinndergarten would have to be eliminated. I believe that this site is reliable because it states facts about hwo the the district funding will affect teachers and what the funding will affects.
5)
 This source is Mr.Lehman from Science Leadership Academy, this talks about is outtake on the budget cuts, during his role as a Principal. Information that he talks about is that the main influences are Policy makers and politicians. Biggest cut came from the state government CIty council and Federal level- Change in stimulus funding. Also the biggest problem is  The lack of positions over the several of years, lost several support staff, lost a spanish teach,lost a half a million dollars worth of cuts. I believe that this source is reliable because these questions are answered by someone who has gone through this, which makes it a great source.








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Annotations MRoth

City of Philadelphia. Housing. Web. <http://www.phila.gov/topics/housing>
Because it is a government website, the source is not likely to have a large bias or much misinformation. The source can be used to find resources regarding housing in Philadelphia.

Purtle, Jonathan. "How abandoned buildings could make you sick." Philly. N.p., 13 Jul 2012. Web. 19 Feb 2013. <http://www.philly.com/philly/blogs/public_health/Recklessly-abandoned-Phillys-neglected-buildings-might-affect-our-health-in-more-ways-than-one.html>
This source talks about some of the negatives of abandoned buildings in Philadelphia, and references reliable data.

"Philadelphia Home Prices and Heat Map." Trulia. N.p., 13 Feb 2013. Web. <http://www.trulia.com/home_prices/Pennsylvania/Philadelphia-heat_map/>
This resource shows pricing of houses in Philadelphia. I think that it is reliable, but I’m not completely sure.

Colman, David.
A friend of my family, David Colman, works in real estate. I contacted him to ask him some questions about the topic.


There will be a fifth annotation, but currently I need to plan a time to contact another person.
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Annotations

1) Herold, Benjamin. "City Council to hold school-closing hearings." The Notebook. N.p., 11 Feb 2013. Web. 15 Feb 2013. <http://thenotebook.org/blog/135624/council-set-hold-philadelphia-school-closing-hearings>.
This source is from a website that reports any news having to do with the Philadelphia School District and their budget cuts. This article written by Benjamin Herold is stating that since there are such major budget cuts, the school district is planning on closing many schools, 37 to be exact. This website can be trusted because everything stated is backed up with fact as well as it being a website that many people look to for information.

2)  DeNardo, Mike. "Larger-Than-Expected Budget Deficit For Philadelphia School District." CBS Philly. N.p., 6 Jul 2012. Web. 19 Feb 2013. <http://philadelphia.cbslocal.com/2012/07/06/larger-than-expected-budget-deficit-for-philadelphia-school-district/>.
This source is from one of Philadelphia’s local news stations. It was written before the 2012-2013 school year, talking about how major the budget cuts for that year were expected to be. There was a 27 million dollar budget cut from the years 2011-2012 and 2012-2013. This is accurate since this website is visited by most Philadelphians and they would make sure to post reliable information.



3) Graham, Kristen. "Budget cuts hit district athletics ."Philly. N.p., 15 Sept 2011. Web. 19 Feb 2013. <http://www.philly.com/philly/blogs/school_files/Budget-cuts-hit-middle-school-sports.html>.
This source is from a major news company. They are reporting that because of the budget cuts to the school district, the middle schools are being hit hard. They are getting their right to host sports and clubs taking away because there is no way for them to receive enough money to keep sports and clubs actively running with little money.

4) Davis, Beandrea. "With budgets tightening, arts education is further squeezed." The Notebook. N.p.. Web. 19 Feb 2013. <http://thenotebook.org/may-2006/061110/budgets-tightening-arts-education-further-squeezed>.
This source is from a website that reports any news having to do with the Philadelphia School District and their budget cuts. Beandrea Davos reports that the school district is cutting budgets to the point where the art education is being cut. This is a crucial part of a student’s education though because it gives them downtime from stressful work, which is exactly why it is being cut. It is a belief that art education isn’t important and since the school district is giving little money, it is being cut.

5) Stults, Tim. E-mail Interview. 19 Feb 2013.
This was an interview with the Principal of University City Promise Academy, which is one of tbe 37 Philadelphia public schools scheduled for closing at the end of the 2012-2013 school year. He shared what his point of view on the matter is, as well as what his school is going through with the situation. He is not originally a Philadelphia teach so he did not have much to say about the progression of this problem.  
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Annotations

"Home." PACDC. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://www.pacdc.org/>.

This site is the Philadelphia Association of Community Development Corporations. This site has up everything about renewing Philadelphia's destroyed homes, they go in depth with the land bank bill and how you can be a part of it.


"Plan for a Philadelphia City Land Bank Is Taking Steps Forward." Philly.com. N.p., 04 Dec. 2012. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://articles.philly.com/2012-12-04/news/35572645_1_land-bank-parcels-community-development-corps>.

This is a website that explains how the government plans to renew philadelphia, it goes in depth with the land bank and other ideas that the city has come up with to make it better.


"Our Vision | Campaign to Take Back Vacant Land." Campaign to Take Back Vacant Land RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://takebackvacantland.org/?page_id=122>.

This website contains how to take back the vacant land. The problem is that the vacant land is there and nothing is being done with it. This corporation is trying to change that, they have spots on there where people can put up locations of vacant and abandoned lots/homes and they will try to find a use for it.


"Hidden City Philadelphia | Tag Archive for Abandoned Buildings." Hidden City Philadelphia RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://hiddencityphila.org/tag/abandoned-buildings/>.

This website informs its viewers of the many tarnished places in the city. It has lists of many places in Philadelphia that could look better, and be used as homes for people. It also has information on new places that have been renovated into something inspirational.


Interview with Councilman Mark Squilla. By Helen C. E. Kilmartin. Philadelphia. 14 Feb. 2013. Performance.

I had the opportunity to interview the representative of Philadelphia's oldest district, the first district. He explained how he views the vacant homes and lots were created. Then he explains how Philadelphia's government is planning to fix the situation.


"Abandoned Philadelphia." Abandoned Philadelphia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://abandonedphiladelphia.com/about/>.

This website just talks about abandoned homes, and wants to get information on where they are so they can record it. They don't want to see anymore homes just left on the street with no purpose, so they will take the information from neighbors of abandoned homes and turn it over to homeowners looking for somewhere to go.


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